informal

  • Informal language is usually used in less serious situations.
  • Informal language tends to be used more with people we know well.  We are more relaxed with friends or family for example.
  • When we speak, informal language is more common unless it is in a speech or lecture for example.

reporting verbs

Point 18 in VERBS/patterns: reporting verbs, especially mental process verbs, with a clause as the direct object, without ‘that’, especially in informal contexts. *notably, in the English Grammar Profile examples, all the verbs but ‘said’ are in the present tense. There are grammar points that use this same construction but in the past at higher …

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a little | a bit of | a little bit of

Point 49 in DETERMINERS is defined as: quantifying determiners with uncountable nouns, often in informal and/or spoken contexts (‘a little’, ‘a bit of’ and ‘a little bit of’) *note, ‘little’ is hard to tag as a determiner and not an adjective.  Also, we believe that pronouns and other determiners should be allowed since they refer …

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LINKING ADVERBS / SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

Point 19 in A2 ADVERBS as modifiers is defined as: LINKING limited range of adverbs (‘also’, ‘so’, ‘however’) to show a relationship between two clauses or sentences. The EGP examples: I_PPIS1 also_RR bought_VVD ,_, so_CS I_PPIS1 decided_VVD However_RR ,_, the_AT clothes_NN2 were_VBDR cheap_JJ ._. Point in 2 A2 DISCOURSE MARKERS is: ‘so‘ to summarise, usually …

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