FOCUS

Focussing on certain elements of a sentence over others (giving prominence to a part) is usually done by arranging the elements in an unusual way.

‘would rather’ | ‘it’s time’ + PAST TENSE CLAUSE

Here we look at examples of using ‘the past tense’ in a way that is not referring to past time.  In these EXPERT EXAMPLES: It’s time we started to think about the environment and a little bit less about money. Isle of Man Newspapers As an environmentalist, we would rather that didn’t happen. TED ‘the past tense’ expresses a wish that is distanced from the real situation. In reality, they are not thinking …

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NOT ONLY + present perfect continuous (inversion) + BUT

Point 92 in the category of PAST is defined: present perfect continuous, invert the subject and affirmative auxiliary verb with ‘not only … but’ as a focusing device EXAMPLE: Not only has Pablo been talking publicly for the first time about being an orphan, but together, we started a live storytelling series we’re calling Talk Rx, and it’s become a really popular place for his peers to show their most vulnerable and powerful thoughts and feelings. TED

passive + BY + noun phrase

Point 12 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: passive with ‘by’ to give focus. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: All Chinese fields are owned by the Chinese government. Chinese female Level 3 Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _VB _VVN by * * 1 IS SURVIVED BY HIS WIFE 6147 2 ARE REQUIRED BY LAW TO 4481 3 BE ACCOMPANIED BY …

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as you might (SHARED KNOWLEDGE)

Point 90 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘might’ in phrases, such as ‘as you might know’, ‘have already heard’, to focus the reader on shared knowledge. 1 AS YOU MIGHT EXPECT , 6532 2 AS YOU MIGHT THINK . 3862 3 AS YOU MIGHT IMAGINE , 3657 4 AS YOU MIGHT HAVE GUESSED 2253 As …

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THE ONE(S) THAT + clause

Point 114 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: ‘The one(s) that’ + clause in subject position, for focus. An iWeb search for: . The one|ones that _VV 1 . THE ONE THAT COMES 150 2 . THE ONES THAT COME 113 3 . THE ONE THAT MAKES 93 4 . THE ONE THAT …

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Many are the + NOUN + RELATIVE CLAUSE

Point 117 in PRONOUNS/quantity is defined as: complex noun phrases using an inverted form ‘Many’ + ‘are’ + noun phrase, followed by a relative clause, as a focusing device. FOR EXAMPLE:   NBC News Covid is having a devastating impact on children — and the vaccine won’t fix everything Most of her students are poor enough to qualify for a free lunch and many …

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As for myself

Point 119 in PRONOUNS/reflexive is defined as: ‘as for myself’ as a discourse marker to introduce or focus on a personal opinion. FOR EXAMPLE:   TechRaptor Colors Live Quests and Challenges Test Your Art Skills As for myself, I am an artist in the loosest possible definition of the word; that is to say, I make art. 16 Dec 2020 A search in iWeb corpus for: . …

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THE + noun + WHO|THAT + clause (focus)

Point 73 in the category of CLAUSES is defined as: defining relative clauses: ‘the person who/that, the thing that, the (only) one who/that’ as a focusing device. A search in iWeb for: . The _NN that|who 1 . THE FACT THAT 85135 (this probably more B2) 2 . THE PEOPLE WHO 11433 3 . THE …

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ANYTHING + post-modifier

Point 104 in the category of PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined: ‘anything’ with post-modifiers to form complex noun phrases as subjects with a singular verb, to give focus. . Anything _RR * * 1 . ANYTHING ELSE IS JUST 243 2 . ANYTHING ELSE IS A 233 3 . ANYTHING ELSE WOULD BE 170 4 . ANYTHING …

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‘What you see is what you get.’ (CLEFT CLAUSE)

The English Grammar Profile C1 point 10 in the category of FOCUS is defined as: ‘What’ + noun or pronoun + verb phrase as subject + ‘be’, for focus. Note that Pearson lists this point: GSE 59 B2 clauses with ‘What …’ to emphasise the topic or main point. For example: What we need now is a good night’s sleep. What I said was that I don’t need your help. …

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whatever | wherever | however (subordinating conjunction)

Point 22 in CONJUNCTIONS/subordinating is defined as: ‘whatever’, ‘wherever’, ‘however’, etc. as a subordinating conjunction, at the beginning of a sentence, to give focus. For example: However it happened, the underworld is overcrowded, and Zeus has ordered Hades to let some spirits out. A search in iWeb for . whatever|wherever|however _P * 1 . HOWEVER IT IS 8037 2 . WHATEVER YOU DO 5235 Whatever you do, don’t read anything about genetics that‘s published within your lifetime. 3 . …

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