position

YOURS (object)

Here’s an example of the possessive pronoun ‘yours’ in object position. It’s just like yours. Listen to the pronunciation. A2 point 21 in the category of PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘yours’, with singular reference, in object positions, and complement positions after ‘be’ and after prepositions A search in iWeb corpus for: * * * yours .   …

YOURS (object) Read More »

‘SO’ (end of the sentence)

I don’t quite trust the CEFR level Pearson gives to the following grammar construct. GSE 58 B1+ is defined: ‘so’ in sentence-final positions as a placeholder (substitute) for verbs and verb phrases. It was too expensive. – I told you so. John is from Seattle. – I thought so.   ‘So’ has many possible meanings and uses near the end of sentences.  When we look at the English …

‘SO’ (end of the sentence) Read More »

HERS | THEIRS (subject)

Point 111 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘hers’ with singular reference, in subject position. Point 112 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘theirs’, with singular and plural reference, in subject position. *NOTE that there is no EGP point for hers as a subject with a plural reference.  This probably means that plural reference would be C2.  …

HERS | THEIRS (subject) Read More »

maybe | perhaps

A2 Point 13 in the category of MODALITY/adverbs: certainty and possibility (‘maybe’, ‘perhaps’), before a clause or ellipted clause. *Note that ‘maybe’ is also listed at A1. And ‘perhaps’ is A2 in the EVP regardless of position. An iWeb search for: . maybe|perhaps * * * 1 . MAYBE IT ‘S BECAUSE 2541 2 . …

maybe | perhaps Read More »

adverbs in mid position

Here’s an example of an adverb after a modal verb + academic collocation: We would likely address these issues one after the other in a sequential way. listen to this sentence A2 point 30 in the category of ADVERBS: MID POSITION between the subject and the main verb and after modal verbs, auxiliary verbs and ‘be’. General points such as these do not specify that there are …

adverbs in mid position Read More »

MAIN | ONLY + noun

Point 24 in ADJECTIVES/position: a limited range of adjectives (‘main’, ‘only’) that limit the noun that they go before. An iWeb search for: main|only _NN 1 ONLY THING 275654 2 ONLY WAY 275017 3 ONLY NEED 78976 4 ONLY TIME 72450 5 MAIN STREET 71594 6 ONLY REASON 70637 TLC STUDENT SPEAKING TEST: It was my favourite cake and that’s the only reason I used to go to school every day. …

MAIN | ONLY + noun Read More »

DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position)

The following two B1 points are only different in the order. Point 4 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: DIRECT SPEECH, REPORTING CLAUSE, INITIAL POSITION: report speech and thought directly, using the reporting verb before the reporting clause Point 9 is END POSITION: report speech and thought directly using the reporting verb after the reporting …

DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position) Read More »

will + ADVERB + have + PAST PARTICIPLE

C1 English Grammar Profile point 61 in FUTURE is defined as: future perfect simple with adverbs in the normal mid-position For example: Something somewhere will always have changed.   An iWeb search for: will _R have _VVN 1 WILL PROBABLY HAVE NOTICED 102 Forbes How To Make This E-Commerce Holiday Season Your Best Yet Anyone shopping in-store will probably have noticed the first few holiday decorations being put up. 2 WILL …

will + ADVERB + have + PAST PARTICIPLE Read More »

BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB

C1 point 58 in future with be going to is defined as: increasing range of adverbs (particularly adverbs of certainty) in the normal mid position. This point overlaps adverbs of certainty at C1. A search in iWeb for the adverbs we find in the EGP examples: _VB (probably|undoubtedly|surely) going to_T _VVI Note ‘surely’ is rare. …

BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB Read More »

wide range of stance adverbs

C1 point 62 in ADVERBS/modifiers is defined: (simply, truly, surely, apparently, naturally, surprisingly, inevitably, literally, exceptionally, frankly, clearly, amazingly, wisely, admittedly) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint, often in clause initial position. An iWeb search for these stance adverbs only in the initial position is very different to any position in the sentence.  For example, …

wide range of stance adverbs Read More »

adverb + ENOUGH

Usually, when ‘enough’ is used as a postmodifying adverb (after another adverb), it means ‘to the necessary degree.’  However in the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 58 in adverbs/phrases is defined as: post-modify adverbs with ‘enough to intensify’. The English Grammar Profile examples are all stance adverbs in the initial position: Strangely enough, Luckily enough, Sadly …

adverb + ENOUGH Read More »

adjective + noun (range)

Here are real examples of using an adjective before a noun and academic collocation: It’s a pretty accurate description. (listen to this expert example)   He can ask for additional information. (listen to this expert example)   During my school years, I started reading to get some information because I was an active participant in almost all the literary competitions. TLC female India B2   Opening fire will not retrieve them, and an armed conflict is precisely what the Captain wished to avoid. listen A search in the English Grammar Profile for ‘range …

adjective + noun (range) Read More »

theoretically surprisingly supposedly apparently + VERB

Point 69 in the category of ADVERBS/position is defined as: adverbs in mid-position, to distance the writer from what they are saying. Point 68 is the same but ‘mid clause‘ The EGP examples are included in our iWeb search: theoretically|surprisingly|supposedly|apparently _VV 1 APPARENTLY MADE 1839 2 APPARENTLY GOT 1144 3 APPARENTLY DECIDED 1086 4 APPARENTLY …

theoretically surprisingly supposedly apparently + VERB Read More »

listing adjectives + ellipted clauses

There are two similar points at C2 for listing adjectives. Point 76 at C2 in ADJECTIVES/combining is defined as: list of adjectives in ellipted clauses before and after a noun, to give focus. The EGP examples contain: Imaginative_JJ , good-humoured_JJ , friendly_JJ , he_PPHS1 was_VBDZ … The_AT latter_DA fat_JJ ,_, ugly_JJ and_CC sick_JJ blows_VVZ … …

listing adjectives + ellipted clauses Read More »