position

YOURS (object)

Here’s an example of the possessive pronoun ‘yours’ in object position. It’s just like yours. Listen to the pronunciation. A2 point 21 in the category of PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘yours’, with singular reference, in object positions, and complement positions after ‘be’ and after prepositions A search in iWeb corpus for: * * * yours .   …

YOURS (object) Read More »

‘SO’ (end of the sentence)

I don’t quite trust the CEFR level Pearson gives to the following grammar construct. GSE 58 B1+ is defined: ‘so’ in sentence-final positions as a placeholder (substitute) for verbs and verb phrases. It was too expensive. – I told you so. John is from Seattle. – I thought so.   ‘So’ has many possible meanings and uses near the end of sentences.  When we look at the English …

‘SO’ (end of the sentence) Read More »

HERS | THEIRS (subject)

Point 111 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘hers’ with singular reference, in subject position. Point 112 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘theirs’, with singular and plural reference, in subject position. *NOTE that there is no EGP point for hers as a subject with a plural reference.  This probably means that plural reference would be C2.  …

HERS | THEIRS (subject) Read More »

maybe | perhaps

A2 Point 13 in the category of MODALITY/adverbs: certainty and possibility (‘maybe’, ‘perhaps’), before a clause or ellipted clause. *Note that ‘maybe’ is also listed at A1. And ‘perhaps’ is A2 in the EVP regardless of position. An iWeb search for: . maybe|perhaps * * * 1 . MAYBE IT ‘S BECAUSE 2541 2 . …

maybe | perhaps Read More »

adverbs in mid position

Here’s an example of an adverb after a modal verb + academic collocation: We would likely address these issues one after the other in a sequential way. listen to this sentence A2 point 30 in the category of ADVERBS: MID POSITION between the subject and the main verb and after modal verbs, auxiliary verbs and ‘be’. General points such as these do not specify that there are …

adverbs in mid position Read More »

MAIN | ONLY + noun

Point 24 in ADJECTIVES/position: a limited range of adjectives (‘main’, ‘only’) that limit the noun that they go before. An iWeb search for: main|only _NN 1 ONLY THING 275654 2 ONLY WAY 275017 3 ONLY NEED 78976 4 ONLY TIME 72450 5 MAIN STREET 71594 6 ONLY REASON 70637 TLC STUDENT SPEAKING TEST: It was my favourite cake and that’s the only reason I used to go to school every day. …

MAIN | ONLY + noun Read More »

DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position)

The following two B1 points are only different in the order. Point 4 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: DIRECT SPEECH, REPORTING CLAUSE, INITIAL POSITION: report speech and thought directly, using the reporting verb before the reporting clause Point 9 is END POSITION: report speech and thought directly using the reporting verb after the reporting …

DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position) Read More »

will have + ADVERB + PAST PARTICIPLE

Point 61 in FUTURE is defined as: future perfect simple with adverbs in the normal mid-position For example: Something somewhere will always have changed.   An iWeb search for: will _R have _VVN 1 WILL PROBABLY HAVE NOTICED 102 2 WILL NEVER HAVE HEARD 85 3 WILL PROBABLY HAVE HEARD 82 4 WILL PROBABLY HAVE …

will have + ADVERB + PAST PARTICIPLE Read More »

BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB

Point 58 in future with be going to is defined as: increasing range of adverbs (particularly adverbs of certainty) in the normal mid position. A search in iWeb for the adverbs we find in the EGP examples: _VB [probably|undoubtedly|surely] going to_T _VVI Note ‘surely’ is rare. 1 IS UNDOUBTEDLY GOING TO BECOME 9 2 IS …

BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB Read More »

adjective + noun (range)

Here are real examples of using an adjective before a noun and academic collocation: It’s a pretty accurate description. (listen to this expert example)   He can ask for additional information. (listen to this expert example)   During my school years, I started reading to get some information because I was an active participant in almost all the literary competitions. TLC female India B2 A search in the English Grammar Profile for ‘range of adjectives’ shows that there is …

adjective + noun (range) Read More »

theoretically surprisingly supposedly apparently + VERB

Point 69 in the category of ADVERBS/position is defined as: adverbs in mid-position, to distance the writer from what they are saying. Point 68 is the same but ‘mid clause‘ The EGP examples are included in our iWeb search: theoretically|surprisingly|supposedly|apparently _VV 1 APPARENTLY MADE 1839 2 APPARENTLY GOT 1144 3 APPARENTLY DECIDED 1086 4 APPARENTLY …

theoretically surprisingly supposedly apparently + VERB Read More »

listing adjectives + ellipted clauses

There are two similar points at C2 for listing adjectives. Point 76 at C2 in ADJECTIVES/combining is defined as: list of adjectives in ellipted clauses before and after a noun, to give focus. The EGP examples contain: Imaginative_JJ , good-humoured_JJ , friendly_JJ , he_PPHS1 was_VBDZ … The_AT latter_DA fat_JJ ,_, ugly_JJ and_CC sick_JJ blows_VVZ … …

listing adjectives + ellipted clauses Read More »

adverb (hedging | emphasis)

Point 24 in MODALITY is defined as: adverbs in mid position or after main verb ‘be’, to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis For example: I should probably start by looking at the bottom of the river. listen *side note, ‘at the bottom of the‘ is the 8th most frequent 5-word Ngram in English. iWeb 129,473 An iWeb …

adverb (hedging | emphasis) Read More »

reporting verbs in order of frequency - found in the middle of reporting.

reporting clause (mid position)

Point 15 in the category of REPORTED SPEECH / DIRECT SPEECH is defined as: the reporting verb in the mid position of the reported clause. Here’s a list of the 10 most common B2 reporting verbs found in the mid position: claimed, commented, muttered, observed, recalled, remarked, responded, sighed, stated, whispered This is a very …

reporting clause (mid position) Read More »