A1 is the beginner level of English. We have lots of information for grammar learners at A1. This is our comprehensive guide to basic English concepts. It includes personal pronouns, time adjuncts, negative statements, questions, possessive determiners, conjunctions, adverbs, adjectives, indefinite pronouns, ellipsis, future tense, and prepositional verbs. Designed for A1 level learners, enhancing language skills systematically.

basic personal pronouns in English

This information explains what a pronoun is and how it can replace a noun or another pronoun. It also lists the personal pronouns in English and their meanings depending on who or what they refer to. It also uses meta-language to describe the grammatical features of each pronoun, such as person, number, gender, and case.

time adjuncts

These phrases can be used to add specific information about the time of an event or action. For example, the phrase “tomorrow morning” tells us that an event will happen the next day, in the morning.

Can you | we ? (QUESTION)

The page discusses the use of ‘can’ in forming questions at the A1 level of English proficiency. It highlights that ‘can’ is often used with the pronouns ‘you’ and ‘we’. The page provides examples of questions formed with ‘can’, such as “Can you help?” or “Can we talk?”. These questions can be extended for specific contexts, like “Can you help me with my homework tonight?” or “Can we talk about our plans for the upcoming vacation?”. The page serves as a guide to using ‘can’ in forming various types of questions.

and | but | or | because

A1 points 1-7 in the English Grammar Profile are listed as:

single word conjunctions (‘and, but, or’):

to connect single nouns and adjectives.
to combine phrases, clauses, and sentences.
‘and’ and ‘or’ before the final item in a list.
‘but’ to add unexpected contrast.

‘because’ as a subordinating conjunction to introduce a subordinate clause.

subject + verb

The usage of simple affirmative and negative declarative clauses in English, particularly focusing on the verb ‘be’.
Simple affirmative declarative clauses are basic statements in English. Examples include “We’re different” and “People see us as being different anyway”.
Negative statements of the main verb ‘be’, with contracted and uncontracted forms, are also at the A1 level. Examples include “I’m not a doctor” and “It’s not bad for a couple of lawyers”.
The text also provides a list of common phrases found in the iWeb corpus where a noun is followed by a verb, such as “People are” and “Problem is”.
A search in the NOW corpus for pronoun + lexical verb shows that the present tense is about as common as the past tense, with examples like “He said” (past tense) and “I think” (present tense).

late | soon (end position)

“Late” and “soon” are adverbs of time that describe when an action occurs, typically placed at the end of a sentence. “Late” refers to an action happening after the expected time, while “soon” indicates an action happening in the near future.

In the English Grammar Profile, these adverbs are part of a broader category that includes other time adverbs like “yesterday”, “tomorrow”, “now”, and “later”.

A corpus analysis of sentences ending with “soon” revealed various contexts in which this adverb is used:

Expressions of Future Contact: Phrases indicating an intention to make contact in the near future, e.g., “I will contact you soon.”
Statements about Upcoming Events or Changes: Phrases announcing events or changes expected to occur soon, e.g., “The new product will be coming out soon.”
Expressions of Hope or Anticipation: Phrases expressing hope or anticipation for something to happen soon, e.g., “Get well soon.”
Statements about Continuity or Persistence: Phrases suggesting that a current situation will continue for the foreseeable future, e.g., “Not going anywhere soon.”
Expressions of Intent to Repeat an Action: Phrases indicating an intention to repeat an action in the near future, e.g., “Be ordering again soon.”
These categories demonstrate the versatility of the adverb “soon” in conveying different aspects of time in English sentences.

noun phrase (direct object)

Using noun phrases as objects of the clause helps provide more information about the action or state described by the verb in a sentence. It helps answer questions about the direct recipients of the verb’s action or the entities affected by it.

THERE + is | are | was | were

In English grammar, “there is” and “there are” are commonly used to indicate the existence or presence of something.

“There is” is used when the noun following it is singular. For example, “There is a book on the table.”
“There are” is used when the noun following it is plural. For example, “There are many books on the shelf.”
These phrases can be used in various tenses by adjusting the form of the verb “be”. For instance, you could say “There was a time when I was everything to you,” using the past tense. However, this usage is typically considered more advanced and may be classified as A2 level in some learning resources.

adjective AND adjective

In the English Grammar Profile, A1 point 2 in the category of ADJECTIVES is defined:
COMBINING TWO ADJECTIVES:  ‘and’ to join a limited range of common adjectives.

a | every + SINGULAR NOUN

In the English Grammar Profile, A1 point 1 in the category of DETERMINERS/quantity is defined:
limited range of quantifying determiners with singular nouns (‘a’, ‘every’) determiners: articles
Here are two examples showing a limited range of determiners:
A man had A problem.
EVERY person wanted to play A game.

indefinite pronouns (negative context)

The indefinite pronoun “anything” can be used after a negative verb form to express a lack of something. For example, “I don’t have anything to do.” In this sentence, the word “anything” refers to any possible thing that the speaker could do.

The use of “anything” after a negative verb form is first introduced at the A2 level of the CEFR. However, the English Vocabulary Profile lists “anything” at the A1 level, so it is important to be aware of the different ways that this word can be used at different levels.

In my knowledge, you can see that the word “anything” is often used in negative sentences with the verbs “do”, “have”, “know”, “find”, “see”, and “say”. These verbs are all commonly used to express a lack of something.

The search results also show that the word “anything” can be used in other ways, such as in the phrases “it doesn’t mean anything” and “there isn’t anything”. In these cases, the word “anything” is used to refer to something that is not important or significant.

The use of the word “anything” can be a bit tricky, but it is an important part of the English language. By understanding the different ways that this word can be used, you can improve your English grammar and communication skills.

Here are some additional things to keep in mind about the use of the indefinite pronoun “anything”:

“Anything” can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. For example, “I can do anything” and “I can’t do anything” are both grammatically correct sentences.
“Anything” can be used with a variety of verbs, not just the verbs listed above. For example, you could say “I don’t want anything” or “I didn’t see anything”.
“Anything” can be used in both formal and informal contexts. However, it is more common in informal contexts.

WILL (future simple)

In this post, we cover the hard-to-distinguish proficiency levels when using the future simple ‘will’.  Note that some of these overlap with ‘shall’ but we are not focussed on that here.  We also are not covering ‘will’ and something that is easier to formally differentiate the grammar point.  These points are doubled up on Future and Modality.  *Point numbers come from downloading the full categories.


FUTURE 6 negative forms ‘will not’ and ‘won’t’ | MODALITY 14 will A2 negative forms
FUTURE 8 PLANS AND INTENTIONS  (*all the examples are yes-no questions) | MODALITY  28 ask about plans and intentions.
FUTURE 19 QUESTIONS | MODALITY 43 will A2 question form
FUTURE 20 make requests. (questions) | MODALITY 44 make requests in a limited range of contexts

FUTURE 27 PREDICTIONS | MODALITY 82 B1 make predictions & question tags
*FUTURE 33 FIXED PLANS  often with timetabled times and dates | MODALITY 106 B1 ‘will’ to talk about fixed plans in the future, often with timetabled times or dates.

*216 MODALITY C2 WILLFULNESS OR DISAPPROVAL ‘will’ to talk about general behaviour, often disapprovingly. (the example uses an exclamation point)