subject

‘It is for you to decide.’ (FOR +TO infinitive clause)

Pearson’s GSE 58 B1+ clause + ‘for’ to introduce an infinitive clause with a different subject.  The important thing is for you to arrive on time. My aim is for my children to go to university. A search in iWeb for: _VB for * _TO _VVI 1 IS FOR YOU TO DECIDE 392 (most examples with this string contained ‘whether’ or ‘whether or not’ which is C2.) 2 IS FOR YOU …

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HERS | THEIRS (subject)

Point 111 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘hers’ with singular reference, in subject position. Point 112 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘theirs’, with singular and plural reference, in subject position. *NOTE that there is no EGP point for hers as a subject with a plural reference.  This probably means that plural reference would be C2.  …

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WHO (subject – relative clause)

Point 34 in CLAUSES is defined: a defining relative clause with ‘who’ as the subject PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: In addition, the people who lived in Korea 100 years ago didn’t have enough transportation. Arabic male level 5 writing class. An iWeb search for: _NN who_P _VV 1 PEOPLE WHO WANT 42175 2 PEOPLE WHO LIVE 26622 3 PEOPLE WHO WORK 20667 4 PEOPLE WHO USE 18728 …

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WHICH (relative clause)

Point 23 in the category of CLAUSES is defined: non-defining relative clause with ‘which’ as the subject Point 12 is the same but: defining relative clause with ‘which’ as the subject. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: She is coming out from the KITSON which is located in LA and is a department store. Korean male level 3 writing class. An iWeb search for: _N which _VV 1 WHICH BRINGS 9614 2 …

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MUST (ellipted subject)

B1 Point 116 in the category of MODALITY is defined: ellipted ‘must’ without a subject *Note the general B2 subject pronoun ellipsis A search in iWeb for: . must _VVI *also note that this grammar is either non-existent in PELIC student writing or very difficult to locate in TLC or on Google.  The example come …

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SOMETHING | NOBODY + singular verb

Point 39 in the category of PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined as: increasing range of indefinite pronouns (‘something’, ‘nobody’) as subjects, with a singular verb. An iWeb search for: something|nobody _VVZ 1 NOBODY WANTS 19942 2 NOBODY KNOWS 18838 3 SOMETHING GOES 18724 4 SOMETHING HAPPENS 15446 That’s because if something happens just once or twice, that’s really not enough to find any patterns. 5 NOBODY LIKES 8255 6 SOMETHING NEEDS 6347 …

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yours (subject)

Point 57 in the category of PRONOUNS/possessive is defined as: yours with singular reference in subject position. FOR EXAMPLE: The world needs every voice and perspective, and yours is included. A search in iWeb for: yours _VV 1 YOURS LOOKS 1874 2 YOURS LOOK 1099 3 YOURS SOUNDS 428 4 YOURS SEEMS 380 5 YOURS TURNED 346 6 YOURS STAND 340 7 YOURS CAME …

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BOTH | A FEW

Point 61 in the category of PRONOUNS/quantity is defined as: ‘BOTH’, ‘A FEW’, ‘ANOTHER’ as subject and object pronouns. *We have covered the use of ‘another’ here. A search in iWeb corpus for: . both _V 1 . BOTH ARE 48684 2 . BOTH HAVE 15241 3 . BOTH WERE 15188 4 . BOTH WILL …

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THE ONE(S) THAT + clause

Point 114 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: ‘The one(s) that’ + clause in subject position, for focus. An iWeb search for: . The one|ones that _VV 1 . THE ONE THAT COMES 150 2 . THE ONES THAT COME 113 3 . THE ONE THAT MAKES 93 4 . THE ONE THAT …

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(SUBJECT) CLEFT CONSTRUCTION WITH ‘it’

Point 116 in PRONOUNS is defined as: a cleft construction beginning with ‘it’ to emphasise the subject of the main clause. FOR EXAMPLE: After all, it’s individuals who are to blame here, right? *Seems like religious contexts use this structure. An iWeb search for: It _V _N who _V 1 IT IS GOD WHO IS 218 2 IT IS GOD WHO …

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present simple passive affirmative (range)

Point 13 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PRESENT SIMPLE, AFFIRMATIVE with a range of pronoun and noun subjects. A search on iWeb for: _NN is|are _VVN 1 PROGRAM IS DESIGNED 30264 2 COURSE IS DESIGNED 24256 3 STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED 19508 4 STUDENTS ARE ENCOURAGED 16255 5 STUDENTS ARE EXPECTED 13002 6 …

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ANYTHING + post-modifier

Point 104 in the category of PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined: ‘anything’ with post-modifiers to form complex noun phrases as subjects with a singular verb, to give focus. . Anything _RR * * 1 . ANYTHING ELSE IS JUST 243 2 . ANYTHING ELSE IS A 233 3 . ANYTHING ELSE WOULD BE 170 4 . ANYTHING …

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‘It should be noted that’ (passives to summarise)

Point 36 in PASSIVES is defined as: ‘it’ as a dummy subject, to summarise or evaluate in discussions, usually in formal or academic writing. *This might clash with B2. A search of the formal patterns found in the EGP for the iWeb: it_P _V _VB _VVN that 1 IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT 38271 2 …

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ANOTHER

At B1 there are many points covering the use of ‘another’.  Considering that they are all at the same level, one is not sure why there are so many different entries. Points 38, 41, 53 in DETERMINERS/articles are defined as: ‘another’ to talk about something additional. ‘another’ with singular nouns. ‘another’ to talk about something …

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‘It is said that …’ (IT + passive)

Let’s take a look at an IELTS writing task 2 example with this grammar: It is argued that volunteering should be made a part of the school curriculum. In the above example, ‘is argued‘ forms the passive part.  The active form of this is probably: ‘People argue that…” In our example, ‘people’ is not important or maybe we don’t know who …

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nothing | everybody | everywhere | anything (subject)

Point 92 in PRONOUNS is defined as: full range of indefinite pronouns as subjects, with a singular verb. A search inWeb for: . nothing|everybody|everywhere|anything _v And PELIC B2 student examples: 1 . NOTHING IS 18676 25027,ar9,Chinese,Male,529,4,w,3285,1,566 We can lie on the meadow and breathed fresh air. Nothing is better than this. 2 . NOTHING WAS …

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