imperatives

  • The ‘imperative’ mood of verbs is one of three possible.
  • Usually, imperatives do not have a subject, meaning ‘you’ is implied as the subject.

imperative

Here are two A2 English Grammar Profile points in different categories that cover imperatives. Point 39 in the category of CLAUSES is defined: affirmative imperative with the base form of a main verb Point 7 in NEGATION:  negative imperatives of main verbs with ‘don’t’ + main verb. However, ‘let me/us’ is listed at B2 in …

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IF clause + imperative

Here are two English Grammar Profile points at A2 that overlap formally. Point 9 in the category of CLAUSES/conditional is defined: ‘if’ + present simple, with an imperative in the main clause. Point 22 in the category of CLAUSES/conditional is defined as: HEDGING: ‘if-‘ clause (‘if you want’, ‘like’, ‘prefer’) to soften the directness of …

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DO + verb (imperative)

‘Do’ can be put before the imperative verb or auxiliary to make it less abrupt and more persuasive. Point 64 in the category of CLAUSES/imperatives is defined as: ‘DO’: base form of a main verb, for emphasis or in formal contexts A search in iWeb for: . Do _VVI 1 . DO NOTE 2681 2 …

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anything (ellipsis)

Here are two examples of indefinite pronouns in ellipted conditional clauses: Anything we can do, anything you need, just tell us. listen Anything you want there, anything at all, just take it. Kings Row (1942) *They mean:  “if there is anything that we can do” or “if there is anything that you want” C1 point 100 in PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined as: ‘anything’ in an ellipted clause.   (‘if there is anything …’) When …

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Don’t you!

Point 135 in CLAUSES/imperatives is defined as: you with an imperative form to make an instruction stronger. This overlaps with Point 31 NEGATION imperative instruction warning reprimand. iWeb doesn’t allow for a search for . Do n’t you COCA does but we must manually search for exclamations: 34 2011 FIC Bk:SilverGirlNovel “Freddy, wait! Don’t leave. …

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let him | her | them + VERB

Here’s an example of an imperative clause using ‘let + third-person pronoun: Let them find Randy themselves. Listen The speaker is instructing someone to allow someone else to take on the responsibility of doing something.  It is unclear if this is C2 or C1. Point 124 C2 in CLAUSES/imperatives is defined as: an imperative clause with ‘let’ + …

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