hedging

IF clause + imperative

Here are two English Grammar Profile points at A2 that overlap formally. Point 9 in the category of CLAUSES/conditional is defined: ‘if’ + present simple, with an imperative in the main clause. Point 22 in the category of CLAUSES/conditional is defined as: HEDGING: ‘if-‘ clause (‘if you want’, ‘like’, ‘prefer’) to soften the directness of …

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modal verb + modal adverb

B1 Point 57 in the category of modality/adverbs is defined as: modal verb + modal adverb to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis. B1 point 81 in modality/adverbs is defined as: increasing range of adverbs, for emphasis However, when we check the EGP examples for point 57 which include: surely|certainly|probably, we soon see …

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negation with modality ‘not necessarily’

Here’s an example of using a stance adverb with negative modality: It will not necessarily be progress for India if she simply imports the unhappiness of the West. listen Here are two formally overlapping C1 grammar points in the English Grammar Profile: Point 200 in MODALITY/adverbs is defined as: ‘NOT NECESSARILY to express a possible exception to a general perception, i.e. not in every case. Point 23 in NEGATION …

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BE + NOT + ADJECTIVE + THAT+ CLAUSE

C1 point 197 in MODALITY/expressions with ‘be’ is defined as: HEDGING ‘be’ + ‘not’ + adjective + ‘that-‘ clause to make an assertion less direct The EGP adjectives include: ‘certain’, ‘likely’ and ‘sure’ which are all related to hedging and modality such as certainty and probability. A search in iWeb for: _VB _XX _J that_C …

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adverb (hedging | emphasis)

Point 24 in MODALITY is defined as: adverbs in mid position or after main verb ‘be’, to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis For example: I should probably start by looking at the bottom of the river. listen *side note, ‘at the bottom of the‘ is the 8th most frequent 5-word Ngram in English. iWeb 129,473 An iWeb …

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adjective + (that) clause

Here’s a student example of an adjective followed by a ‘that’ clause. However, I am sure that the most useful English for you is American English. PELIC Korean male level 4 writing In the English Grammar Profile (EGP), there are many points that are hard to differentiate and some have conflicting information. EGP point 22 MODALITY/adjectives at A2: BE’ + ‘SURE‘ + CLAUSE …

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