certainty

adverb RESPONSE TOKENS

When you ‘listen’ to someone speaking in a conversation, you can respond with short phrases that add to the conversation. These utterances carry information and sometimes a single word like an adverb is all you might say. C2 point 224 in the category of MODALITY/adverbs is defined: adverbs expressing certainty as short responses Here is …

adverb RESPONSE TOKENS Read More »

maybe | perhaps

A2 Point 13 in the category of MODALITY/adverbs: certainty and possibility (‘maybe’, ‘perhaps’), before a clause or ellipted clause. *Note that ‘maybe’ is also listed at A1. And ‘perhaps’ is A2 in the EVP regardless of position. An iWeb search for: . maybe|perhaps * * * 1 . MAYBE IT ‘S BECAUSE 2541 2 . …

maybe | perhaps Read More »

BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB

Point 58 in future with be going to is defined as: increasing range of adverbs (particularly adverbs of certainty) in the normal mid position. A search in iWeb for the adverbs we find in the EGP examples: _VB [probably|undoubtedly|surely] going to_T _VVI Note ‘surely’ is rare. 1 IS UNDOUBTEDLY GOING TO BECOME 9 2 IS …

BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB Read More »

absolutely | undoubtedly | undeniably

Point 64 in ADVERBS/modifiers is defined as: a wide range of adverbs to indicate degrees of certainty. We can find in the EGP examples: absolutely|undoubtedly|undeniably Rank in iWeb: 1 ABSOLUTELY 1027853 2 UNDOUBTEDLY 129901 3 UNDENIABLY 24956  * * absolutely|undoubtedly|undeniably * * 1 I ABSOLUTELY LOVE THIS 3596 Now I don’t know if this is the devil or the angel sitting on our conscience, sitting on television‘s shoulders, but I do know that I absolutely love this image. …

absolutely | undoubtedly | undeniably Read More »

BE + bound | likely | meant | obliged + TO

*There is an interactive word tree exercise for this B2 grammar here. Point 152 in MODALITY overlaps many other modality points.  So here we will cover those not already covered elsewhere. It is defined as: the full range of expressions with ‘be’ + infinitive (‘be likely to’, ‘be due to’, ‘be meant to’, ‘be bound …

BE + bound | likely | meant | obliged + TO Read More »