PRONOUNS

  • A pronoun acts as a noun or noun phrase.
  • A pronoun refers to someone or something in the discourse or mentioned elsewhere.

‘AS’ + pronoun + ‘USED’ + to-infinitive

Student example in a speaking test: I don’t think that they pay enough attention towards the national customs as they used to do those days. TLC female Sri Lanka B2 Point 236 in the category of MODALITY is defined: ‘as’ + pronoun + ‘used to’ to add background to a narrative, often to highlight something unusual A search in iWeb for: as_C _P used_V _TO _VV 1 AS …

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HERS | THEIRS (subject)

Point 111 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘hers’ with singular reference, in subject position. Point 112 in PRONOUNS: the possessive pronoun ‘theirs’, with singular and plural reference, in subject position. *NOTE that there is no EGP point for hers as a subject with a plural reference.  This probably means that plural reference would be C2.  …

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THAT + adjective + noun + OF + possessive pronoun

Point 115 in PRONOUNS: ‘THAT … OF’ + possessive pronouns to express an attitude about someone or something, often in humorous or sarcastic contexts. *there are other very similar C2 points to this too. iWeb doesn’t allow more than 5 tokens in a search so a COCA search for: that _JJ _NN _IO _PPGE 1 …

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That’s + adjective !

Point 38 in PRONOUNS/demonstratives is defined: RESPONSE TOKENS WITH ‘that’s’ + adjective to respond to something However, the EGP examples do not always contain an adjective: That’s great! That’s a pity! That’s a good idea! FOR EXAMPLE: Do you always go to the same place? Oh, that’s awesome! An iWeb search for: That _VBZ * ! 1 THAT ‘S IT ! 12397 2 THAT ‘S RIGHT ! …

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ANYTHING (negative context)

Point 13 in the category of NEGATION: an increasing range of indefinite pronouns in negative contexts iWeb searches for: _XX * * * anything 1 N’T HAVE TO DO ANYTHING 3419 2 N’T NEED TO DO ANYTHING 2289 3 N’T WANT TO DO ANYTHING 1784 4 N’T THINK THERE ‘S ANYTHING 1698 5 NOT GOING …

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present perfect simple (range)

There is no listing in the English Grammar Profile for a ‘wide‘ range of main verbs with present perfect simple.  So, here’s an expert example of present perfect simple using academic collocation: In the course of my professional life, I have acquired knowledge and manual skill.    (linotype.com) Here are some general range points in the English Grammar Profile in the category of …

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SOMETHING | NOBODY + singular verb

Point 39 in the category of PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined as: increasing range of indefinite pronouns (‘something’, ‘nobody’) as subjects, with a singular verb. An iWeb search for: something|nobody _VVZ 1 NOBODY WANTS 19942 2 NOBODY KNOWS 18838 3 SOMETHING GOES 18724 4 SOMETHING HAPPENS 15446 That’s because if something happens just once or twice, that’s really not enough to find any patterns. 5 NOBODY LIKES 8255 6 SOMETHING NEEDS 6347 …

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determiner + adjective + ONES

Point 40 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: determiners + premodifers + ‘ones’ PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: (referring to outdoor activities) I think Bodrum has the best ones. Turkish, Male, Level 3, Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _A _J ones 1 THE ONLY ONES 45418 2 YOUR LOVED ONES 30909 3 THEIR LOVED ONES 22398 4 THE …

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which one

Point 44 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: ‘one’ after ‘which’ in indirect questions to refer to one of two or more options. *not all the examples are ‘indirect questions’ in the EGP examples. A search in iWeb for: which one * * * 1 WHICH ONE IS RIGHT FOR 2225 2 WHICH …

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noun + OF + MINE | YOURS

Here is another example of overlapping grammar points in the English Grammar Profile. B1 Point 37 in the category of NOUNS/phrases is defined as: NOUN + ‘OF’ + POSSESSIVE PRONOUN Which overlaps the more specific B1 point 47 in the category of PRONOUNS: possessive pronoun ‘yours’ after noun + ‘of’. It would be very beneficial …

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some | any | each | a few + of + PRONOUN

Point 49 in the category of PRONOUNS/quantity  is defined as: increasing range of pronouns (‘some’, ‘a few’, ‘any’, ‘each’) with ‘of’ followed by an object pronoun. An iWeb search for: some|any|each of _P 1 SOME OF THEM 180790 TLC SPEAKING TEST EXAMPLE: There are many types of chocolates in this world, but unfortunately, I’m a fussy girl and I just like some of them. female, India, B1 2 SOME OF …

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adjective + ONES

Point 50 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: premodifiers with ‘ones’, to refer to something in general. An iWeb search for: _JJ ones 1 LOVED ONES 102997 2 NEW ONES 78751 3 LITTLE ONES 58655 4 ONLY ONES 46742 5 GOOD ONES 26844 6 OLD ONES 24098 7 OTHER ONES 16209 8 SMALLER …

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VERB + myself | yourself | himself | itself | herself

B1 Point 55 in the category of PRONOUNS is defined as: increasing range of singular reflexive pronouns with an increasing range of verbs to refer to actions where the subject and object of the verb are the same. A2 Point 12: range of singular reflexive pronouns (‘myself’, ‘yourself’) with a limited range of verbs (‘enjoy’, …

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yours (subject)

Point 57 in the category of PRONOUNS/possessive is defined as: yours with singular reference in subject position. FOR EXAMPLE: The world needs every voice and perspective, and yours is included. A search in iWeb for: yours _VV 1 YOURS LOOKS 1874 2 YOURS LOOK 1099 3 YOURS SOUNDS 428 4 YOURS SEEMS 380 5 YOURS TURNED 346 6 YOURS STAND 340 7 YOURS CAME …

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nothing | anyone | everywhere

Point 58 in the category of PRONOUNS is defined as: wide range of indefinite pronouns as objects or complements. A search in iWeb for: _VV nothing|anyone|everywhere 1 KNOW NOTHING 29235 2 THINK ANYONE 22892 3 SAY NOTHING 17229 4 KNOW ANYONE 16116 5 TELL ANYONE 15737 6 KNEW NOTHING 14617 7 LET ANYONE 14570 TLC …

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each other

Point 60 in the category of PRONOUNS/reciprocal is defined as: ‘each other’ as the object of a verb or complement of a preposition to talk about the mutual behaviour of two or more people. An iWeb search for: * * * each other 1 ON TOP OF EACH OTHER 13130 (note that many of these …

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MY | YOUR + superlative +noun

Point 12 in ADJECTIVES is defined as: form a noun phrase with ‘my’ or ‘your’ + superlative adjective + noun, with a limited range of nouns and contexts. A search in iWeb for: my|your _JJT _NN 1 YOUR BEST BET 34849 2 MY BEST FRIEND 30957 3 YOUR BEST FRIEND 18855 4 MY BEST FRIENDS …

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BOTH | A FEW

Point 61 in the category of PRONOUNS/quantity is defined as: ‘BOTH’, ‘A FEW’, ‘ANOTHER’ as subject and object pronouns. *We have covered the use of ‘another’ here. A search in iWeb corpus for: . both _V 1 . BOTH ARE 48684 2 . BOTH HAVE 15241 3 . BOTH WERE 15188 4 . BOTH WILL …

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