C1

CEFR C1 English is the second most advanced level.

To see a full list on one page click here.

Otherwise, below you can see the most recent entries at C1.

‘BUT FOR’ (third conditional)

We know that ‘but for’ + a phrase means except for or if it were not for. At C1, this structure can be combined with a ‘would have clause’  so it is similar to a past conditional.  All together this construction means “if it wasn’t for this thing that happened, then this other thing was …

‘BUT FOR’ (third conditional) Read More »

modal verb + modal adverb

B1 Point 57 in the category of modality/adverbs is defined as: modal verb + modal adverb to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis. B1 point 81 in modality/adverbs is defined as: increasing range of adverbs, for emphasis However, when we check the EGP examples for point 57 which include: surely|certainly|probably, we soon see …

modal verb + modal adverb Read More »

ellipted modal – alternative question

Point 30 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions with two clauses and ellipsis (of the modal) in the second clause, often as a hedging device. *Both of the English Grammar Profile examples contain ‘maybe’ and do not invert as questions usually do.  They both seem like weak suggestions. Maybe you could hand out toys or show a movie? Maybe you will be able …

ellipted modal – alternative question Read More »

EACH + THE OTHER

Point 105 in the category of PRONOUNS/reciprocal is defined as: ‘each’ (+ noun or pronoun) as subject followed by ‘the other(s)’ a complement of a preposition, to refer to two related things. (pronouns: quantity) A search in TED corpus for: Each {n} * {in} the [other|others]   Each attempt was substantially different from the other.       1  Each side …

EACH + THE OTHER Read More »

ANYTHING + post-modifier

Point 104 in the category of PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined: ‘anything’ with post-modifiers to form complex noun phrases as subjects with a singular verb, to give focus. . Anything _RR * * 1 . ANYTHING ELSE IS JUST 243 2 . ANYTHING ELSE IS A 233 3 . ANYTHING ELSE WOULD BE 170 4 . ANYTHING …

ANYTHING + post-modifier Read More »

too | very | so + many | few

C1 point 102 in PRONOUNS/quantity is defined: MODIFIED: ‘few’ and ‘many’ with ‘very’, ‘too’, ‘so’ as intensifiers *’very few’ + noun is B2 A search in iWeb for: * * too|very|so many|few . 1 THERE ARE SO MANY . 587 2 IS ONE TOO MANY . 340 3 LIVES OF SO MANY . 236 4 …

too | very | so + many | few Read More »

anything (ellipsis)

Here are two examples of indefinite pronouns in ellipted conditional clauses: Anything we can do, anything you need, just tell us. listen Anything you want there, anything at all, just take it. Kings Row (1942) *They mean:  “if there is anything that we can do” or “if there is anything that you want” C1 point 100 in PRONOUNS/indefinite is defined as: ‘anything’ in an ellipted clause.   (‘if there is anything …’) When …

anything (ellipsis) Read More »

demonstrate | illustrate (reporting verbs)

In the English Vocabulary Profile, ‘demonstrate‘ as a verb is listed at B2. It is defined there as: to show or prove that something exists or is true While ‘illustrate‘ is listed at C1 with the meaning: give information through diagrams, lists of numbers, The English Grammar Profile C1 Point 34 in the category of …

demonstrate | illustrate (reporting verbs) Read More »

past perfect simple (inversion)

Point 85 in the category of PAST is defined as: invert the subject and affirmative auxiliary verb to talk about imagined situations in the past, often with regret, in formal contexts *although a following modal verb ‘could’ or ‘would’ is not mentioned in the description above, they do follow in the EGP examples. A search …

past perfect simple (inversion) Read More »

present perfect simple negative (wide range of verbs)

Point 84 in the category of PAST: present perfect simple with the full negative forms with a wide range of verbs, often in formal contexts. An iWeb search for: _N have|has not _VVN 1 POLICE HAVE NOT RELEASED 590 2 GOD HAS NOT GIVEN 328 3 CANCER HAS NOT SPREAD 302 4 STUDIES HAVE NOT …

present perfect simple negative (wide range of verbs) Read More »