research

Children’s grammar?

We love testing the grammar profiler app against all types of texts.  The following comes from an 8-year-old in grade 3 in an Australian primary school.  She was asked to write a paragraph about anything.  The CLAWS7 tagger had a problem marking the part of speech for the few words since they are new.  And …

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5 on the TOEFL Writing Essays?

In this post, we use our grammar profiler to predict the CEFR level of this TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample Essay. We found that the most salient language is the ability to modify adjectives and use abstract nouns.  So let’s look at this advanced text.  The profiler says the text is probably C1, which we can surmise …

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Pearson – text analyzer

The Pearson text analyzer seems to be another tool based on finding reading texts for students based only on vocabulary.  It is not going to predict the level of what a student has produced. There will be a level or two between what students can read and produce.  A B2 reading text is probably something …

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Duo Lingo – CEFR checker

I came across what seems to be another vocabulary only ‘predictor.  The ‘CEFR checker’ is most probably drawn from the English Vocabulary Profile. As with the ‘Write & Improve’ website’s CEFR level predictor, I put through 10 sentences that contain C2 grammar points.  Both of these gave me a prediction of B2.  The same sentences …

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grammarly

I am always wondering about the negative effect that ‘Grammarly’ has on English learner’s writing ability. I have it on to help me spot basic typos, which is really useful, but learners might just click on every suggestion that it makes. Here are some examples of incorrect ‘correction advice’ in just two sentences I was …

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Is the length of a word a poor way to predict English proficiency?

As mentioned in my Cambridge Learner Corpus research elsewhere, the main noticeable difference between CEFR levels is the length of sentences: shorter at A1 and longer at C2.  In this post, I wanted to do a quick search (20 sentences) on the word length (the letters in a word) using PELI corpus examples.  Surprisingly, the …

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English language profiling tools

There is some evidence that students who use text analysers do improve their English more than if they don’t use them. Ahmad, S., & Rawian, R. M. (2020). The effects of lexical profiling tools on academic writing performance. Asian Social Science and Humanities Research Journal (ASHREJ), 2(2), 96-106.

New Academic Word List vocabulary not in the English Vocabulary Profile

Until June 2021, the English Grammar Profiler tool that automatically tags grammar and vocabulary used both the EVP and the AWL for the same words which was making level prediction less accurate.  Today we have removed the AWL tagging to allow for the full EVP to highlight its levels across vocabulary more accurately.  Instead of …

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-able adjective suffix

Most words that end in -able are adjectives. Here we list in order of most to least frequent those found in the top 100 on iWeb corpus.  These are not found much in the lower proficiency levels.  It would be wiser to teach vocabulary this way at upper-intermediate and above. They are AVAILABLE, COMFORTABLE, VALUABLE, …

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topics and tags

This is a personal note for the direction in future. All the research posts should use the tagging taxonomy to choose a number of nouns that are best to use alongside the grammar. It is already clear, where possible I choose, for example, B1 vocabulary to go with B2 grammar for being able to understand …

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complexity pies

How do I predict the writing level using the pie chart in the ‘complexity checker‘ software? C2 language from CLC If more than 33% of a text is highlighted above A2 then it is probably from a C2 or proficient English writer. Or in other words,  66% of it is not basic A1 and A2.  …

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Research

My education includes: A Post Graduate Certificate in Education with a GPA of 6. Three of the units were in TESOL and one was in educational research. (2020) Prior to that, I have a Bachelor in Visual Arts, but also two years of a Bachelor of Education – secondary teaching. (1995) I have also completed …

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Claws 7 tagging errors

11/8/21 double is a predeterminer. New_NP1 York_NP1 City_NN1 ‘s_GE unemployment_NN1 rate_NN1 was_VBDZ nearly_RR double_VV0 the_AT national_JJ average_NN1 in_II June_NPM1 ._.   24/10/2020 ,_, the_AT report_NN1 states_NN2 ._. 8/10/2020 I_PPIS1 do_VD0 running_JJ on_II the_AT treadmill_NN1 ._. 10/5/2020 (EVPB1) I_PPIS1 provided_CS21 that_CS22 yesterday_RT ._. 28/9/20 To_TO be_VBI kind_NN1 is_VBZ more_RGR important_JJ looking at what is more common …

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Ethnographic research

Now that we have looked briefly at what educational research is, it’s time to get more specific about one of the qualitative designs.  Ethno means people and graphy is writing, so this is writing about groups of people.   It comes from cultural anthropology or writing about culture.   This could include their thoughts, the rules of …

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