• ‘Modify’ means ‘change’ some other parts of a sentence.
  • This change can enhance, make something clearer, or more limited.
  • It can help emphasize, explain or describe by giving more detail to other words.
  • Modifiers can be words, phrases or clauses.
  • Adjectives and adverbs are modifiers.

really | always | sometimes + VERB

The first point in the English Grammar Profile! A1 point 1 in the category of ADVERBS is defined: adverbs of degree and time to modify verbs. An iWeb search for: really|always|sometimes _VV   1 REALLY WANT 213278 I really want a brother.   Listen to the pronunciation 2 REALLY LIKE 181415 3 REALLY NEED 161580 4 REALLY KNOW …

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JUST + preposition

Here’s an example of ‘just’ pre-modifying a prepositional phrase. I was a shy girl and sometimes I was just like a boy. TLC student speaking test female China B1   A2 point 3 in the category of PREPOSITIONS is defined: ‘JUST’ + to modify prepositions. An iWeb search for: just_R _II 1 JUST LIKE 495187 2 JUST IN 139921 3 JUST BEFORE 128761 4 JUST BY …

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determiner + noun phrase (increasing range)

Here’s a student example of a determiner + uncountable noun: My teacher told me “enjoy the music and you will dance naturally.” PELIC Taiwanese female level 3 writing class A2 point 18 in the category of  NOUNS is defined: form simple noun phrases by pre-modifying nouns with an increasing range of determiners. A2 point 24 in the category of NOUNS: form …

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WHICH (relative clause)

Here are 3 similar A2 points in the English Grammar Profile. Point 25 in the category of NOUNS is defined: post-modify noun phrases by using a non-defining relative clause. Point 23 in the category of CLAUSES is defined: non-defining relative clause with ‘which’ as the subject Point 12 is the same but: defining relative clause …

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actually | unfortunately | of course | I’m sorry

Point 34 in ADVERBS/modifiers: STANCE: limited range (‘actually’, ‘unfortunately’, ‘of course’, ‘I’m sorry’) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint. ‘actually’ is A2 or higher in the English Vocabulary Profile regardless if it is ‘stance’ or not. ‘of course’ is A1 in the EVP if used to say ‘yes’ and emphasize your answer: Dictionary example: “Can …

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manner adverbs

Point 28 in ADVERBS is defined: limited range of manner adverbs and adverb phrases to modify how something happens. PELIC STUDENTS: The most important thing is to practise because with no practise, you will forget quickly. Arabic male level 3 writing class.   Yesterday I woke up early because I had a test. Arabic male level 2 writing class. *’early’ is more of a time adverb. A search in iWeb for: _VV *ly_RR . 1 …

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time and sequencing adverbs

There are a few overlapping points in the category of ADVERBS as modifiers at A2. Point 25: SEQUENCING: a limited range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘first’, ‘then’, ‘after that’) to order segments of discourse. Point 33: time and sequencing adverbs to modify clauses and sentences. The examples for point 33 need to be looked …

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determiner + adjective + ONES

Point 40 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: determiners + premodifers + ‘ones’ PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: (referring to outdoor activities) I think Bodrum has the best ones. Turkish, Male, Level 3, Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _A _J ones 1 THE ONLY ONES 45418 2 YOUR LOVED ONES 30909 3 THEIR LOVED ONES 22398 4 THE …

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adjective + ONES

Point 50 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: premodifiers with ‘ones’, to refer to something in general. An iWeb search for: _JJ ones 1 LOVED ONES 102997 2 NEW ONES 78751 3 LITTLE ONES 58655 4 ONLY ONES 46742 5 GOOD ONES 26844 6 OLD ONES 24098 7 OTHER ONES 16209 8 SMALLER …

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modal verb + modal adverb

B1 Point 57 in the category of modality/adverbs is defined as: modal verb + modal adverb to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis. B1 point 81 in modality/adverbs is defined as: increasing range of adverbs, for emphasis However, when we check the EGP examples for point 57 which include: surely|certainly|probably, we soon see …

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Firstly | Secondly | Finally | Actually ,

Point 49 in ADVERBs/as modifiers is defined as: adverbs as discourse markers to organise text. (position) For example: Finally, I just take a rest. PELIC STUDENT: Arabic, Male, level 3, writing class Although the title of this post lists only 4 examples that are found in the EGP examples, there are many more one could manually locate that relate …

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far away | downstairs | nearby | upstairs

Point 48 in ADVERBS/as modifiers is defined as: an increasing range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘near’, ‘far away’, ‘upstairs’, ‘downstairs’) to indicate place An iWeb search for: _VV far away 1 STAY FAR AWAY 1252 2 LIVE FAR AWAY 1205 3 SEEMS FAR AWAY 249 4 LIVES FAR AWAY 245 5 SEEM FAR AWAY …

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adjective, adjective noun

This is another grammar point that is probably easier to deal with in the English Vocabulary Profile.  There are too many vague differences to distinguish between the different entries in the English Grammar Profile.  They could be explained in more detail. B1 Point 55 in the category of ADJECTIVES is defined as: a comma to …

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too | very | so + many | few

C1 point 102 in PRONOUNS/quantity is defined: MODIFIED: ‘few’ and ‘many’ with ‘very’, ‘too’, ‘so’ as intensifiers *’very few’ + noun is B2 A search in iWeb for: * * too|very|so many|few . 1 THERE ARE SO MANY . 587 2 IS ONE TOO MANY . 340 3 LIVES OF SO MANY . 236 4 …

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adverb + adjective (emphasis)

An adjective phrase can consist of an adverb + adjective.  In the following example: ‘obvious‘ is the head of the adjective phrase. It was painfully obvious. The adverb ‘painfully’ is used here to emphasize how annoying or unpleasant something was. C1 point 199 in the category of MODALITY/ MODIFYING ADJECTIVES adjectives with adverbs, often for …

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absolutely | undoubtedly | undeniably

Point 64 in ADVERBS/modifiers is defined as: a wide range of adverbs to indicate degrees of certainty. We can find in the EGP examples: absolutely|undoubtedly|undeniably Rank in iWeb: 1 ABSOLUTELY 1027853 2 UNDOUBTEDLY 129901 3 UNDENIABLY 24956  * * absolutely|undoubtedly|undeniably * * 1 I ABSOLUTELY LOVE THIS 3596 Now I don’t know if this is the devil or the angel sitting on our conscience, sitting on television‘s shoulders, but I do know that I absolutely love this image. …

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wide range of stance adverbs

C1 point 62 in ADVERBS/modifiers is defined: (simply, truly, surely, apparently, naturally, surprisingly, inevitably, literally, exceptionally, frankly, clearly, amazingly, wisely, admittedly) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint, often in clause initial position. *Some of these adverbs are sometimes used in other ways too, but they are all at B1 or higher, so the complexity range …

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adverb + adverb (wide range)

Point 61 in ADVERBS/phrases is defined as: modify a wide range of adverbs with other adverbs An iWeb search for *ly_RR *ly_RR *note we have highlighted lines with B2 vocabulary for ‘range’. 1 REALLY REALLY 34573 2 ACTUALLY REALLY 17619 3 FAIRLY QUICKLY 15518 4 REALLY QUICKLY 10930 5 ONLY RECENTLY 9989 6 FAIRLY EASILY …

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