substitution

‘SO’ (end of the sentence)

I don’t quite trust the CEFR level Pearson gives to the following grammar construct. GSE 58 B1+ is defined: ‘so’ in sentence-final positions as a placeholder (substitute) for verbs and verb phrases. It was too expensive. – I told you so. John is from Seattle. – I thought so.   ‘So’ has many possible meanings and uses near the end of sentences.  When we look at the English …

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determiner + adjective + ONES

Point 40 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: determiners + premodifers + ‘ones’ PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: (referring to outdoor activities) I think Bodrum has the best ones. Turkish, Male, Level 3, Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _A _J ones 1 THE ONLY ONES 45418 2 YOUR LOVED ONES 30909 3 THEIR LOVED ONES 22398 4 THE …

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which one

Point 44 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: ‘one’ after ‘which’ in indirect questions to refer to one of two or more options. *not all the examples are ‘indirect questions’ in the EGP examples. A search in iWeb for: which one * * * 1 WHICH ONE IS RIGHT FOR 2225 2 WHICH …

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adjective + ONES

Point 50 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: premodifiers with ‘ones’, to refer to something in general. An iWeb search for: _JJ ones 1 LOVED ONES 102997 2 NEW ONES 78751 3 LITTLE ONES 58655 4 ONLY ONES 46742 5 GOOD ONES 26844 6 OLD ONES 24098 7 OTHER ONES 16209 8 SMALLER …

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this one | that one

Here are two grammar points in the English Grammar Profile’s category of Pronouns at B1 that should be merged into one. Point 43 this one’, ‘that one’ as a substitute for countable singular nouns that have previously been mentioned. Point 64 THIS ONE’, ‘THAT ONE’” to refer to a singular countable noun. Searches in iWeb …

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or not?

Point 23 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions using ‘or not’ to substitute for a clause, sometimes to express annoyance or impatience An iWeb search for: * * or not ? 1 THIS EARNING OR NOT ? 287 2 GOOD IDEA OR NOT ? 122 3 IS TRUE OR NOT ? …

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THE ONE(S) THAT + clause (focus)

Here are two examples of ‘focus’ in English grammar, using ‘the one that + clause’ in the subject position: The one that comes in the box, his colleague told him, was notorious for making users’faces itchy and red.   The Wall Street Journal The ones that make you look older, or even the ones where you turn into a hot dog are still really engaging.    Mobile Marketing Magazine C2 point 114 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: ‘The one(s) that’ + clause in subject position, …

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ONE (pronoun)

A2 point 16 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution: ‘the one’ and ‘the’ + pre-modifier + ‘one’ with a complement, to refer to something specific. Point 35 in PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: substitute for singular countable nouns which have already been mentioned or are obvious from the context. *There are a few other points that cover …

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