‘now’ is an adverb that refers to the timing of an event. For example:
A boss like that? Now I am green with envy.
There are a few overlapping points in the category of ADVERBS as modifiers at A2 in the English Grammar Profile.
SEQUENCING: a limited range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘first’, ‘then’, ‘after that’) to order segments of discourse.
time and sequencing adverbs to modify clauses and sentences.
The examples for point 33 need to be looked at to get more details:
- Yesterday I went shopping and bought some clothes. (B1 past simple ordering events)
- First, we had dinner at my house and after we went to the pub. . (‘and after’ …should be a2?)
- I just heard about your accident. (point 36 in adverbs)
- I often eat it at weekends. (point 29 in adverbs or is it the adverb prepositional ‘at weekends’)
limited range of adverbs (‘yesterday’, ‘just’, ‘now’, ‘already’,) to refer to the timing of an event
If we look at the English Grammar Profile examples for point 36 we see clashing for present perfect points with adverbs. Making it a bit hard to decide if a phrase combining both is a marker of A2 or B1 proficiency.
- Yesterday I went shopping.
- I ‘ve just seen your mail. (B1)
- I am working very hard now because I want to earn some money.
- I‘ve already seen it. (B1)
Note: ‘weekend’ is A1 in the EVP
Next weekend we’re going to see some friends.
A1 learner example:
At the weekends she goes to visit her parents.
First, she made me think about the future.
Arabic female level 3 writing class.
I sleep just one hour, and then I take a shower.
Arabic male level 3 writing class.
After that, we are going to England and other countries in Europe.
Thai male level 5 grammar class.
TLC SPEAKING TEST STUDENT EXAMPLES:
Yesterday I had a problem with my brother.
male Mexico B1
Do you practise any sport now to keep fit?
male Spain B1
A search in iWeb for:
. _MD , * _V
1 . FIRST, IT IS 2933
2 . FIRST, THERE IS 2731
3 . FIRST, YOU CAN 2062
4 . FIRST, YOU NEED 2058
5 . FIRST, LET’S 1464
6 . FIRST, IT ‘S 1421
7 . FIRST, THERE ARE 1316
8 . FIRST, YOU HAVE 1306
9 . SECOND, IT IS 1121
10 . NEXT, YOU WILL 1064
. Then * * *
1 . THEN THERE’S THE 4928
2 . THEN THERE IS THE 4836
3 . THEN, YOU CAN 4548
4 . THEN THERE ARE THE 3751
5 . THEN, IN THE 3552
6 . THEN AGAIN, I 3373
7 . THEN YOU HAVE TO 3183
8 . THEN, WHEN YOU 3141
9 . THEN CLICK ON THE 2586
10 . THEN YOU NEED TO 2454
. After that * *
1 . AFTER THAT, THE 6633
2 . AFTER THAT, YOU 6068
3 . AFTER THAT, I 5569
4 . AFTER THAT, IT 3953
5 . AFTER THAT, WE 2451
6 . AFTER THAT, HE 2142
7 . AFTER THAT, THEY 1841
8 . AFTER THAT YOU CAN 1369
9 . AFTER THAT TIME, 1108
10 . AFTER THAT, SHE 960