FUTURE

‘Future’ can be a tense that expresses actions that have not yet happened.  However, ‘future’ is often expressed in many ways.

future perfect passive

Here’s an EXPERT EXAMPLE of future perfect passive: If you live to 90, then 32 years will have been spent entirely asleep. TED PEARSON GSE 67 B2+ future perfect passive simple is oddly unlisted in the English Grammar Profile.  The EGP does have perfect passive at B2, but no mention of it with ‘will have been + past participle’.  For that reason here we …

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‘ONLY IF’ + (inverted conditional)

GSE 71 B2+ describe present or future outcomes of a hypothetical situation using initial ‘only if’ with inversion of subject and object. ‘Only if’ + first/second conditional with inversion The complexity of this structure is highly unlikely to be B2 as Pearson has it listed.  The most similar EGP construction is ‘Only when’ + first …

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adverb + GOING TO

Point 34 in the category of FUTURE: ‘be going to’ with a  limited range of adverbs, after the auxiliary be form, in the normal mid position. The EGP examples of adverbs include ‘never’ and ‘really’. An iWeb search for: _VB _RR _VVGK *we removed the past forms of BE 1 ‘M JUST GOING 10741 TLC …

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WILL (plan)

Point 33 in the category of FUTURE is defined: future simple: FIXED PLANS WITH ‘WILL’ often with timetabled times and dates. *Also see will-future-simple PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I will go to New York on Thanksgiving day. Korean female level 2 writing class.

going to + INFINITVE

Point 31 in the category of FUTURE is defined: ‘be going to’:  increasing range of verbs to make predictions. * Note, there is no other entry for this structure with lexical verbs in the EGP.  There are other points for a combination with adverbs though.  So whether or not they are used for predictions doesn’t …

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will not be VERBing

Point 32 in the category of FUTURE is defined: future continuous NEGATIVE WITH ‘WILL’ (won’t) An iWeb search for: wo|will _X be _VVG 1 WO N’T BE GETTING 2959 2 WO N’T BE GOING 2821 3 WO N’T BE USING 2817 4 WILL NOT BE USING 2040 5 WO N’T BE MAKING 1550 6 WILL …

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not be going to

Point 26 in the category of FUTURE is defined: the negative form of ‘be going to’ to talk about plans and intentions An iWeb search for: _XX _VVGK _T _VVI 1 NOT GOING TO GET 20965 2 NOT GOING TO HAPPEN 14351 3 NOT GOING TO GO 10194 4 NOT GOING TO MAKE 9409 5 …

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future in the past

The English Grammar Profile (EGP) B1 point 23 in the category of future is defined: past form of ‘be’ + ‘going to’ (future in the past) EGP B1 point 36 in FUTURE  is defined: PLANS IN THE PAST (often followed by ‘but’) to talk about a plan, sometimes one that may have changed. These grammar …

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present perfect simple negative + YET

Point 13 in the category of PAST is defined: present perfect simple negative with ‘yet’ to talk about events which are expected to be completed at some point in the future. 1 HAS N’T HAPPENED YET 1853 2 HAVE N’T SEEN YET 777 3 HAVEN’T DECIDED YET 699 PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I haven’t decided yet, but maybe I will buy a snowboard here and try the …

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may (modal verb)

Point 34 and 48 in the category of MODALITY are defined as: ‘may’ to talk about weak possibility referring to the present and the future affirmative An iWeb search for: may_VM _VVI 1 MAY NEED 294017 2 MAY WANT 253501 3 MAY TAKE 159078 4 MAY INCLUDE 156112 Hannah’s friends, whose needs may include personal or professional problems, depend on her often for her knowledge, understanding and skills. PELIC writing class, …

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BE + being + PAST PARTICIPLE

There are two B1 passive grammar points that overlap to some degree. B1 point 7 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PRESENT CONTINUOUS, AFFIRMATIVE limited range of verbs B1 point 9 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PRESENT CONTINUOUS, FUTURE REFERENCE There are no examples of this grammar in the TLC …

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if CLAUSE + will CLAUSE (FUTURE CONDITIONAL)

Point 29 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘will’ in the main clause after an ‘if-‘ clause to talk about possible future situations. ADVANCED EXAMPLES: If both choose to spare the other, the fox will eat just one of each of their limbs. If one chooses to spare while the other sacrifices, the sparer will be fully eaten while the traitor will run away with all his limbs intact. Finally, if both choose to sacrifice, the fox will eat 3 limbs from each. iWeb doesn’t allow us to search easily …

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If + PRESENT SIMPLE + MODAL

B1 Point 74 in CLAUSES/conditional is defined as: PRESENT SIMPLE ‘IF’ CLAUSE + MODAL, FUTURE, POSSIBLE OUTCOME: introduce a possible future condition, with modal verbs in the main clause, to talk about a possible result. *This point should mention which modal verbs. Because the use of ‘can’ is A2. The use of ‘will’ is also …

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may | might + FUTURE CONTINUOUS

Point 65 in future is defined as: EXPECTATIONS WITH ‘MIGHT’ OR ‘MAY’ potentially in progress at a specified or understood time in the future. A search in iWeb: might|may_V be _VVG *Not all of these are about the future.   1 MAY BE WONDERING 10730 2 MAY BE LOOKING 8324 3 MIGHT BE WONDERING 7987 4 …

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will have + ADVERB + PAST PARTICIPLE

Point 61 in FUTURE is defined as: future perfect simple with adverbs in the normal mid-position For example: Something somewhere will always have changed.   An iWeb search for: will _R have _VVN 1 WILL PROBABLY HAVE NOTICED 102 2 WILL NEVER HAVE HEARD 85 3 WILL PROBABLY HAVE HEARD 82 4 WILL PROBABLY HAVE …

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