future in the past

The English Grammar Profile (EGP) B1 point 23 in the category of future is defined:

past form of ‘be’ + ‘going to’ (future in the past)

EGP B1 point 36 in FUTURE  is defined:

PLANS IN THE PAST (often followed by ‘but’) to talk about a plan, sometimes one that may have changed.


These grammar constructions can be extended with Pearson’s:

GSE 57 B1+

‘thought’ + past tense referring to expectations.

For example: ‘I thought you were going to help me.’


A search in iWeb for:

_VBD _VVGK _T _VVI

1 WAS GOING TO GET 12193
2 WAS GOING TO HAPPEN 11408
3 WAS GOING TO GO 8159
4 WAS GOING TO MAKE 7909
5 WERE GOING TO GET 7616
6 WAS GOING TO TAKE 7564
7 WAS GOING TO SAY 6166
8 WAS GOING TO DIE 5523
9 WERE GOING TO GO 4698
10 WAS GOING TO USE 4551
11 WERE GOING TO MAKE 4545
12 WERE GOING TO TAKE 4383
13 WAS GOING TO COME 3877
14 WERE GOING TO USE 3748
15 WAS GOING TO TRY 3366
16 WERE GOING TO SEE 3192
17 WAS GOING TO GIVE 3062
18 WERE GOING TO TALK 2873
19 WAS GOING TO BUY 2683
20 WAS GOING TO ASK 2585
21 WAS GOING TO PUT 2406
22 WAS GOING TO KILL 2404
23 WERE GOING TO START 2302
24 WERE GOING TO LOOK 2223
25 WERE GOING TO TRY 2146
26 WAS GOING TO START 2123
27 WERE GOING TO NEED 2030
28 WAS GOING TO END 1961
29 WAS GOING TO WRITE 1959
30 WAS GOING TO PLAY 1955
31 WAS GOING TO WIN 1922
32 WERE GOING TO GIVE 1867
33 WAS GOING TO LEAVE 1589
34 WAS GOING TO CHANGE 1577
35 WERE GOING TO PUT 1496
36 WAS GOING TO LOSE 1495
37 WAS GOING TO COST 1486
38 WAS GOING TO SEE 1444
39 WAS GOING TO RUN 1397
40 WAS GOING TO NEED 1394
41 WERE GOING TO SHOW 1376
42 WERE GOING TO COME 1357
43 WERE GOING TO WIN 1341
44 WAS GOING TO LOOK 1324
45 WAS GOING TO BECOME 1316


46 WAS GOING TO TELL 1315

PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE:

When he started talking,

was curious about the next things that he was going to tell me.

male, level 4 writing class.


47 WERE GOING TO SAY 1286
48 WERE GOING TO KEEP 1272
49 WERE GOING TO PLAY 1248
50 WAS GOING TO TURN 1244
51 WAS GOING TO STOP 1241
52 WAS GOING TO SUGGEST 1227
53 WAS GOING TO CALL 1212
54 WAS GOING TO KEEP 1147
55 WAS GOING TO PAY 1147
56 WAS GOING TO BRING 1134
57 WAS GOING TO HELP 1100
58 WERE GOING TO FOCUS 1055
59 WERE GOING TO BUILD 1041
60 WAS GOING TO STAY 1015
61 WERE GOING TO DIE 1000
62 WERE GOING TO LOSE 994
63 WAS GOING TO FIND 986
64 WAS GOING TO SEND 968
65 WAS GOING TO BREAK 963
66 WAS GOING TO PASS 959
67 WERE GOING TO CONTINUE 957
68 WAS GOING TO FALL 955
69 WAS GOING TO LET 948
70 WERE GOING TO FIND 948
71 WAS GOING TO THROW 945
72 WERE GOING TO ADD 929
73 WERE GOING TO BUY 884
74 WERE GOING TO CREATE 874
75 WAS GOING TO SPEND 866
76 WAS GON NA GET 865
77 WERE GOING TO SPEND 854
78 WAS GOING TO HIT 834
79 WAS GOING TO ADD 811
80 WAS GON NA SAY 805
81 WAS GOING TO BUILD 804
82 WERE GOING TO RUN 796
83 WAS GOING TO MOVE 795
84 WAS GOING TO SELL 789
85 WAS GOING TO LIVE 775
86 WAS GOING TO SHOW 775
87 WAS GOING TO MEET 738
88 WERE GOING TO CHANGE 735
89 WAS GOING TO MISS 732
90 WERE GOING TO MOVE 695
91 WAS GOING TO MARRY 682
92 WAS GON NA GO 673
93 WAS GOING TO WAIT 665
94 WAS GOING TO SHOOT 664
95 WERE GOING TO COVER 651
96 WERE GOING TO KILL 645
97 WAS GOING TO PICK 635
98 WAS GOING TO EXPLODE 630
99 WERE GOING TO BREAK 622
100 WERE GOING TO TELL 601


A2:

add, become, break, bring, build, call, cost, cover, fall, going to, happen, hit,

keep, kill, let, lose, move, pass, pick, sell, spend, throw, try, turn, win
B1:
continue, create, explode, marry, shoot, suggest

B2:

focus


EXPERT EXAMPLE:

My own grandma was going to meet someone somewhere

to give money to whom she believed was one of her grandchildren,

but thankfully my aunt was alerted to what was happening,

stopped the interaction and called authorities.

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