There are 5 formally related grammar points in the English Grammar Profile in the category of FUTURE/perfect simple with ‘will.’

B1 Point 48 is defined as

AFFIRMATIVE

B2 point 52 is defined as:

something which is expected to be completed (or not completed) by a certain point in the future.

B2 point 40 is defined as:

negativeform

C1 point 59 is defined as:

make assumptions about the present, particularly with ‘you’.

C1 point 64 is defined as:

‘will’ as a politeness strategy, often in formal contexts.

iWeb search **will have vvn:**

1 WILL HAVE SEEN 3087

2 WILL HAVE MADE 2245

3 WILL HAVE COMPLETED 2096

## 4 WILL HAVE NOTICED 2077

further collocates:

1 YOU (PPY ) 1272

2 READERS (NN2 ) 123

3 AMONG (II ) 49

**will have noticed**there is a lot of misinformation and fake news circulating.

5 WILL HAVE LOST 1750

6 WILL HAVE LEARNED 1720

7 WILL HAVE TAKEN 1706

8 WILL HAVE HEARD 1627

9 WILL HAVE CHANGED 1548

10 WILL HAVE RECEIVED 1499

11 WILL HAVE GONE 1421

12 WILL HAVE INCREASED 1415

13 WILL HAVE COME 1408

14 WILL HAVE LIMITED 1362

15 WILL HAVE GAINED 1333

16 WILL HAVE DEVELOPED 1252

17 WILL HAVE SPENT 1245

18 WILL HAVE BECOME 1177

19 WILL HAVE PAID 1142

20 WILL HAVE EARNED 1100

21 WILL HAVE CREATED 1074

22 WILL HAVE PASSED 978

23 WILL HAVE MOVED 954

24 WILL HAVE GIVEN 951

25 WILL HAVE WORKED 908

26 WILL HAVE REACHED 892

27 WILL HAVE PLAYED 827

28 WILL HAVE LEFT 822

29 WILL HAVE DEMONSTRATED 818

30 WILL HAVE EXPERIENCED 810

31 WILL HAVE GROWN 798

32 WILL HAVE READ 777

33 WILL HAVE FOUND 766

34 WILL HAVE ACHIEVED 710

35 WILL HAVE MET 660

36 WILL HAVE BUILT 654

37 WILL HAVE IMPROVED 587

38 WILL HAVE REDUCED 586

39 WILL HAVE PROVEN 569

40 WILL HAVE USED 569

41 WILL HAVE ADDED 568

42 WILL HAVE SAVED 563

43 WILL HAVE ACQUIRED 555

44 WILL HAVE STARTED 547

45 WILL HAVE SET 530

46 WILL HAVE FORGOTTEN 501

47 WILL HAVE FAILED 495

48 WILL HAVE GOTTEN 474

49 WILL HAVE MISSED 455

50 WILL HAVE PUT 454

51 WILL HAVE HELPED 442

52 WILL HAVE TURNED 439

53 WILL HAVE SERVED 408

54 WILL HAVE WON 403

55 WILL HAVE FALLEN 388

56 WILL HAVE DISAPPEARED 384

57 WILL HAVE FINISHED 382

58 WILL HAVE BEGUN 378

59 WILL HAVE RISEN 369

60 WILL HAVE LEARNT 360

61 WILL HAVE DIED 345

62 WILL HAVE DROPPED 344

63 WILL HAVE PROVIDED 341

64 WILL HAVE ARRIVED 320

65 WILL HAVE WRITTEN 314

66 WILL HAVE NOTED 297

67 WILL HAVE RUN 296

68 WILL HAVE ACCOMPLISHED 291

69 WILL HAVE GOT 280

70 WILL HAVE WASTED 278

71 WILL HAVE COVERED 272

72 WILL HAVE ESTABLISHED 267

73 WILL HAVE ACCUMULATED 266

74 WILL HAVE MASTERED 260

75 WILL HAVE FORMED 244

76 WILL HAVE PRODUCED 242

77 WILL HAVE OCCURRED 241

78 WILL HAVE KNOWN 240

79 WILL HAVE SUCCEEDED 236

80 WILL HAVE SHOWN 234

81 WILL HAVE RETURNED 233

82 WILL HAVE DOUBLED 229

83 WILL HAVE INVESTED 228

84 WILL HAVE RAISED 226

85 WILL HAVE BROUGHT 222

86 WILL HAVE SUFFERED 222

87 WILL HAVE CONTRIBUTED 217

88 WILL HAVE HAPPENED 216

89 WILL HAVE CHOSEN 214

90 WILL HAVE OPENED 213

91 WILL HAVE LIVED 210

92 WILL HAVE ATTAINED 209

93 WILL HAVE DISCOVERED 208

94 WILL HAVE CAUSED 205

95 WILL HAVE BROKEN 201

96 WILL HAVE FULFILLED 197

97 WILL HAVE BOUGHT 197

98 WILL HAVE DEDICATED 196

99 WILL HAVE ENCOUNTERED 196

100 WILL HAVE PICKED 194

A search on iWeb for the **negative** shows these are the 3 main past participles.

## 1 SEEN 135

**Readers, of course, will not have seen**frantic news reports about such a large-scale crisis emanating from one of the labs conducting research on enhanced avian influenzas.

## 2 HEARD 111

**most travellers will not have heard**of them.

## 3 CHANGED 104

**will not have changed**,” Swann said.

acquired, caused, contributed, demonstrated, doubled, encountered, established, invested, occurred, suffered

C1:

accomplished, attained, dedicated, fulfilled