be

BE + NOT + ADJECTIVE + THAT+ CLAUSE

C1 point 197 in MODALITY/expressions with ‘be’ is defined as: HEDGING ‘be’ + ‘not’ + adjective + ‘that-‘ clause to make an assertion less direct The EGP adjectives include: ‘certain’, ‘likely’ and ‘sure’ which are all related to hedging and modality such as certainty and probability. A search in iWeb for: _VB _XX _J that_C …

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BE + -WN passive suffix

After ‘BE’, a word ending with ‘wn’ is usually past participle. The exceptions are ‘down’, ‘brown’, ‘well-known’ and ‘unknown’. 1 IS (VBZ) KNOWN (VVN) 377649 2 ARE (VBR) KNOWN (VVN) 143646 3 IS (VBZ) SHOWN (VVN) 130843 4 BEEN (VBN) SHOWN (VVN) 110513 5 BE (VBI) SHOWN (VVN) 83516 6 BEEN (VBN) KNOWN (VVN) 80984 …

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What does ‘s mean?

‘s firstly following proper noun as a possessive marker, or contracted ‘is‘. Then it could be ‘has‘ or the second part of a modal: ‘Let‘s go!’ 1 ‘S (GE) 36030994 genetive 2 ‘S (VBZ) 24517319 is 5 ‘S (VHZ) 1063909 has 7 ‘S (VM22) 864498 ‘let’s not’ is B2 If we look at large Ngrams …

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BEING

1 BEING (VBG) 9992604 5 BEING (NN1) 115809 6 BEING (RT44) 37549

‘WH’ questions

‘WH-‘ questions expect a reply that supplies information. The wh-word can be a pronoun: What made you think that? (listen to this question) adverb: Where did it go? (listen) or a determiner: Which part? (listen) Here are many entries at A2 in the English Grammar Profile that catch the same question complexity. Point 2 in the category of …

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