‘set to’ just means: be ready or prepared to do something.   C1 English Grammar Profile point 209 in MODALITY  is defined as: ‘BE SET TO’ – strong assertion about the future, especially in institutional contexts An iWeb search for: _VB set to _VVI 1 IS SET TO TAKE 4027 2 IS SET TO BEGIN 3858 3 IS SET TO OPEN …

BE set to INFINITIVE Read More »

BE + not + ADJECTIVE + that + CLAUSE

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 197 in MODALITY/expressions with ‘be’ is defined as: HEDGING ‘be’ + ‘not’ + adjective + ‘that-‘ clause to make an assertion less direct The EGP adjectives include: ‘certain’, ‘likely’ and ‘sure’ which are all related to hedging and modality such as certainty and probability. A search in iWeb for: …

BE + not + ADJECTIVE + that + CLAUSE Read More »


The word with an ‘-ed’ ending is usually a past particple.  The adjective exceptions such as ‘interested’,’involved’,’used to’ are rarer. 1 IS BASED (VVN) ON 327426 The system is based on the rules of a building. The Matrix Reloaded 2 BE (VBI) USED (VVN) FOR (IF) 273383 3 ARE (VBR) INTERESTED (JJ) IN (II) 192417 4 BE (VBI) USED (VVN) IN (II) …

BE + *ed + PREPOSITION Read More »

BE + *WN word ending

After ‘BE’, a word ending with ‘wn’ is usually past participle. Some exceptions are ‘known’ (where it might be an adjective) ‘down’, ‘brown’, ‘well-known’ and ‘unknown’. 1 IS KNOWN  377649 Unfortunately, that is what is known as a conflict of interest. listen 2 ARE KNOWN  143646 3 IS (VBZ) SHOWN (VVN) 130843 4 BEEN SHOWN 110513 It has not been shown to the court‘s satisfaction  that these particular Africans fit that description. …

BE + *WN word ending Read More »

BE + -ught word ending

There are only a few in a hundred times that ought does not mark a past particple after a form of the ‘BE’ verb. 1 BE (VBI) BROUGHT (VVN) 83149 2 WAS (VBDZ) BROUGHT (VVN) 73072 3 IS (VBZ) THOUGHT (VVN) 64778 4 BE (VBI) TAUGHT (VVN) 43927 5 IS (VBZ) BROUGHT (VVN) 42006 6 …

BE + -ught word ending Read More »

What does ‘s mean?

‘s firstly following proper noun as a possessive marker, or contracted ‘is‘. Then it could be ‘has‘ or the second part of a modal: ‘Let‘s go!’ 1 ‘S (GE) 36030994 genetive 2 ‘S (VBZ) 24517319 is 5 ‘S (VHZ) 1063909 has 7 ‘S (VM22) 864498 ‘let’s not’ is B2 If we look at large Ngrams …

What does ‘s mean? Read More »


The word ‘being‘ is most often used as a verb, but also a noun (human being, comes into being) and in a time adverbial phrase (for the time being). Here are the search results in NOW corpus for: * * _VBG * * ADDRESS BEFORE BEING ALLOWED TO At least, you didn’t require readers to log in with an email address before being allowed to read it! The rest of …

BEING Read More »

BE + not

Here is a comprehensive analysis of the most common “BE + NOT” forms in English, essential for expressing negation. The forms are listed in order of their frequency in the iWeb corpus. The top three forms are “is not”, “are not”, and “isn’t”, used in various contexts to deny or contradict assertions, form negative statements, and express doubt or uncertainty. Other forms like “’s not”, “was not”, “wasn’t”, “I’m not”, “aren’t”, and “were not” are also discussed with examples illustrating their usage.