What does ‘s mean?

‘s firstly following proper noun as a possessive marker, or contracted ‘is‘. Then it could be ‘has‘ or the second part of a modal: ‘Let‘s go!’

  • 1 ‘S (GE) 36030994 genetive
  • 2 ‘S (VBZ) 24517319 is
  • 5 ‘S (VHZ) 1063909 has
  • 7 ‘S (VM22) 864498 ‘let’s not’ is B2

If we look at large Ngrams that are open with * 's * * * we see that ‘it is’ is most frequent.

1 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) +

GOING (VVGK) TO (TO) BE (VBI) 72951

2 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) LOT (NN1) OF (IO) 63412

ONE (MC1) OF (IO) THE (AT) 42763
A (AT1) GOOD (JJ) IDEA (NN1) 33650

5 LET (VM21) ‘S (VM22) TAKE (VVI) A (AT1) LOOK (NN1) 30680
6 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) NO (AT) NEED (NN1) TO (TO) 24677

NOT (XX) GOING (VVGK) TO (TO) 22075

8 MEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) AND (CC) WOMEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 18303
9 LET (VM21) ‘S (VM22) FACE (VVI) IT (PPH1) , (,) 17875

 UP (II21) TO (II22) YOU (PPY) 17340

11 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) ONE (MC1) OF (IO) THE (AT) 16557

EASY (JJ) TO (TO) SEE (VVI) 16322

13 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) NOT (XX) TO (TO) SAY (VVI) 16104
14 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) WHY (RRQ) IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) 15086

A (AT1) GREAT (JJ) WAY (NN1) 14807

16 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVG) ON (RP@) . (.) 13875

MPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) NOTE (VVI) 13441

18 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) GOOD (JJ) CHANCE (NN1) 13421

SAFE (JJ) TO (TO) SAY (VVI) 12993

20 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVGK) TO (TO) BE (VBI) 12926
21 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) NO (AT) WAY (NN1) TO (TO) 12857

NOT (XX) JUST (RR) THE (AT) 12770

23 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) LOT (NN1) OF (IO) 12632

ONE (MC1) OF (IO) THOSE (DD2) 12160

25 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVG) ON (RP@) IN (II) 12115

ALL (DB_RR@) ABOUT (II) THE (AT) 12046
A (AT1) MATTER (NN1) OF (IO) 11789

28 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) NOTHING (PN1) WRONG (JJ_RR@) WITH (IW) 11716

ALSO (RR) IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) 11586
EASY (JJ) TO (TO) GET (VVI) 11511
IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) REMEMBER (VVI) 11452
A (AT1) LOT (NN1) OF (IO) 11449
TIME (NNT1) TO (TO) GET (VVI) 10901
JUST (RR) A (AT1) MATTER (NN1) 10818

35 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) THE (AT) CASE (NN1) , (,) 10781

36 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVGK) TO (TO) TAKE (VVI) 10776
37 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NOT (XX) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) 10712
38 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) VERY (RG) EASY (JJ) TO (TO) 10600
39 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NO (AT) SURPRISE (NN1) THAT (CST) 10562

40 HERE (RL) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) LOOK (NN1) AT (II) 10537

41 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) IMAGINE (VVI) 10520
42 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) BIT (NN1) OF (IO) 10355

43 LET (VM21) ‘S (VM22) LOOK (VVI) AT (II) THE (AT) 10287

44 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NOT (XX) JUST (RR21) ABOUT (RR22) 10253

45 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVGK) TO (TO) HAPPEN (VVI) 10114

46 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) BELIEVE (VVI) 10095

47 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) NO (AT) REASON (NN1) TO (TO) 9863

48 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) GOOD (JJ) THING (NN1) 9750
49 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) IMPORTANT (JJ) THAT (CST) YOU (PPY) 9727

50 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) THE (AT) DIFFERENCE (NN1) BETWEEN (II) 9714

51 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VHZ) BEEN (VBN) A (AT1) WHILE (NNT1@) 9685
52 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) SAY (VVI) 9626
53 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) KNOW (VVI) 9340
54 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) FAIR (JJ_RR@) TO (TO) SAY (VVI) 9258
55 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VHZ) BEEN (VBN) A (AT1) LONG (JJ) 9246
56 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NOT (XX) JUST (RR) A (AT1) 9121

57 HERE (RL) ‘S (VBZ) A (AT1) LIST (NN1) OF (IO) 9034

58 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) UNDERSTAND (VVI) 8999

59 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) WHY (RRQ) I (PPIS1) ‘M (VBM) 8895
60 HE (PPHS1) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVGK) TO (TO) BE (VBI) 8816
61 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) WHAT (DDQ) I (PPIS1) ‘M (VBM) 8784

62 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (RR) NOT (XX) TO (TO) 8582
63 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) SUPPOSED (JJ) TO (TO) BE (VBI) 8580

64 HE (PPHS1) ‘S (VBZ_VHZ@) ONE (MC1) OF (IO) THE (AT) 8541

65 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) MORE (DAR) OF (IO) A (AT1) 8426
66 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) PART (NN1) OF (IO) THE (AT) 8178
67 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) GREAT (JJ) TO (TO) SEE (VVI) 8123
68 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) THE (AT) FIRST (MD) TIME (NNT1) 8112
69 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NOT (XX) EASY (JJ) TO (TO) 8019

70 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) MORE (RRR_DAR) , (,) THE (AT) 7949

71 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NO (AT) SECRET (NN1_JJ) THAT (CST) 7940
72 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) KEEP (VVI) 7802

73 HERE (RL) ‘S (VBZ) WHAT (DDQ) YOU (PPY) NEED (VV0) 7797
74 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) WHY (RRQ) WE (PPIS2) ‘RE (VBR) 7736
75 LET (VM21) ‘S (VM22) START (VVI) WITH (IW) THE (AT) 7689

76 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) GON (VVGK) NA (TO) BE (VBI) 7620
77 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) HAVE (VHI) 7603

78 THERE (EX) ‘S (VBZ) NO (AT) SUCH (DA) THING (NN1) 7497

79 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) FIND (VVI) 7455

80 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) NOT (XX) THE (AT) CASE (NN1) 7449

81 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) TIME (NNT1) TO (TO) START (VVI) 7437
82 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) TOO (RG) LATE (JJ) . (.) 7394
83 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) VERY (RG) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) 7385
84 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) SO (RG_RR) EASY (JJ) TO (TO) 7346
85 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) TELL (VVI) 7312
86 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NICE (JJ) TO (TO) HAVE (VHI) 7312
87 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) NICE (JJ) TO (TO) SEE (VVI) 7273
88 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) KIND (RR21%_NN1) OF (RR22_IO) A (AT1) 7262

89 THAT (DD1) ‘S (VBZ) WHAT (DDQ) WE (PPIS2) ‘RE (VBR) 7192

90 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) TIME (NNT1) FOR (IF) A (AT1) 7175
91 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) GET (VVI) 7131
92 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) UP (II21) TO (II22) THE (AT) 7082
93 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) IMPORTANT (JJ) TO (TO) BE (VBI) 7043

94 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) THE (AT) BEST (JJT) WAY (NN1) 6972
95 WHAT (DDQ) ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVG) ON (RP@) , (,) 6957

96 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) TIME (NNT1) FOR (IF) THE (AT) 6951
97 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) REALLY (RR) HARD (JJ) TO (TO) 6941
98 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) MUCH (RR_DA1) EASIER (JJR) TO (TO) 6881

99 HERE (RL) ‘S (VBZ) HOW (RRQ) IT (PPH1) WORKS (VVZ) 6802

100 IT (PPH1) ‘S (VBZ) THAT (DD1) TIME (NNT1) OF (IO) 6776


It is really hard to catch!

1 ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVGK) 271437
2 ‘S (VBZ) SOMETHING (PN1) 171869
3 ‘S (VBZ) NOTHING (PN1) 129764
4 ‘S (VBZ) GOING (VVG) 120600
5 ‘S (VBZ) BEING (VBG) 52717
6 ‘S (VBZ) DOING (VDG) 45472

7 ‘S (VBZ) HAPPENING (VVG) 43885
8 ‘S (GE) LEADING (JJ_VVG) 43170
9 ‘S (VBZ) GETTING (VVG) 41304
10 ‘S (VBZ) COMING (VVG) 36029
11 ‘S (VBZ) INTERESTING (JJ) 33668
12 ‘S (GE) LEADING (JJ) 28375
13 ‘S (VBZ) AMAZING (JJ) 27771
14 ‘S (VBZ) WORKING (VVG) 26003
15 ‘S (VBZ) LOOKING (VVG) 25764
16 ‘S (VBZ) TRYING (VVG) 22040
17 ‘S (GE) WEDDING (NN1) 19328
18 ‘S (VBZ) MAKING (VVG) 17749
19 ‘S (VBZ) HAPPENING (VVG_NN1) 16769
20 ‘S (VBZ) TAKING (VVG) 15998
21 ‘S (VBZ) ANYTHING (PN1) 15426
22 ‘S (GE) CLOTHING (NN1) 14067
23 ‘S (VBZ) TALKING (VVG) 13243
24 ‘S (VBZ) PLAYING (VVG) 13104
25 ‘S (VBZ) HAVING (VHG) 12972
26 ‘S (GE) TRAINING (NN1) 12775
27 ‘S (GE) EXISTING (JJ) 12503
28 ‘S (VBZ) SAYING (VVG) 12402
29 ‘S (GE) MARKETING (NN1) 12303
30 ‘S (VBZ) HOPING (VVG) 12006
31 ‘S (VBZ) BECOMING (VVG) 10760
32 ‘S (GE) ONGOING (JJ) 10564
33 ‘S (VBZ) AMAZING (JJ_VVG%) 10557
34 ‘S (VBZ) EXCITING (JJ) 10535
35 ‘S (VBZ) USING (VVG) 10515
36 ‘S (GE) GROWING (JJ) 9850
37 ‘S (VBZ) STARTING (VVG) 9834
38 ‘S (GE) MEETING (NN1) 9662
39 ‘S (GE_VBZ) LEADING (JJ_VVG) 9426
40 ‘S (GE) UPCOMING (JJ) 9265
41 ‘S (VBZ) CAUSING (VVG) 9046
42 ‘S (VBZ) EVERYTHING (PN1) 8753
43 ‘S (GE) UNDERSTANDING (NN1) 8516
44 ‘S (GE) LEARNING (NN1_VVG) 7745
45 ‘S (GE) LANDING (NN1_VVG) 7332
46 ‘S (GE) RULING (NN1_JJ) 7323
47 ‘S (VBZ) RUNNING (VVG) 6982
48 ‘S (GE) LEADING (VVG_JJ) 6893
49 ‘S (GE) BUILDING (NN1) 6868
50 ‘S (VBZ) TEMPTING (JJ) 6775
51 ‘S (VBZ) WILLING (JK) 6726
52 ‘S (GE) WRITING (NN1) 6681
53 ‘S (GE) HANDLING (NN1) 6547
54 ‘S (VBZ) FRUSTRATING (JJ) 6397
55 ‘S (VBZ) GIVING (VVG) 6324
56 ‘S (VBZ) WEARING (VVG) 6270
57 ‘S (GE) OPERATING (NN1_VVG) 6126
58 ‘S (GE) SPRING (NN1) 6121
59 ‘S (VBZ_GE) LEADING (VVG_JJ) 5891
60 ‘S (GE) OUTSTANDING (JJ) 5850
61 ‘S (VBZ) TELLING (VVG) 5728
62 ‘S (VBZ) MISSING (VVG_JJ) 5673
63 ‘S (VBZ) HOLDING (VVG) 5644
64 ‘S (GE) AMAZING (JJ) 5643
65 ‘S (GE) RING (NN1) 5483
66 ‘S (VBZ) SITTING (VVG) 5329
67 ‘S (VBZ) RAINING (VVG) 5026
68 ‘S (VBZ) MOVING (VVG) 4917
69 ‘S (GE) MANUFACTURING (NN1) 4817
70 ‘S (VBZ) RUNNING (VVG_JJ) 4732
71 ‘S (GE) AWARD-WINNING (JJ) 4703
72 ‘S (VBZ) PUTTING (VVG) 4691
73 ‘S (VBZ) ASKING (VVG) 4455
74 ‘S (VBZ) SHOWING (VVG) 4425
75 ‘S (GE) HOUSING (NN1_VVG) 4408
76 ‘S (GE) OPENING (NN1_VVG_JJ@) 4385
77 ‘S (GE) ENGINEERING (NN1) 4359
78 ‘S (VBZ) DRIVING (VVG) 4279
79 ‘S (VBZ) HELPING (VVG) 4252
80 ‘S (GE) HEARING (NN1) 4243
81 ‘S (VBZ) KEEPING (VVG) 4209
82 ‘S (GE) OPENING (NN1_JJ@) 4159
83 ‘S (GE) FUNDING (NN1) 4139
84 ‘S (GE) MORNING (NNT1) 4127
85 ‘S (GE) BEST-SELLING (JJ) 4122
86 ‘S (GE) STUNNING (JJ) 4122
87 ‘S (VBZ) WORKING (VVG_JJ@) 4050
88 ‘S (GE) WRITING (NN1_VVG) 4035
89 ‘S (GE) PARKING (NN1) 3975
90 ‘S (GE) KING (NN1) 3961
91 ‘S (GE_VBZ) EXISTING (JJ) 3891
92 ‘S (GE) WELL-BEING (NN1) 3849
93 ‘S (GE) OPERATING (NN1) 3838
94 ‘S (VBZ) SURPRISING (JJ) 3813
95 ‘S (GE) HOUSING (NN1) 3803
96 ‘S (GE) MEETING (NN1_VVG) 3789
97 ‘S (VBZ) FASCINATING (JJ) 3762
98 ‘S (GE) PLANNING (NN1_VVG) 3703
99 ‘S (GE) PAINTING (NN1) 3702
100 ‘S (GE_VBZ) UPCOMING (JJ) 3677


Preposition + Noun + ‘s

Here it is always the possessive marker.

1 OF (IO) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 60567
2 OF (IO) AMERICA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 41720
3 OF (IO) CANADA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 33891
4 OF (IO) AUSTRALIA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 30154
5 OF (IO) WOMEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 23094
6 IN (II) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 20856
7 OF (IO) CHILDREN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 16408
8 OF (IO) EUROPE (NP1) ‘S (GE) 15923
9 OF (IO) BRITAIN (NP1) ‘S (GE) 15633
10 OF (IO) TRUMP (NN1) ‘S (GE) 14978
11 OF (IO) LONDON (NP1) ‘S (GE) 14226
12 OF (IO) IRELAND (NP1) ‘S (GE) 13663
13 OF (IO) CHINA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 13269
14 IN (II) PEOPLE (NN) ‘S (GE) 12878
15 OF (IO) PEOPLE (NN) ‘S (GE) 12773
16 OF (IO) CHRIST (NP1) ‘S (GE) 12676
17 TO (II) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 12213
18 FOR (IF) WOMEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 11761
19 FOR (IF) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 11459
20 OF (IO) MEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 10734
21 IN (II) WOMEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 10342
22 OF (IO) LIFE (NN1) ‘S (GE) 10303
23 OF (IO) ENGLAND (NP1) ‘S (GE) 9537
24 ON (II) PEOPLE (NN) ‘S (GE) 8738
25 OF (IO) MAN (NN1) ‘S (GE) 8636
26 FOR (IF) CHILDREN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 8491
27 OF (IO) ALZHEIMER (NP1) ‘S (GE) 8313
28 IN (II) SATURDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 8252
29 OF (IO) EARTH (NN1) ‘S (GE) 8201
30 IN (II) SUNDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 7716
31 IN (II) LONDON (NP1) ‘S (GE) 7483
32 AT (II) LONDON (NP1) ‘S (GE) 7363
33 TO (II) PEOPLE (NN) ‘S (GE) 7113
34 WITH (IW) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 7075
35 IN (II) CANADA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6983
36 OF (IO) SCOTLAND (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6963
37 OF (IO) INDIA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6925
38 OF (IO) APPLE (NN1) ‘S (GE) 6924
39 OF (IO) ISRAEL (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6896
40 OF (IO) CALIFORNIA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6838
41 IN (II) CHILDREN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 6703
42 BY (II) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6698
43 IN (II) AUSTRALIA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6680
44 WITH (IW) ALZHEIMER (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6651
45 OF (IO) SHAKESPEARE (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6497
46 OF (IO) JAPAN (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6378
47 IN (II) AMERICA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6317
48 OF (IO) RUSSIA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6095
49 OF (IO) TORONTO (NP1) ‘S (GE) 6014
50 OF (IO) NATURE (NN1) ‘S (GE) 6001
51 OF (IO) GOOGLE (NP1_NN1) ‘S (GE) 5903
52 ON (II) VALENTINE (NP1) ‘S (GE) 5878
53 IN (II) MEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 5699
54 TO (II) CHILDREN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 5649
55 OF (IO) CHICAGO (NP1) ‘S (GE) 5517
56 TO (II) WOMEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 5432
57 FOR (IF) VALENTINE (NP1) ‘S (GE) 5304
58 ON (II) WOMEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 5288
59 AT (II) QUEEN (NP1@_NN1) ‘S (GE) 5155
60 OF (IO) GERMANY (NP1) ‘S (GE) 5073
61 TO (II) AMERICA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 5019
62 ON (II) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4929
63 OF (IO) OBAMA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4914
64 IN (II) CHINA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4852
65 TO (II) TRUMP (NN1) ‘S (GE) 4820
66 OF (IO) EDUCATION (NN1) ‘S (GE) 4805
67 OF (IO) MICROSOFT (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4780
68 OF (IO) STATE (NN1_NP1@) ‘S (GE) 4724
69 AT (II) KING (NP1@_NN1) ‘S (GE) 4697
70 TO (II) CANADA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4660
71 IN (II) FRIDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 4651
72 OF (IO) FLORIDA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4592
73 OF (IO) FRANCE (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4587
74 FOR (IF) AMERICA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4543
75 WITH (IW) PARKINSON (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4291
76 FOR (IF) MEN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 4284
77 OF (IO) ITALY (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4267
78 FOR (IF) SATURDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 4257
79 OF (IO) PAUL (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4227
80 AT (II) CHILDREN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 4213
81 FOR (IF) MOTHER (NN1) ‘S (GE) 4159
82 OF (IO) KING (NN1_NP1@) ‘S (GE) 4119
83 OF (IO) HOLLYWOOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4113
84 IN (II) TUESDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 4058
85 AT (II) ARM (NN1) ‘S (GE) 4048
86 FOR (IF) SUNDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 4033
87 OF (IO) ONTARIO (NP1) ‘S (GE) 4003
88 OF (IO) SYDNEY (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3981
89 IN (II) SYDNEY (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3952
90 TO (II) AUSTRALIA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3949
91 FROM (II) GOD (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3938
92 OF (IO) WASHINGTON (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3862
93 OF (IO) MEXICO (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3834
94 ON (II) CHILDREN (NN2) ‘S (GE) 3818
95 OF (IO) PARKINSON (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3758
96 FOR (IF) CANADA (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3720
97 OF (IO) MELBOURNE (NP1) ‘S (GE) 3687
98 IN (II) THURSDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 3643
99 OF (IO) SATURDAY (NPD1) ‘S (GE) 3536
100 ON (II) MOTHER (NN1) ‘S (GE) 3517

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.