Here’s a student example of an adjective followed by a ‘that’ clause.

*However, I am sure that the most useful English for you is American English.*

PELIC Korean male level 4 writing

In the English Grammar Profile (EGP), there are many points that are hard to differentiate and some have conflicting information.

**EGP point 22 MODALITY/adjectives at A2:**

BE’ + ‘

SURE‘ + CLAUSE

**there is no indication of what kind of clause or what type of noun phrase subjects.*

EGP Point** 2 in FOCUS at B1 **is defined as:

‘IT’+ ‘BE’ ADJECTIVE + ‘THAT’ CLAUSE forfocus.

**That B1 point is elaborated on its own page here.*

#### There are three similar points in Modality and adjectives at **B2.**

**EGP**** Point 135** is defined as:

‘it’+linking verb+ adjective + (‘that’) clause as afocusing device.

**EGP Point 175:**

HEDGING: ‘it’ +linking verb+ adjective + (‘that’) clause to make anassertion less direct.

**EGP Point 132**:

‘be’ + ‘obvious/

sure/likely/certain’ followed by a ‘that’-clause

‘sure’ in this structure is also listed at A2

We can extend point 132, with prefixes from Pearson’s **GSE 58 B1+**

express various degrees of likelihood and possibility using complement clauses.

‘It’s(un)certain/(im)probable/(im)possible/(un)likely’ (+ ‘that’) + complement clause

EXAMPLE

It’s unlikely that they’ll come.

It’s possible I’m wrong.

*Since it is unclear if these patterns are B1 or B2, we suggest falling back on the English Vocabulary Profile to give the structures a clearer difference between levels.

The following examples move beyond the linking verb ‘is’ and used vocabulary at the B2 level, so it should make a perfect example of B2 focus:

*Then it became evident that it might be possible to still submit the Murphy case on the basis of the way in which he used the confessional.*

**It was apparent that **Captain Nemo had discovered what mankind has always sought.

iWeb division of the Ngrams for `obvious|sure|likely|certain that`

#### 1 BE SURE THAT 78151

further collocates:

1 YOU 43641

2 CAN 25148

**you can be sure that the reality is**going to deal with you.”

2 ‘M SURE THAT 23164

3 AM SURE THAT 22640

4 ARE SURE THAT 7938

5 WAS SURE THAT 4286

#### 1 IS LIKELY THAT 39195

1 IT (PPH1 ) 40259

2 , (, ) 18977

3 THE (AT ) 11208

4 . (. ) 11200

5 WILL (VM ) 9023

**It is likely that PEPP envelope will be used**in full.

2 ‘S LIKELY THAT 14898

3 WAS LIKELY THAT 1210

4 BE LIKELY THAT 426

5 ARE LIKELY THAT 108

1 BE CERTAIN THAT 10831

2 IS CERTAIN THAT 6006

#### 3 AM CERTAIN THAT 4423

**I am certain that David Coulter will continue**to bring people together and will progress our county forward, focusing on social and civil issues …

**I am certain that, in this way, we will reach**exceptional levels of development and profitability.

4 ARE CERTAIN THAT 3516

5 WAS CERTAIN THAT 2408

1 IS OBVIOUS THAT 14586

#### 2 ‘S OBVIOUS THAT 7046

**It’s obvious that the media´s concern about large gatherings begins**and ends with Trump rallies,’ Murtaugh said.

**It’s obvious that some people live**in a bubble. It’s about time to burst it.

3 WAS OBVIOUS THAT 6793

4 BE OBVIOUS THAT 2539

5 BEEN OBVIOUS THAT 300

1 IT IS IMPORTANT THAT 74176

2 IT IS POSSIBLE THAT 53215

3 IT IS CLEAR THAT 48272

4 IT IS TRUE THAT 41177

5 IT IS LIKELY THAT 38377

6 IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT 20691

7 IT IS UNLIKELY THAT 17893

#### 8 IT WAS CLEAR THAT 17581

**It was clear that many of those featured weren’t**actually ready to get married, including Pradhyuman from Mumbai, who apparently rejected 150 …

9 IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT 16372

10 IT IS OBVIOUS THAT 14241

11 IT IS VITAL THAT 11381

12 IT BECAME CLEAR THAT 10788

13 IT IS EVIDENT THAT 9919

14 IT IS CRITICAL THAT 9821

**15 IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT 7765**

16 IT WAS OBVIOUS THAT 6686

17 IT IS INTERESTING THAT 6505

18 IT IS CRUCIAL THAT 6489

19 IT IS PROBABLE THAT 5614

20 IT BECOMES CLEAR THAT 5341

## 21 IT BECAME APPARENT THAT 5296

**it became apparent that Bill and Lesley needed**help making all this magic happen. They decided to partner with farmers …

22 IT IS APPARENT THAT 5105

23 IT IS NECESSARY THAT 4591

## 24 IT SEEMS UNLIKELY THAT 4562

*It is quite clear that most BE verbs dominate these Ngrams. Therefore we can alter our search to avoid them:

1 IT BECAME CLEAR THAT 10788

2 IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT 7765

3 IT BECOMES CLEAR THAT 5341

4 IT BECAME APPARENT THAT 5296

5 IT SEEMS UNLIKELY THAT 4562

6 IT SEEMS CLEAR THAT 3624

7 IT BECAME OBVIOUS THAT 2426

8 IT BECOMES APPARENT THAT 2379

9 IT SEEMS OBVIOUS THAT 1587

10 IT **BECAME EVIDENT** THAT 1578

11 IT BECOMES OBVIOUS THAT 1374

12 IT SEEMS ODD THAT 1128

13 IT SEEMS STRANGE THAT 1060

14 IT SEEMS LOGICAL THAT 842

15 IT SEEMS PROBABLE THAT 753

16 IT **BECOMES EVIDENT** THAT 752

17 IT SEEMS POSSIBLE THAT 725

18 IT MAKES SURE THAT 589

19 IT SEEMS INEVITABLE THAT 559

20 IT APPEARS LIKELY THAT 552

21 IT SEEMS CERTAIN THAT 519

22 IT SEEMS REASONABLE THAT 432

23 IT SEEMS PLAUSIBLE THAT 405

24 IT SEEMS IMPOSSIBLE THAT 394

25 IT SEEMS APPROPRIATE THAT 319

**26 IT SEEMS APPARENT THAT 301**

27 IT **SEEMS EVIDENT** THAT 274

28 IT SEEMED CLEAR THAT 270

29 IT SEEMS INCREDIBLE THAT 254

**30 IT REMAINS TRUE THAT 250**

**31 IT LOOKS LIKELY THAT 233**

32 IT SEEMED UNLIKELY THAT 195

33 IT SEEMED LIKELY THAT 168

34 IT SEEMED OBVIOUS THAT 157

35 IT SEEMS DOUBTFUL THAT 148

**36 IT APPEARS UNLIKELY THAT 144**