plural

  • a ‘plural’ noun means more than one.
  • The inflectional –s at the end of a noun tell us that the noun is plural,  (Inflections are morphemes that signal the grammatical variants of a word)

nouns only in the plural (agreement)

Here’s an example of the plural only noun ‘pants’ agreeing with the determiner ‘these’ and the verb ‘are’ These pants are lycra. Listen to this sentence. Here’s a student example: His jeans were too tight. PELIC Korean female level 5 listening class. A2 point 16 in the category of NOUNS is defined: NOUNS ONLY USED IN THE PLURAL with plural …

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there is | there are

Although ‘There is’ and ‘There are’ is an A1 elementary piece of grammar, the noun phrases as complements are quite difficult for English learners. The following sentences are corrected sentences from Thai students: There are many religions in Thailand. There are many different cultures and traditions. There are many fresh plants and beautiful flowers. See uncorrected versions here. Point 1 in the category of  VERBS: there is/are + singular noun …

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irregular plural noun + ‘s + noun

Point 44 in the category of DETERMINERS is defined as: ‘S after irregular plural nouns to indicate possession. Here’s an expert example: Women‘s organizations were active participants from the beginning. (Listen to this sentence) A search in iWeb for: _NN2 _GE _NN We removed those that are not irregular. 1 CHILDREN ‘S HOSPITAL 34865 2 MEN ‘S BASKETBALL 22178 3 WOMEN …

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not + any | many | much + NOUN

When grammar points are from the same CEFR level, and in the same category, we believe it is more useful to have a single post that covers them.  Both these A2 points come from the category of DETERMINERS/quantity. Point 15: ‘many’ with plural nouns in negative contexts. Point 23: ‘much’ with uncountable nouns in negative …

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There ‘BE’ a lot of + NOUN

Point 15 in the category of VERBS is defined: ‘there is’ and ‘there are’ + ‘a lot of’ + plural noun iWeb doesn’t allow for longer than 5 token searches: _EX _VB a lot of 1 THERE ARE A LOT OF 145235 2 THERE IS A LOT OF 69785 3 THERE ‘S A LOT OF …

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many + PLURAL NOUN ?

Point 45 in the category of DETERMINERS/quantity is defined as: ‘MANY’ WITH PLURAL NOUNS, INTERROGATIVE An iWeb search for: many _NN2 ? 1 MANY OTHERS ? 293 2 MANY POSSIBILITIES ? 181 3 MANY THINGS ? 168 4 MANY QUESTIONS ? 167 5 MANY OPTIONS ? 126 6 MANY CHILDREN ? 122 7 MANY WAYS …

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several | a few of

Point 39 in the category of DETERMINERS is defined as: wide range of quantifying determiners with plural nouns (‘several’, ‘millions of’, ‘a few of’). *Note that if ‘millions of’ is used as hyperbole, then it is a C1 point. TLC, Speaking test examples: There are very few sports cars in Sri Lanka. We don’t really take those out on the roads. …

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THOSE

There are two almost identical B1 grammar points for ‘those’ in the category of PRONOUNS/demonstratives Point 46 is defined as: ‘those’ as a pronoun with plural reference. Point 62: ‘those’ as a pronoun to refer to things which have already been mentioned. An iWeb search for: * * * those . 1 IS ONE OF …

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neither | either of + PLURAL NOUN

‘Either’ can mean “the one or the other.” ‘Neither’ can mean “not the one and not the other” or “not either.” C1 English Grammar Profile point 63 in DETERMINERS/quantity is defined as: ‘either’ and ‘neither’ + ‘of’ with plural noun phrases or pronouns. For example: Neither of these men is Chaney. (note the subject-verb agreement!) listen But the truth is, it’s not going …

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one | some + of the + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN

Here are two expert examples of complex noun phrases as subject complements: Ocean worlds are some of the most fascinating places. Listen to this sentence   This is one of the most important things that any man can do. Listen *Note, ‘is one of the most‘ is the second most frequent 5-word Ngram. iWeb 262,288 In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 41 in ADJECTIVES is defined as:  ‘ONE OF …

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plural nouns inflected -ES or -IES

A2 point 19 in NOUNS is defined as: plurals by adding ‘-es’ to countable nouns ending in ‘-o’, ‘-ch’, ‘-s’, ‘-sh’, ‘-x’ or ‘-z’. A2 point 28 in NOUNS: ‘-IES’ plurals of countable nouns ending in a consonant plus ‘-y’, by changing the ‘y’ to ‘I’ and adding ‘-es’. A search on iWeb for: *ies_NN2 …

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all | both | a few + PLURAL NOUN

‘All’ and ‘both’ are predeterminers, meaning they come before other determiners.  For example: “All the things”, “both our children” Point 22 in DETERMINERS is defined as: increasing range of quantifying determiners with plural nouns ‘all’, ‘both’, ‘a few’ In iWeb: all|both _NN2 1 BOTH SIDES 258617 2 ALL THINGS 222190 3 ALL KINDS 211611 4 …

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some | any | no | more | a lot of + NOUN

A2 Point 13 in DETERMINERS is defined as: range of quantifying determiners (‘some’, ‘any’, ‘no’, ‘more’, ‘a lot of’) with both plural nouns and uncountable nouns. This point overlaps: A2 Point 18 in the category of NOUNS: form simple noun phrases by pre-modifying nouns with an increasing range of determiners. We search in iWeb for: …

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-IANS plural noun suffix

1 CHRISTIANS (NN2) 300655 2 PHYSICIANS (NN2) 274754 3 MUSICIANS (NN2) 225627 4 POLITICIANS (NN2) 211753 5 INDIANS (NN2) 167921 6 CANADIANS (NN2) 156879 7 TECHNICIANS (NN2) 129132 8 GUARDIANS (NN2) 99782 9 AUSTRALIANS (NN2) 98618 10 CIVILIANS (NN2) 92291 11 HISTORIANS (NN2) 81859 12 RUSSIANS (NN2) 71180 13 CLINICIANS (NN2) 62328 14 CORINTHIANS (NN2) …

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-IES suffix

1 SERIES (NN) 3166663 2 COMPANIES (NN2) 2679310 3 ACTIVITIES (NN2) 1981104 4 COUNTRIES (NN2) 1459881 5 OPPORTUNITIES (NN2) 1456705 6 STUDIES (NN2) 1426922 7 FAMILIES (NN2) 1348777 8 STORIES (NN2) 1250906 9 PROPERTIES (NN2) 984184 10 FACILITIES (NN2) 920963 11 SPECIES (NN) 920040 12 PARTIES (NN2) 912973 13 COMMUNITIES (NN2) 910936 14 POLICIES (NN2) …

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-ALS word ending

  MATERIALS (NN2)   GOALS (NN2)   INDIVIDUALS (NN2)   ANIMALS (NN2)   PROFESSIONALS (NN2)   OFFICIALS (NN2)   MEALS (NN2)   HOSPITALS (NN2)   CHEMICALS (NN2)   TRIALS (NN2)   REVEALS (VVZ)   DEALS (NN2)   SIGNALS (NN2)   PROPOSALS (NN2)   MINERALS (NN2)   LOCALS (NN2)   FINALS (NN2)   METALS (NN2)   CREDENTIALS (NN2)   TUTORIALS (NN2)   FESTIVALS (NN2)   INTERVALS (NN2)   APPEALS (NN2)   DEALS (VVZ_NN2)   ESSENTIALS (NN2)   JOURNALS (NN2)   CRIMINALS (NN2)   DEALS …

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