reporting verbs

Point 18 in VERBS/patterns:

reporting verbs, especially mental process verbs, with a clause as the direct object, without ‘that’, especially in informal contexts.

*notably, in the English Grammar Profile examples, all the verbs but ‘said’ are in the present tense. There are grammar points that use this same construction but in the past at higher levels. ‘I thought + clause’, for example, could be C1 politeness.


 

PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE:

think they are sleeping now.

Arabic male level 2.


The English Grammar Profile examples include the verbs we use in the iWeb search:

_P HOPE|THINK|KNOW|SAY _P _V

1 I THINK IT ‘S 176754
2 I THINK IT IS 85052
3 I THINK IT WAS 51344
4 I THINK IT WOULD 43727
5 I KNOW IT ‘S 37872
6 I THINK I ‘M 26091
7 I THINK I HAVE 23473
8 I THINK IT WILL 21681
9 I THINK I ‘LL 19809
10 I THINK THEY ARE 19656
11 I THINK I WILL 19646
12 I THINK YOU ARE 18815
13 I THINK YOU SHOULD 18074
14 I THINK WE CAN 17492
15 I THINK HE ‘S 17384
16 I KNOW I ‘M 16693
17 I KNOW IT IS 16178
18 I THINK YOU ‘RE 15974
19 I THINK I CAN 15929
20 I THINK I ‘VE 15633
21 I THINK I WOULD 15608
22 I THINK WE ‘RE 15448
23 I THINK WE HAVE 15238
24 I THINK YOU CAN 14854
25 YOU THINK YOU ARE 14380
26 I KNOW I HAVE 13735
27 I THINK I AM 13713
28 YOU THINK YOU CAN 13687
29 I THINK YOU HAVE 13212
30 YOU THINK IT ‘S 13015

1 I HOPE YOU ENJOY 15802
2 I HOPE YOU WILL 14145
3 I HOPE YOU CAN 11951
4 I HOPE YOU HAVE 11780
5 I HOPE YOU ARE 10296
6 WE HOPE YOU ENJOY 9421
7 WE HOPE YOU WILL 8938
8 I HOPE YOU FIND 8515
9 I HOPE YOU DO 8135
10 I HOPE I CAN 7723
11 I HOPE YOU ENJOYED 6551
12 I HOPE YOU ‘LL 6041
13 I HOPE YOU GET 5349
14 I HOPE IT ‘S 5296
15 I HOPE IT WILL 5277
16 THEY SAY THEY ARE 5206
17 I HOPE YOU LIKE 4794
18 WE HOPE YOU ‘LL 4783
19 I HOPE YOU ‘RE 4723
20 I HOPE WE CAN 4683