Present Continuous

Here are some student writing examples of present continuous highlighted with details:

I am typing English words right now.

PELIC Chinese female level 2 writing class

 

However, we also can interpret from the graph that we aren’t preparing for it yet. 

PELIC Korean female level 3 writing class

 

am always falling over one of his toy cars or trucks.

PELIC Arabic male level 3 writing class

 

There are at least 30 points to do with the present continuous in the English Grammar Profile.  Half of those are easily distinguished formally, but many others are not.  The usage aspect is too difficult to search for as it requires large amounts of manual interpretation.  Still, we have decided at English Grammar Pro to define ‘increasing range’ as A2 and B1 verbs, and ‘wide range’ as B2+ and academic verbs.  We won’t look for examples of every point on this page because most of these points are already covered elsewhere.


Point 46 in the category of FUTURE at B2 is defined as:

present continuous with a wide range of verbs to talk about future arrangements.

Point 35 at B1 is the same except:

 increasing range of verbs to talk about future arrangements.

A2 point 13

a limited range of verbs to talk about future arrangements.


A2 point 5 in NEGATION  is defined:

negative statements of main verbs in the present continuous and present perfect with ‘be’ and ‘have’ + ‘not/n’t’.


A2 point 8 in the category of PRESENT continuous:

limited range of verbs – about temporary situations.

A2 point 13

increasing range of verbs to talk about situations and events in progress

A2 point 17

limited range of adverbs of indefinite frequency, often to talk about surprising or undesirable situations or events

A2 point 18

‘wh-‘ questions, especially in the context of letters and emails.


When we inspected the most frequent (top one hundred) verbs in the ‘BE + Verbing’ phrase that are A2 and above, they don’t seem to obviously suggest future arrangements.  Therefore, if we really want to find arrangements we must search for something like future time markers and possibly superficially.  For example: ‘tomorrow’.

_vb* _v?g* tomorrow

Lemmas:

B1  drop

 

  UNILAD
Kid Cudi has announced he’s dropping a new track with Eminem tomorrow, and it’s the collaboration we didn’t know we needed.

B2  launch  release

  The Verge
Instagram is launching a new shopping page that‘ll highlight brands and collections.
  KIIS1065
Rihanna Is Releasing Fenty Skin Care Range REALLY SOON!

 

These are the 100 most frequent Lemmas found with _vb* _v?g* on iWeb corpus.

1 [GO] 4230818 2 [LOOK] 1851639 3 1560510 4 [DO] 1481362 5 [USE] 1173514 6 [WORK] 1169055 7 [TRY] 992893 8 [GET] 986549 9 [MAKE] 642814 10 [HAVE] 600996 11 [COME] 595989 12 [TAKE] 589896 13 [TALK] 505955 14 [RUN] 452248 15 [THINK] 451863 16 [PLAY] 396636 17 [SAY] 317492 18 [HAPPEN] 304915 19 [HOPE] 279189 20 [START] 272948 21 [WONDER] 270949 22 [PLAN] 270947 23 [MISS] 245206 24 [MOVE] 244017 25 [BECOME] 239573 26 [SEE] 228740 27 [WAIT] 228255 28 [ASK] 224752 29 [LIVE] 224318 30 [GIVE] 212677 31 [SIT] 193016 32 [FEEL] 191292 33 [GROW] 187600 34 [SEEK] 181945 35 [READ] 181536 36 [WEAR] 172896 37 [PAY] 166360 38 [PUT] 162584 39 [WATCH] 161986 40 [OFFER] 156798 41 [DRIVE] 153325 42 [WRITE] 150795 43 [HELP] 148375 44 [FACE] 147099 45 [HOLD] 144301 46 [BUILD] 139201 47 [SELL] 138430 48 [TELL] 137330 49 [EXPERIENCE] 137021 50 [CHANGE] 135194 51 [STRUGGLE] 134598 52 [TRAVEL] 131293 53 [SHOW] 129405 54 [BUY] 128011 55 [CAUSE] 126227 56 [CALL] 124865 57 [EXPECT]  124303 58 [LEARN] 121227 59 [CREATE] 120499 60 [STAND] 117642 61 [DEAL] 117311 62 [FOLLOW] 111267 63 [EAT] 110773 64 [PROVIDE] 110496 65 [KEEP] 109711 66 [FIND] 108866 67 [BEGIN] 107171 68 [LEAVE] 106524 69 [WALK] 104430 70 [BRING] 100172 71 [CONSIDER] 100127 72 [FIGHT] 98323 73 [SPEND] 98068 74 [SEARCH] 97939 75 [RECEIVE] 96526 76 [SUFFER] 95887 77 [HEAD] 94257 78 [SPEAK] 88513 79 [STAY] 87174 80 [ADD] 87074 81 [ENJOY] 86175 82 [TURN] 85885 83 [LOSE] 83912 84 [LEAD] 83568 85 [SEND] 82681 86 [PREPARE] 81972 87 [SHARE] 81210 88 [REFER] 79167 89 [PUSH] 77967 90 [TEACH] 76298 91 [DEVELOP] 75057 92 [CARRY] 73011 93 [PERFORM] 72732 94 [SERVE] 69764 95 [HOST] 69352 96 [ACT] 69100 97 [OPERATE] 68389 98 [WANT] 68335 99 [LISTEN] 67736 100 [STUDY] 67634

Now when we put them through text inspector we can get some general level of range for them.

A2 25.00%

add, become, bring, build, call, follow, grow, happen, hold, hope, keep, lose, move, offer, plan, prepare, push, receive, sell, serve, share, spend , stand, try, turn

 

B1 13%

act, consider, create, develop, expect, experience, fight, lead, operate, perform, provide, search, wonder

B2 6.00%

cause, deal, host, seek, struggle, suffer