exclamations

  • ‘exclamatives’ are used to make exclamations.  They often end with !
  • Exclamative sentences start with either of these two intensifiers: ‘What‘ or ‘How‘ and are ‘fronted’ without inversion.
  • ‘What’ is used before a noun phrase.
  • exclamatives can be abbreviated.

Compare a usual statement:  “You are so clever.” with “How clever you are!” or “How clever!

 

What a + NOUN PHRASE

Exclamative ‘what’ can precede the indefinite article and is, therefore, a predeterminer.  Here’s an example: What a surprise! Listen In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 38 in the category of CLAUSES/exclamations: ‘What a’ + noun phrase and ‘What a’ + noun phrase + clause However, in the English Vocabulary Profile, ‘what’ is listed at B1 …

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How + ADJECTIVE !

Point 62 in the category of CLAUSES/phrases/exclamations is defined as: ‘How’ + adjective. A search in iWeb for: How _JJ ! 1 HOW EXCITING ! 1276 2 HOW FUN ! 799 3 HOW COOL ! 563 4 HOW CUTE ! 498 5 HOW WONDERFUL ! 427 6 HOW BEAUTIFUL ! 291 7 HOW SWEET ! …

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HOW + adjective + clause

How wonderful that you came. I can’t tell you how pleased I am. How nice to see you! Point 48 in CLAUSES phrases/exclamations is defined as: ‘HOW’ + ADJECTIVE + CLAUSE A search in iWeb for: . How _JJ _P _V 1 . HOW IMPORTANT IT IS 103 2 . HOW LUCKY WE ARE 97 3 . HOW WONDERFUL IT IS 90 4 . HOW SAD IT …

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