exclamations

  • ‘exclamatives’ are used to make exclamations.  They often end with !
  • Exclamative sentences start with either of these two intensifiers: ‘What‘ or ‘How‘ and are ‘fronted’ without inversion.
  • ‘What’ is used before a noun phrase.
  • exclamatives can be abbreviated.

Compare a usual statement:  “You are so clever.” with “How clever you are!” or “How clever!

 

What a + NOUN PHRASE

Exclamative ‘what’ can precede the indefinite article and is, therefore, a predeterminer.  Here’s an example: What a surprise! Listen In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 38 in the category of CLAUSES/exclamations: ‘What a’ + noun phrase and ‘What a’ + noun phrase + clause However, in the English Vocabulary Profile, ‘what’ is listed at B1 …

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How + ADJECTIVE !

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 62 in the category of CLAUSES/phrases/exclamations is defined as: ‘How’ + adjective. A search in iWeb for: How _JJ ! 1 HOW EXCITING ! 1276 2 HOW FUN ! 799 3 HOW COOL ! 563 4 HOW CUTE ! 498 5 HOW WONDERFUL ! 427 6 HOW BEAUTIFUL ! 291 …

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HOW + adjective + clause (exclamation)

An ‘exclamation’ means: a remark expressing surprise or strong emotion. How wonderful that you came. How nice to see you! In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 48 in CLAUSES phrases/exclamations is defined as: ‘HOW’ + ADJECTIVE + CLAUSE A search in iWeb for: . How _JJ _P _V 1 . HOW IMPORTANT IT IS 103 2 . HOW LUCKY WE ARE 97 …

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surprise enthusiasm or negative exclamation

In the English Grammar Profile, B2 point 86 in the category of CLAUSES is defined as: phrases or exclamations where the negative interrogative form of an auxiliary verb is used to express surprise or enthusiasm. This is a real challenge to search for. Surprise and enthusiasm is not something you can formally search for, but …

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