• ‘exclamatives’ are used to make exclamations.  They often end with !
  • Exclamative sentences start with either of these two intensifiers: ‘What‘ or ‘How‘ and are ‘fronted’ without inversion.
  • ‘What’ is used before a noun phrase.
  • exclamatives can be abbreviated.

Compare a usual statement:  “You are so clever.” with “How clever you are!” or “How clever!


interjections & other sentence words

We generally understand that interjections express sudden feelings and emotions such as pleasure, anger, disappointment, shock, surprise, and excitement. Formally, these words often proceed with punctuation marks, which are most often but not always exclamation points, and they are often ‘thrown’ in between sentences.  However, exact definitions are not so precise once we look at …

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Exclamative ‘what’ can precede the indefinite article and is, therefore, a predeterminer.  Here’s an example: What a surprise! Listen In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 38 in the category of CLAUSES/exclamations: ‘What a’ + noun phrase and ‘What a’ + noun phrase + clause However, in the English Vocabulary Profile, ‘what’ is listed at B1 …

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How + clause (exclamation)

An exclamative sentence can start with the intensifier ‘How‘ which is ‘fronted’ without inversion.  For example: How I wish I could do that. Listen C2 point 128 CLAUSES phrases/exclamations is defined as: HOW + CLAUSE *Note, How + cleft clause is also C2.   This is another hard to research structure in iWeb because of the variable length of clauses. 1 . …

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