cause

WOULD + adverb (wide range)

Let’s look at some examples of ‘would’ + a wide range of adverbs: They would eventually become the oppressive hand of the Russian government.  (Listen) What would normally take him maybe a day or something to solder by hand, he can do in a few minutes using this machine.  (Listen)   Point 234 in the category of MODALITY is defined: wide range of adverbs with ‘would’, including ‘undoubtedly’, ‘possibly’, ‘normally’, ‘personally’, ‘eventually’, ‘obviously’, ‘significantly’, …

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‘In order not to’ + INFINITIVE

PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I think we should do our best at the present moment in order not to be regretful. Chinese male level 5 writing class. We will only cover half of: GSE 60 B2 express negative purpose with ‘so as/in order not to’ In order not to seem stupid, he didn’t say anything. I came in very quietly, so as not to wake anyone. because ‘so as not to’ is at C1 in the English Vocabulary Profile.  ‘in order …

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passive + TO infinitve (belief or opinion)

Point 73 GSE B2+ is defined: express impersonal belief and opinion using ‘thought/considered/believed/etc.’ +’ to’ + VP infSTUDENT STUDENT EXAMPLES: Moreover, English is considered to be an international language. PELIC Thai male level 5 writing class.   In addition, he is believed to be the first teacher, because the first education system in ancient China was established by Confucius. PELIC Chinese male level 5 grammar class. EXPERT EXAMPLE: After all, the first intentional human burial is thought to have occurred around 100,000 years ago. …

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COULD (range)

A2 point 52 in MODALITY: ‘could’ with a limited range of verbs to make suggestions. B1 point 78 in MODALITY: affirmative form of ‘could’ to talk about ability. B1 point 79 in MODALITY: ‘could’ with an increasing range of verbs to make suggestions. An iWeb search for: could _VVI 1 COULD GET 239338 TLC STUDENT …

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might not

Point 73 in the category of MODALITY is defined: ‘might’ negative form TLC STUDENT SPEAKING TEST EXAMPLE: I might not earn as much as others do. female India B1 An iWeb search for: might _XX _VVI 1 MIGHT NOT KNOW 12293 2 MIGHT NOT WANT 9556 3 MIGHT NOT WORK 8820 4 MIGHT NOT GET 8374 5 MIGHT NOT SEEM 7198 6 …

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may not

Point 94 in the category of MODALITY is defined: ‘may’ negative PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: However, you may not deny that you can not buy happiness even if you have too much money. Korean male, level 4 writing class. An iWeb search for: may_VM not _V*I 1 MAY NOT KNOW 28529 2 MAY NOT WORK 22681 3 MAY NOT WANT 17165 4 MAY NOT USE 14983 5 MAY NOT …

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may (modal verb)

Point 34 and 48 in the category of MODALITY are defined as: ‘may’ to talk about weak possibility referring to the present and the future affirmative An iWeb search for: may_VM _VVI 1 MAY NEED 294017 2 MAY WANT 253501 3 MAY TAKE 159078 4 MAY INCLUDE 156112 Hannah’s friends, whose needs may include personal or professional problems, depend on her often for her knowledge, understanding and skills. PELIC writing class, …

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past simple questions (with a wide range of verbs)

Point 81 in PAST/simple is defined as: ‘yes/no’, ‘wh-‘, tag and negative question forms with a wide range of verbs. We have tried to cover this same topic also here.   However, we’ll attempt to focus on what is C1 in this post. iWeb corpus doesn’t allow much more than searches such as: _VVD * * …

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will + usually | normally | often

Point 189 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘will’ to talk about something HABITUAL AND TYPICAL The adverbs used in the EGP examples are used in our iWeb search: will_V _VVI normally|usually|often 1 WILL WORK NORMALLY 179 2 WILL FUNCTION NORMALLY 148 Marketplace.org Troubles with another Boeing plane “There’s an expectation that the economy will function normally and in a healthy way down the road,” …

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would + easily | strongly | especially | actually | absolutely | gladly

Point 178 in MODALITY would C1 2 increasing range of adverbs with ‘would’, including ‘strongly’, ‘easily’, ‘especially’, ‘actually’, ‘absolutely’, ‘gladly’ A search in iWeb for: would easily|strongly|especially|actually|absolutely|gladly _VVI 1 WOULD STRONGLY RECOMMEND 4687 2 WOULD STRONGLY SUGGEST 2216 3 WOULD ABSOLUTELY LOVE 1889 4 WOULD ABSOLUTELY RECOMMEND 1773 5 WOULD ACTUALLY MAKE 1435 6 WOULD …

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shall not

Point 60 in FUTURE/simple is defined as: negative form ‘shall not’ On the uselessness of climbing Mt. Everest: We shall not bring back a single bit of gold or silver, and not a gem, nor any coal or iron. We shall not find a single foot of earth that can be planted with crops to raise food. A search in iWeb for shall not _VVI 1 SHALL NOT APPLY 9981 2 SHALL NOT EXCEED 7825 3 SHALL NOT AFFECT 3026 4 SHALL NOT …

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BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB

Point 58 in future with be going to is defined as: increasing range of adverbs (particularly adverbs of certainty) in the normal mid position. A search in iWeb for the adverbs we find in the EGP examples: _VB [probably|undoubtedly|surely] going to_T _VVI Note ‘surely’ is rare. 1 IS UNDOUBTEDLY GOING TO BECOME 9 2 IS …

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‘It is said that …’ (IT + passive)

Let’s take a look at an IELTS writing task 2 example with this grammar: It is argued that volunteering should be made a part of the school curriculum. In the above example, ‘is argued‘ forms the passive part.  The active form of this is probably: ‘People argue that…” In our example, ‘people’ is not important or maybe we don’t know who …

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‘It’s not hard to see why’ (‘BE’ not + ADJECTIVE + to-INFINTIVE)

Here’s an expert example in the news of modality expressed with the ‘BE’ not + ADJECTIVE + to-INFINTIVE’ grammar structure:   Quartz For many Chinese internet users, it is not uncommon to see bloggers they follow fall out of their news feeds. Point 212 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘be’ + ‘not’ + adjective + ‘to’ + infinitive a search on iWeb for: _VB _XX _JJ _TO _VVI 1 ‘S …

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“I’ll get them to come.” (GET + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE)

Let’s analyse and then listen to the grammar structure: ‘get someone or something to do something’ by looking at real expert examples: I can’t get these parents to come. I’ll get them to come. Listen to these examples. The same meaning can be written in other ways: I can’t make them come. I can’t change their minds to make them come. I …

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may adverb

B2 point 150 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘may’ with an increasing range of adverbs (most commonly ‘even’, ‘only’, ‘already’, ‘never’, ‘just’, ‘sometimes’) in the normal mid-position after the modal verb. B1 point 70:  ‘may’ with a limited range of adverbs (most commonly ‘also’) in the normal mid-position after the modal verb …

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