pattern

can’t bear + to-infinitive

In the English Vocabulary Profile at B2, ‘bear’ is defined: accept someone or something unpleasant For example: I can’t bear to see him like this. listen *There are other uses of ‘bear’ that are more advanced.  However, the sense defined above has a distinct grammar pattern: (CAN | COULD) (often negative) + bear + (to-infinitive | Verb-ing | noun phrase) Verb-ing …

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verb + object + clause

Point 12 in the category of VERBS/patterns is defined: verbs, typically reporting verbs, followed by a noun or pronoun as the indirect object and a clause with or without ‘that’, as the direct object. *Note some of our search results are not indirect objects.  However, the A2 complexity is still there with relative clauses. _VV …

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LET | MAKE + Verb

Point 30 in the category of VERBs/patterns is defined as: ‘MAKE’, ‘LET’ + INFINITIVE WITHOUT ‘TO’ *It is interesting that there is no mention of the object between the verbs. A search in iWeb corpus for: MAKE _P _VVI 1 MAKE YOU FEEL 69401 2 MAKE IT WORK 43378 3 MAKE IT LOOK 37679 4 …

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HELP + object + infinitive

The verb ‘help’ can be followed by a bare infinitive clause or a to-infinitive clause.  In the following examples ‘understand’ is a bare infinitive (without ‘to’),  ‘to remember’ is the to-infinitive.  The pronouns ‘us’ and ‘you’ are objects. Help us understand your father‘s work. listen These might help you to remember the truth. listen B1 point 40 in the category of VERBS/patterns: ‘help’ + object + infinitive …

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understand | realise + that CLAUSE

Point 42 in the category of VERBS/patterns is defined as: an increasing range of verbs, typically reporting or mental process verbs, with a ‘that’-clause as the direct object PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I started to understand that there are many types of movies, and I started to distinguish between them. Arabic, Male, Level 4, Writing Class. *Note that this partly overlaps ’28 present simple B1 2 with an …

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love | hate | prefer + VERBing | to INFINITVE

Point 19 VERBS/patterns is defined as: verbs expressing preference followed either by a ‘to’-infinitive or an ‘-ing’ form, with no change in meaning. *Much of this grammar overlaps A2 Modality, for example, “I would love to share with you.”   A search in iWeb for LOVE _VVG 1 LOVE SEEING 14175 2 LOVE USING 13703 3 LOVE WORKING …

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SAY to SOMEONE that

Point 36 in the category of VERBs is defined as: verb pattern / reporting verb with prepositional phrase + that clause as the direct object A search in iWeb for: SAY to_II * that 1 SAID TO ME THAT 2340 2 SAY TO YOU THAT 1483 3 SAYS TO ME THAT 794 4 SAY TO …

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Verb + VerbING

Point 29 in the category of verbs/patterns is B1 and defined as: limited range of verbs followed by an ‘-ing’ form. Point 56 in Verbs/patterns is B2 and defined as an increasing range of verbs followed by an ‘-ing’ form. A search for _VV _VVG in iWeb corpus: 1 KEEP GOING 656012 STARTED USING 54040 …

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sense verb + OBJECT + VERB-ing

B2 point 54 in VERBS/patterns is defined as: some verbs connected with the senses + direct object + an ‘-ing’ form, to give emphasis to an ongoing activity. *I don’t believe B2 complexity should hinge on ‘activity’.  It should also include a state.  For example: I don’t see myself being with anyone else but you, Sarah. listen An iWeb search for: sense verbs …

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verb + new subject + verbING

Point 52 in VERBS/patterns is defined as: introducing a new subject before the ‘-ing’ form (using noun or object pronoun) _VV _P _V*G *Notice that the ‘get/keep somebody doing somthing’  grammar structure is frequent here.  Also, not all pronouns/nouns are subjects of a new clause. Much of this is still B2 as ‘verbs of the …

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like | want (verb pattern)

Let’s look at the like and ‘want verb pattern’.  They are different because  ‘like’ can be followed by to-infinitve or Verb-ing.   ‘want’ is only followed by the to-infinitive.  For example: “I like using the internet” or “I like to use the internet.” have the same meaning.  “I want to use the internet.” is correct, but …

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sense verb + object + infinitive

C1 point 58 in the category of VERBS/patterns some verbs connected with the senses + direct object + infinitive without ‘to’ emphasising a complete action.  Here is a list of sense verbs + pronoun + infinitive A search in iWeb for: feel|smell|taste|hear|see _P _VVI *many of these seem like zero that clauses though. 2 SEE …

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