for

WORD (phrases)

In the English Vocabulary Profile at B1: not believe/understand/hear/say, etc. a word = anything A search in iWeb corpus for: _XX _VV a word 1 N’T SAY A WORD 1726 Don’t say a word against my father. listen 2 NOT SAY A WORD 756 3 N’T UNDERSTAND A WORD 608 It was brilliant, even though I didn’t understand a word of it. listen 4 N’T BELIEVE A …

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negative future + time period + YET

In the English Vocabulary Profile at C1, YET from now and for a particular period of time in the future A search in the NOW corpus for: for a _JJ _NNT yet 1 FOR A LONG TIME YET 605 I‘m not gonna die for a long time yet. The Babadook 2 FOR A LITTLE WHILE YET 197 Dinner won’t be ready for a little while yet. Little Deaths 3 …

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in order + to | for

In the English Vocabulary Profile: in order (for sb/sth) to do sth B1 with the purpose of achieving something The most common collocates of ‘in order to’ in COCA: For example: Or is the concept of an afterlife just a lie in order to avoid the terror of obliteration? listen   In order for this all to work, you need to completely let me in. listen

5 on the TOEFL Writing Essays?

In this post, we use our grammar profiler to predict the CEFR level of this TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample Essay. We found that the most salient language is the ability to modify adjectives and use abstract nouns.  So let’s look at this advanced text.  The profiler says the text is probably C1, which we can surmise …

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‘It is for you to decide.’ (FOR +TO infinitive clause)

Pearson’s GSE 58 B1+ clause + ‘for’ to introduce an infinitive clause with a different subject.  The important thing is for you to arrive on time. My aim is for my children to go to university. A search in iWeb for: _VB for * _TO _VVI 1 IS FOR YOU TO DECIDE 392 (most examples with this string contained ‘whether’ or ‘whether or not’ which is C2.) 2 IS FOR YOU …

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‘BUT FOR’ (third conditional)

We know that ‘but for’ + a phrase means except for or if it were not for.  At C1, this structure can be combined with a ‘would have clause’  so it is similar to a past conditional.  All together this construction means “if it wasn’t for this thing that happened, then this other thing was …

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had been + VERBing

Point 27 in the category of PAST is defined as: past perfect continuous: an action or event which began before a point in the past and was still continuing up to that point, often with ‘for’ or ‘since’, to give background information. Point 32 in the PAST is defined as: past perfect continuous: background action …

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As for myself

Point 119 in PRONOUNS/reflexive is defined as: ‘as for myself’ as a discourse marker to introduce or focus on a personal opinion. FOR EXAMPLE: As for myself, I have some ideas about where we went wrong this time, and one day I may call on you once more. listen     TechRaptor As for myself, I am an artist in the loosest possible definition of the word; that is to say, I make art. 16 Dec 2020 A search in iWeb corpus for: . As …

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WERE IT NOT FOR

‘were it not for’ + noun phrase expresses that someone or something prevented something from happening.  For example: Were it not for the cataclysmic events which overtook them, it’s entirely possible that raptors, rather than humans,  would have become the dominant species on this planet. Listen C2 point 132 in CLAUSES/conditional is defined as: ‘Were it not for’ + noun phrase to introduce conditions in formal contexts. *The big corpora do not …

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IF IT WERE NOT FOR

In the English Grammar Profile, C2 point 125 in CLAUSES/conditional is defined as ‘If it weren’t / were not for’ + noun phrase to introduce conditions in formal contexts. past simple For example: And none of us would be here if it weren’t for you. Listen iWeb doesn’t allow a search for **** to the right even on a premium licence. 1 IF …

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STRANDED PREPOSITION

This post is about two points in the English Grammar Profile found in two different categories and two different CEFR levels.  Differentiating them depends on what prepositional verbs are.  A combination of the verb and preposition has an idiomatic expression with a distinct meaning.  However, the English Vocabulary Profile gives a better idea of the …

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VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION ‘go directly to’

B2 English Grammar Profile point 51 in the category of VERBS/prepositional is defined as: adverb between the verb and the preposition For example: George says the piston’s going to go right through the block any minute now. listen   Alex, maybe if everything goes well with the paintings, Victor and I will tour and we could visit you in New York. listen An iWeb search for _VV *ly_R _II 1 GO DIRECTLY TO 17903 We‘re gonna go directly to the airport and get a plane. listen 2 BASED SOLELY ON 13229 We can’t work based solely on rumour, can we? …

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adverb + prepositional phrase

Point 65 in the category of ADVERBS/phrases is defined as: post-modify adverbs with a complex prepositional phrase complement, to highlight information. *This will overlap stance adverbs in the initial position. A search in iWeb for: . *ly_RR _I * * 1 . LUCKILY FOR US , 1429 2 . LUCKILY FOR YOU, 1236 Luckily for you, the fire will destroy most of …

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modifier + adverb + complement

Point 67 in the category of ADVERBS is defined as: adverb phrases with modifiers before, and complements after, adverbs. There is an interactive word tree of this grammar by clicking here. A search in iWeb for the pattern in the two examples in the EGP: _V (almost|so)_R _RR _I 1 WORKED SO HARD FOR 1573 …

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LONG

A search in iWeb for the part of speech of ‘long’: 1 LONG (JJ) 3552089 adjective 2 LONG (RR) 1695369 adverb   5 LONG (CS32) 727692 B2 complex subordinating conjunction: He says he‘s waited as long as he can for Batman to do the right thing. 6 LONG (RR22) 93610 C1 complex adverbial phrase ‘for long’ But if it went wrong, I would not want to live like that for long. 9 LONG (VVI) 48001 verb 14 LONG …

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BEING

The word ‘being’ is most often used as a verb, but also a noun (human being) and in a time adverbial phrase (for the time being). 1 BEING a search in NOW corpus for: * * _VBG * * 1 ADDRESS BEFORE BEING ALLOWED TO 32061 At least, you didn’t require readers to log in with an email address before being allowed to read it! brownsnation.com 2 COOKIES FROM BEING SET …

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TIME (complex adverbial phrases)

1 TIME (NNT1) 24212119 (noun) 2 TIME (RR42) 192513 (from time to time) B2 adverbial phrase Maybe it would’ve done you some good to have some questions from time to time. listen 3 TIME (VV0%) 101432 9 TIME (VVI) 9981 (verb) 4 TIME (RT43) 37727 (For the time being) 5 TIME (RR31) 21289 (time and again)