considered

passive + TO infinitve (belief or opinion)

Point 73 GSE B2+ is defined: express impersonal belief and opinion using ‘thought/considered/believed/etc.’ +’ to’ + VP infSTUDENT STUDENT EXAMPLES: Moreover, English is considered to be an international language. PELIC Thai male level 5 writing class.   In addition, he is believed to be the first teacher, because the first education system in ancient China was established by Confucius. PELIC Chinese male level 5 grammar class. EXPERT EXAMPLE: After all, the first intentional human burial is thought to have occurred around 100,000 years ago. …

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present perfect simple (range)

There is no listing in the English Grammar Profile for a ‘wide‘ range of main verbs with present perfect simple.  So, here’s an expert example of present perfect simple using academic collocation: In the course of my professional life, I have acquired knowledge and manual skill.    (linotype.com) Here are some general range points in the English Grammar Profile in the category of …

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present perfect simple negative question

Point 18 in the category of PAST is defined as: present perfect simple negative question *This point overlaps point 17 b1 negative questions. TLC STUDENT SPEAKING TEST: (discussing match-fixing in soccer) Haven’t you heard about the Italians? male Spain C2 An iWeb search for: VH _XX * _VVN ? 1 HAVE N’T YOU HEARD ? 164 2 HAVE N’T …

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had not + PAST PARTICIPLE

Point 24 in the category of PAST perfect simple: negative forms. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: At that time, I had not found my job and I had a lot of free time. Chinese male, level 3 writing class. A search on iWeb for: _VHD _XX _VVN 1 HAD N’T SEEN 10519 2 HAD NOT SEEN 8370 3 HAD N’T HEARD 6433 4 HAD N’T THOUGHT 5405 5 …

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passive + BY + noun phrase

Point 12 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: passive with ‘by’ to give focus. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: All Chinese fields are owned by the Chinese government. Chinese female Level 3 Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _VB _VVN by * * 1 IS SURVIVED BY HIS WIFE 6147 2 ARE REQUIRED BY LAW TO 4481 3 BE ACCOMPANIED BY …

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present simple passive negative

B1 Point 10 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PRESENT SIMPLE, NEGATIVE + range of pronoun and noun subjects *although ‘range of subjects’ is mentioned above, there is no entry for present simple negative elsewhere. There is no way to automatically check whether  these might actually be C1: ‘it’ with the passive voice …

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It can be + said | argued | concluded | considered + that

Point 208 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘can’ in passive reporting clauses in a more formal impersonal style (e.g. for reports and academic contexts), such as ‘It can be said that’, ‘It can be argued (that)’, ‘It can be concluded that’, ‘It can be considered” (This point overlaps point 26 passive C1 dummy subject) A …

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At the end of the day (FOCUS EXPRESSIONS)

English Grammar Profile C1 Point 8 in the category of FOCUS is defined as: fixed expressions in the front position for focus. Within the EGP examples,  + we have added the COCA frequency. . At the end of the day , 1092 . All in all , 1058 . All things considered , 130 . …

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‘It is said that …’ (IT + passive)

Let’s take a look at an IELTS writing task 2 example with this grammar: It is argued that volunteering should be made a part of the school curriculum. In the above example, ‘is argued‘ forms the passive part.  The active form of this is probably: ‘People argue that…” In our example, ‘people’ is not important or maybe we don’t know who …

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past perfect simple + adverb

B2 point 54 in the category of  PAST is defined as: past perfect simple with a wide range of adverbs (including ‘finally’, ‘recently’, ‘simply’) in the normal mid-position. B1 point 46 in the category of PAST is defined as: past perfect simple with a limited range of adverbs (including ‘never’, ‘ever’, ‘just’, ‘always’, ‘already’) in …

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present continuous passive + range of verbs

Point 21 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as PRESENT CONTINUOUS AFFIRMATIVE with an increasing range of verbs A search in iWeb corpus: 1 IS BEING USED 45742 2 ARE BEING USED 25289 3 IS BEING HELD 21147 4 IS BEING MADE 14558 5 ARE BEING MADE 14380 IS BEING DEVELOPED   The Aviationist …

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had not been + PAST PARTICIPLE

Point 17 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PAST PERFECT passive SIMPLE negative form. A search on iWeb corpus for had _xx been _vvn The most common in ranking order are: SEEN, MADE, GIVEN, USED, PAID, TOLD, and TAKEN. Ranked 9 is ‘HAD NOT BEEN INFORMED’    台北時報 KMT slams DPP’s pork import …

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going | have | need | want + TO BE + past participle

The English Grammar Profile B1 point 4 in the category of passives is defined as: an infinitive after a limited number of forms including ‘going to’, ‘have to’, ‘need to’, ‘want to’. *Note that Pearson lists this as: GSE 59 B2 ‘need’ with the passive infinitive to express necessity.  The report needs to be completed this week. Homework needs to …

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‘must’ + modal adverbs

These are the 12 adverbs I would teach with “must” to advanced students: correctly, either, generally, somehow, therefore, constantly, currently, necessarily, simply, successfully, surely, satisfactorily, ultimately.