ought to have + PAST PARTICIPLE

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 202 in MODALITY is defined as:

PAST AFFIRMATIVE ‘ought to have’ + ‘-ed’ to refer to desired states of affairs in the past.

This structure can express regret or show that something did not happen or was not the case in the past.

For example:

ought to have stayed in Kentucky where l belong.

listen

In the above example, the speaker did not stay in Kentucky.


A search in iWeb for

ought to have _VVN

1 OUGHT TO HAVE BEEN 2986

So in fact, the price of timber in the Beijing marketplace ought to have been three times what it was had it reflected the true pain and the costs to the society within China.

Ought to have + past participle

2 KNOWN 850
3 DONE 575
4 HAD 230
5 SAID 133
6 MADE 129
7 TAKEN 128
8 SEEN 94
9 GONE 87
10 GIVEN 78
11 COME 58
12 THOUGHT 48
13 LEARNED 47
14 RECEIVED 41

15 OUGHT TO HAVE FORESEEN 38

The Punch
He ought to have foreseen the crisis that any imposition of another union against NUPCPS and its members could generate nationwide.
Dec 6, 2019

16 PUT 38
17 TOLD 37
18 OUGHT TO HAVE DISCOVERED 36

The most common collocate is ‘or’ and the context is ‘legal terms’

You shall give written notice of the defect to usand if the defect is a result of damage in transitto the carrier, 

within seven days of the time when you discover or ought to have discovered the defect.

igd.com

19 OUGHT TO HAVE KEPT 35
20 OUGHT TO HAVE NOTICED 33
21 OUGHT TO HAVE BROUGHT 32
22 OUGHT TO HAVE MENTIONED 32
23 OUGHT TO HAVE ASKED 31
24 OUGHT TO HAVE CONSIDERED 31
25 OUGHT TO HAVE HAPPENED 28
26 OUGHT TO HAVE FOUND 27
27 OUGHT TO HAVE PAID 27
28 OUGHT TO HAVE TAUGHT 27
29 OUGHT TO HAVE WON 27
30 OUGHT TO HAVE BECOME 26
31 OUGHT TO HAVE LEFT 26
32 OUGHT TO HAVE ADDED 24
33 OUGHT TO HAVE GOT 24
34 OUGHT TO HAVE REMEMBERED 24
35 OUGHT TO HAVE SHOWN 24
36 OUGHT TO HAVE REMAINED 23
37 OUGHT TO HAVE DIED 22
38 OUGHT TO HAVE FOLLOWED 22
39 OUGHT TO HAVE FELT 21

40 OUGHT TO HAVE INVESTED 21

41 OUGHT TO HAVE READ 21

42 OUGHT TO HAVE SUFFERED 21

In other wordsall the punishment you ought to have suffered for breaking the laws and commandments of God,

Jesus stood in for you.

vanguardngr.com

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