RR is the claws 7 tag for a general adverb. It also can be more specifically extended:

RRQ wh- general adverb (where, when, why, how)
RRQV wh-ever general adverb (wherever, whenever)
RRR comparative general adverb (e.g. better, longer)
RRT superlative general adverb (e.g. best, longest)


When you ‘listen’ to someone speaking in a conversation, you can respond with short phrases that add to the conversation. These utterances carry information and sometimes a single word like an adverb is all you might say. C2 point 224 in the category of MODALITY/adverbs is defined: adverbs expressing certainty as short responses Here is …

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adverb (mid position)

A2 point 30 in the category of ADVERBS: MID POSITION between the subject and the main verb and after modal verbs, auxiliary verbs and ‘be’. General points such as these do not specify that there are many other similar points that will either clash at other levels or overlap.  For example: A2 adverbs of frequency. …

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manner adverbs

Point 28 in ADVERBS is defined: limited range of manner adverbs and adverb phrases to modify how something happens. PELIC STUDENTS: The most important thing is to practise because with no practise, you will forget quickly. Arabic male level 3 writing class.   Yesterday I woke up early because I had a test. Arabic male level 2 writing class. *’early’ is more of a time adverb. A search in iWeb for: _VV *ly_RR . 1 …

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adverb + GOING TO

Point 34 in the category of FUTURE: ‘be going to’ with a  limited range of adverbs, after the auxiliary be form, in the normal mid position. The EGP examples of adverbs include ‘never’ and ‘really’. An iWeb search for: _VB _RR _VVGK *we removed the past forms of BE 1 ‘M JUST GOING 10741 TLC …

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can be

Point 98 in the category of modality is defined: GENERAL TRUTHS AND TENDENCIES: ‘can be’ TLC STUDENT SPEAKING TEST EXAMPLE: Their students can get good grades and their income can be higher. male China B1 We follow the EGP example patterns in iWeb: _NN can_VM be _R _J 1 RATES CAN BE AS HIGH 102 2 RATE CAN BE AS HIGH 92 3 INFORMATION CAN …

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adverb + adjective + noun

Point 32 in the category of NOUNs is defined as: complex noun phrases with adverb + adjective + noun EXPERT EXAMPLE: And, you know, this is a fairly transparent example. wnpr.org *This overlaps B1 noun phrases in the category of ADJECTIVES and clashes with C1 in the category of modality (emphasis). A search in iWeb for: _RR _JJ _NN 1 PERSONALLY IDENTIFIABLE …

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adverb + determiner

This is a difficult grammar point to interpret. B1 point 48 in the category of DETERMINERS/quantity is defined as: modify determiners with adverbs. TLC STUDENT SPEAKING TEST EXAMPLE: We have nearly all the big automobile companies. Male, India, B1 There is clashing information in the English Grammar Profile.  The example they give for point 48: Because almost all of the programmes are stupid. However, ‘Almost all’ is …

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as * as + mine | yours

Point 63 in the category of PRONOUNS is defined as: possessive pronouns ‘mine’ and ‘yours’, with singular reference, in comparative clauses after ‘(not) as … as’. A search in iWeb for: * as * as mine|yours 1 IS AS GOOD AS MINE 1166 2 , AS WELL AS YOURS 92 3 IS AS GOOD AS …

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as you might (SHARED KNOWLEDGE)

Point 90 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘might’ in phrases, such as ‘as you might know’, ‘have already heard’, to focus the reader on shared knowledge. 1 AS YOU MIGHT EXPECT , 6532 2 AS YOU MIGHT THINK . 3862 3 AS YOU MIGHT IMAGINE , 3657 4 AS YOU MIGHT HAVE GUESSED 2253 As …

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Point 69 in the category of CLAUSES/comparatives is defined as: ‘(not) as’ + adjective/adverb + ‘as’ to introduce a clause (often with a substitute auxiliary verb) to talk about two things being equal or unequal in some way. *note that the EGP examples also include ‘as much as’ where claws7 tags ‘much’ as a DA1. …

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question with adverb

Point 51 in CLAUSES is defined as: INTERROGATIVE + ADVERB in mid-position, between the subject and the main verb. For example: And if he still understood it, why does it even matter? A search in iWeb for _P _RR _V ? 1 IT REALLY MATTER ? 1368 2 IT REALLY WORK ? 747 3 YOU REALLY NEED ? 657 4 YOU PLEASE HELP ? …

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CAN + limited range of adverbs

Point 120 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘can’ with a limited range of adverbs (including ‘also’, ‘always’, ‘even’, ‘just’, ‘only’, ‘really’, ‘still’) in the normal mid position after the modal verb. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: Some old people can only sit on the wheelchair. Chinese female level 3 writing class. A search on iWeb for: can_VM also|always|even|just|only|really|still _VVI 1 CAN …

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modal verb + modal adverb

B1 Point 57 in the category of modality/adverbs is defined as: modal verb + modal adverb to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis. B1 point 81 in modality/adverbs is defined as: increasing range of adverbs, for emphasis However, when we check the EGP examples for point 57 which include: surely|certainly|probably, we soon see …

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Firstly | Secondly | Finally | Actually ,

Point 49 in ADVERBs/as modifiers is defined as: adverbs as discourse markers to organise text. (position) For example: Finally, I just take a rest. PELIC STUDENT: Arabic, Male, level 3, writing class Although the title of this post lists only 4 examples that are found in the EGP examples, there are many more one could manually locate that relate …

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not necessarily

Here are two formally overlapping C1 grammar points in the English Grammar Profile: Point 200 in MODALITY/adverbs is defined as: ‘NOT NECESSARILY to express a possible exception to a general perception, i.e. not in every case. Point 23 in NEGATION is defined as: HEDGING, ‘not’ + stance adverb, often in a mid position, to soften …

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adverb + adjective (emphasis)

Point 199 in MODALITY is MODIFYING ADJECTIVES adjectives with adverbs, often for emphasis. The two examples in the EGP are: painfully|highly obvious|unlikely *although there are 50 examples of ‘highly’ in the following top 1000 results, there are no examples of ‘painfully’. A search in iWeb for: _RR _JJ 1 REALLY GOOD 291231 2 ALSO AVAILABLE …

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What part of speech is the word ‘near’? 1 NEAR (II) 1173513 4 NEAR (RL) 87096 12 NEAR (VVI) 18064 17 NEAR (JJ) 8170 21 NEAR (RR) 5765

would + easily | strongly | especially | actually | absolutely | gladly

Point 178 in MODALITY would C1 2 increasing range of adverbs with ‘would’, including ‘strongly’, ‘easily’, ‘especially’, ‘actually’, ‘absolutely’, ‘gladly’ A search in iWeb for: would easily|strongly|especially|actually|absolutely|gladly _VVI 1 WOULD STRONGLY RECOMMEND 4687 2 WOULD STRONGLY SUGGEST 2216 3 WOULD ABSOLUTELY LOVE 1889 4 WOULD ABSOLUTELY RECOMMEND 1773 5 WOULD ACTUALLY MAKE 1435 6 WOULD …

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Point 61 in FUTURE is defined as: future perfect simple with adverbs in the normal mid-position For example: Something somewhere will always have changed.   An iWeb search for: will _R have _VVN 1 WILL PROBABLY HAVE NOTICED 102 2 WILL NEVER HAVE HEARD 85 3 WILL PROBABLY HAVE HEARD 82 4 WILL PROBABLY HAVE …

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