MODALITY

Modality is the language user’s attitude towards the world. It is related to things such as certainty, possibility, willingness, obligation, necessity and ability.

if CLAUSE + will CLAUSE (FUTURE CONDITIONAL)

Point 29 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘will’ in the main clause after an ‘if-‘ clause to talk about possible future situations. ADVANCED EXAMPLES: If both choose to spare the other, the fox will eat just one of each of their limbs. If one chooses to spare while the other sacrifices, the sparer will be fully eaten while the traitor will run away with all his limbs intact. Finally, if both choose to sacrifice, the fox will eat 3 limbs from each. iWeb doesn’t allow us to search easily …

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If + PRESENT SIMPLE + MODAL

B1 Point 74 in CLAUSES/conditional is defined as: PRESENT SIMPLE ‘IF’ CLAUSE + MODAL, FUTURE, POSSIBLE OUTCOME: introduce a possible future condition, with modal verbs in the main clause, to talk about a possible result. *This point should mention which modal verbs. Because the use of ‘can’ is A2. The use of ‘will’ is also …

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CAN + limited range of adverbs

Point 120 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘can’ with a limited range of adverbs (including ‘also’, ‘always’, ‘even’, ‘just’, ‘only’, ‘really’, ‘still’) in the normal mid position after the modal verb. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: Some old people can only sit on the wheelchair. Chinese female level 3 writing class. A search on iWeb for: can_VM also|always|even|just|only|really|still _VVI 1 CAN …

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modal verb + modal adverb

B1 Point 57 in the category of modality/adverbs is defined as: modal verb + modal adverb to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis. B1 point 81 in modality/adverbs is defined as: increasing range of adverbs, for emphasis However, when we check the EGP examples for point 57 which include: surely|certainly|probably, we soon see …

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however | whoever | whatever + may + seem

Point 213 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘may’ in a subordinate clause expressing concession with ‘however’, ‘whatever’, ‘whoever’ + ‘it or this may be or seem Our examples: All you’ve got to go on is streams of electrical impulses, which are only indirectly related to things in the world, whatever they may be.     Compromises can be struck, however difficult it yet may be.     A search in iWeb for: however _JJ it|this may_V be|seem 1 …

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used to (questions)

Point 201 in MODALITY is defined as ‘used to’ QUESTIONS For example:   The New York Times Opinion | Nine Nonobvious Ways to Have Deeper Conversations What problem did you use to have but now have licked? 19 Nov 2020     The following list does not specify whether or not it is basic past simple.  It must be manually checked. …

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might * but *

Point 195 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘might’ followed by ‘but’ to console or justify For example: At first, you might have to consciously change how you pronounce certain words every time you speak, but with practice, you will soon be speaking them effortlessly. (more context) A search in iWeb for might * * * but 1 MIGHT BE WRONG , BUT 693 2 MIGHT SEEM OBVIOUS …

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It can be + said | argued | concluded | considered + that

Point 208 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘can’ in passive reporting clauses in a more formal impersonal style (e.g. for reports and academic contexts), such as ‘It can be said that’, ‘It can be argued (that)’, ‘It can be concluded that’, ‘It can be considered” (This point overlaps point 26 passive C1 dummy subject) A …

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not necessarily

Here are two formally overlapping C1 grammar points in the English Grammar Profile: Point 200 in MODALITY/adverbs is defined as: ‘NOT NECESSARILY to express a possible exception to a general perception, i.e. not in every case. Point 23 in NEGATION is defined as: HEDGING, ‘not’ + stance adverb, often in a mid position, to soften …

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adverb + adjective (emphasis)

Point 199 in MODALITY is MODIFYING ADJECTIVES adjectives with adverbs, often for emphasis. The two examples in the EGP are: painfully|highly obvious|unlikely *although there are 50 examples of ‘highly’ in the following top 1000 results, there are no examples of ‘painfully’. A search in iWeb for: _RR _JJ 1 REALLY GOOD 291231 2 ALSO AVAILABLE …

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BE + NOT + ADJECTIVE + THAT+ CLAUSE

Point 197 in MODALITY/expressions with ‘be’ is defined as: HEDGING ‘be’ + ‘not’ + adjective + ‘that-‘ clause to make an assertion less direct A search in iWeb for: _VB _XX _J that_C 1 ‘M NOT SURE THAT 10255 If the situation had been reversed, and I’d lost a child in a fire, I’m not sure that fire dancing would be the answer.   2 IS NOT SURPRISING THAT 9211 3 …

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will + usually | normally | often

Point 189 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘will’ to talk about something HABITUAL AND TYPICAL The adverbs used in the EGP examples are used in our iWeb search: will_V _VVI normally|usually|often 1 WILL WORK NORMALLY 179 2 WILL FUNCTION NORMALLY 148 Marketplace.org Troubles with another Boeing plane “There’s an expectation that the economy will function normally and in a healthy way down the road,” …

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