conditional subordinate clauses & range of complex conjunctions

conditional subordinate clauses & range of complex conjunctions

A search on iWeb corpus for 3 part subordinating conjunctions reveals the following frequency:

They point to another group of multiple overlapping points on the English Grammar Profile.

Point 91 in CLAUSES & conditional is defined as:

conditional subordinate clauses with a range of conjunctions ‘as long as’, ‘provided’  + present simple or present continuous, with future reference.

However, in the group of example sentences there are two not listed:

,_, unless_CS you_PPY manage_VV0

 in_CS21 case_CS22 you_PPY lose_VV0 your_APPGE way_NN1 ._.

In the EVP:

Also, there is a very interesting point in the comments in EGP:

 

While ‘unless’ is a B1 lexical item in the EVP and taught at B1, its conditional use is not established until B2. Note also that unless is very error prone at B1.

This gives us some insight into the discrepancies between the EVP and EGP.  That possibly the EVP does not consider accuracy as much as the EGP does.

 

Point 16 in CONJUNCTIONS is defined as:

more complex subordinating conjunctions (‘as long as, as soon as, in order that, despite the fact that, due to the fact that, as if, as though’) to introduce a subordinate clause.

*‘As if’ and ‘As though’ are already overlapping at two other points.

 

Point 85 in CLAUSES & subordinated is defined as:

a finite subordinate clause, before or after a main clause, with conjunctions to introduce conditions.

And the conjunctions in the examples are (Unless|provided)_CS

*Point 85 is already dealt with here: https://englishgrammar.pro/unless-provided/

 

 

In the EVP:

as if/as though B2
feel like/as if B1
as if B2
it looks like/as if B1
look as if/as though B2
seem like/as if/to, etc. B1
sound like/as if/as though B1

AS LONG AS (B1 or B2?)

Sadly the English Vocabulary Profile lists ‘as long as’ at B1:

Whereas both EGP points for ‘as long as’ are B2, we do not need to specify much more than that this complex conjunction is used with clauses.  So our first search in ‘as long as’ on iWeb is for general collocates either side.  We soon realise that we will not get clause data.

1 POSSIBLE (JJ ) 27060  ‘as long as possible’ is not the grammar we are looking for!

2 FINE (JJ ) 7150

(This is an acceptable collocate and it appears mostly one word to the left.  Also, note that half of the examples have a comma between them)

3 TWICE (RR ) 4597 (twice as long….)

4 REMAIN (VV0 ) 3096

(this another good collocation which appears mostly 2 words to the left)

By far ‘will’ and ‘active’ are the most common words either side here too:

 

AS SOON AS (B2 on the EGP)

But, on the EVP:

Collocates 4 spaces left and right on iWeb:

1 POSSIBLE (JJ ) 156035

2 SAW (VVD ) 7912

3 PRACTICABLE (JJ ) 7171
4 STARTS (VVZ ) 5388
5 REASONABLY (RR ) 3346
6 ARRIVE (VV0 ) 3298
7 ARRIVED (VVD ) 2693
8 BEGINS (VVZ ) 2599
9 WALKED (VVD ) 1919
10 ARRIVES (VVZ ) 1678

DESPITE THE FACT THAT

A search for nouns up to 4 to the right of ‘despite the fact that’:

DUE TO THE FACT THAT

Interestingly, the most common collocates 4 sides to the left and right on iWeb are mostly adverbs describing the extent to which something happens.  It suggests a very good way to connect these grammar points as a result.  Extending this subordinating conjunction with adverbs seems very logical.  And because we do have many to choose from as usual either the same level as the grammar or a level lower is the best choice.

1 PROBABLY (RR ) 1312

2 MAINLY (RR ) 1210


3 PARTLY (RR ) 1087


4 LARGELY (RR ) 1065


5 MOSTLY (RR ) 825


6 PRIMARILY (RR ) 420

7 PARTIALLY (RR ) 368

8 POPULARITY (NN1 ) 134

 

IN ORDER THAT

This is found in a very religious context.

1 MAY (VM ) 8569


2 MIGHT (VM ) 5219
3 NECESSARY (JJ ) 295
4 CHRIST (NP1 ) 242
5 YE (PPY ) 136
6 THOU (PPY ) 126
7 HOLY (JJ ) 107
8 SOUL (NN1 ) 99
9 SIN (NN1 ) 97
10 FLESH (NN1 ) 77
11 DIVINE (JJ ) 69
12 MAYEST (JJT ) 58
13 MANKIND (NN1 ) 57
14 THEE (PPY ) 55
15 FAITHFUL (JJ ) 53
16 ALLAH (NP1 ) 52
17 SINS (NN2 ) 51
18 ATTAIN (VVI ) 50
19 UNTO (II ) 48
20 PUNISHMENT (NN1 ) 43

 

IN CASE

When we check for nouns up to 4 spaces to the right of ‘in case’ we get a real sense of the negative situations that follow it.

1 EMERGENCY 13909

However, most of these are ‘in case of an emergency’  which is not the following clause we are looking for.  It is similar for most these phrases.

2 YOURE 6668 (missing punctuation)  3 FAILURE 3441,  4 ACCIDENT 2460, 5 FIRE 2389, 6 PROBLEMS 2236, 7 POWER 2143, 8 WEATHER 2070, 9 EMERGENCIES 1997, 10 THINGS 1911

 

So if we do a search for verbs as lemmas up to 4 spaces to the right we get:

Most of these are the usual top 100 basic verbs, except ‘wonder’,  ‘forget”, ‘happen” and ‘lose’.

1 [BE] 84736, 2 [DO] 33774, 3 [HAVE] 33371, 4 [NEED] 25407, 5 [WANT] 17975, 6 [GET] 15622

7 [WONDER] 14397

8 [MISS] 13683, 9 [GO] 8794, 10 [KNOW] 7933,

 

11 [HAPPEN] 6397

12 [CAN] 5066, 13 [MAKE] 4789,

 

14 [FORGET] 4709

15 [USE] 4329, 16 [FIND] 4022, 17 [COME] 3838, 18 [SEE] 3499,

19 [LOSE] 3453

20 [THINK] 3381

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