NON-FINITE past participle CLAUSES

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 7 in the category of FOCUS is defined as:

non-finite subordinate clause with an ‘-ed’ form, before a main clause, for focus, often in formal, academic or business contexts.


Also see Pearson’s 76 GSE C1:

add information using appended clauses with ‘being’ and/or passive participles.
Given enough time, she‘ll do it eventually.


*EGP is confusing when they say ‘-ed’, surely ‘past participles’ would be more accurate and clearer.

The two examples in the EGP start as such:

Compared_VVN to_II other_JJ European_JJ capitals_NN2 ,_, there_EX has_VHZ ...
Outlined_VVN below_RL are_VBR ...

With iWeb we can look for:

. _VVN * * * *

*but most of these will not meet the definition.

1 . GONE ARE THE DAYS 5606
2 . MADE IN THE USA 2975


3 . LOCATED IN THE HEART 2952

  Beat Magazine
Located in the heart of the city, the gymnasium swaps out treadmills for pianos and guitars and gives budding musicians the chance to learn an …

4 . BORN AND RAISED IN 2905


5 . GIVEN THE FACT THAT 1933

B2 PELIC STUDENT:

48330,ga6,Arabic,Male,1040,4,w,6118,1,293

Given the fact that having more leisure time can lead to positive results , one can be more creative in his work.


6 . TAKEN TOGETHER, THESE 1709
7 . BASED ON THE RESULTS 1266
8 . BASED ON THIS, 1235
9 . BASED ON THE INFORMATION 1190
10 . KNOWN AS THE ” 1160
11 . LISTED BELOW ARE THE 1151
12 . BASED ON WHAT I 1056
13 . GIVEN THE NATURE OF 1043
14 . WORKED LIKE A CHARM 954
15 . TURNED OUT TO BE 937
16 . BASED ON MY EXPERIENCE 905
17 . TAKEN TOGETHER , THE 902
18 . MADE IN THE USA. 894
19 . MADE IN USA . 889
20 . LISTED BELOW ARE SOME 853
21 . BASED ON THIS INFORMATION 838
22 . BASED ON THAT , 799
23 . ENTERED SERVICE AT : 795
24 . GIVEN THE NUMBER OF 792
25 . GRANTED , IT ‘S 701
26 . GIVEN THE IMPORTANCE OF 696
27 . USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH 692
28 . BROUGHT TO YOU BY 689
29 . GIVEN THE AMOUNT OF 687
30 . BASED ON WHAT YOU 683
31 . ADDED TO THIS , 614
32 . TAKEN AS A WHOLE 602
33 . GIVEN THE LACK OF 590


34 . ADDED TO THAT, 585

PELIC B1 STUDENT:

Added to that, ddukboggi has an effect to prevent to be fat. [that prevents obesity.]

 


35 . ARMED WITH THIS INFORMATION 582
36 . COMMITTED TO PRISON FOR 579
37 . MADE IN CHINA . 578
38 . FIXED AN ISSUE WHERE 570
39 . DESIGNED TO BE USED 565
40 . GRANTED , THERE ARE 559
41 . SITUATED IN THE HEART 555
42 . GRANTED , THIS IS 554
43 . OWNED AND OPERATED BY 534
44 . BASED ON THE DATA 532
45 . COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS 530
46 . DESIGNED FOR USE WITH 529
47 . GIVEN THE SIZE OF 526
48 . MADE IN THE U.S.A. 514
49 . USED WITH PERMISSION . 509
50 . RETRIEVED FROM LONG … 505
51 . MADE IN ITALY . 501
52 . MADE FROM HIGH QUALITY 500
53 . WRITTEN AND DIRECTED BY 474
54 . KNOWN AS ” THE 471
55 . BASED ON WHAT WE 459
56 . CONTRIBUTED BY OLEG KALNICHEVSKI 459
57 . COMPARED TO THE OTHER 454
58 . ARMED WITH THIS KNOWLEDGE 452
59 . GOT TA LOVE THE 439
60 . BASED ON THESE FINDINGS 437
61 . GRANTED , IT WAS 424
62 . BASED ON OUR EXPERIENCE 422
63 . BASED IN NEW YORK 420
64 . BASED ON THE NUMBER 408
65 . BASED ON THE CURRENT 407
66 . SUPPLIED PHOTO . 405
67 . BASED ON YOUR DESCRIPTION 402
68 . RECOGNIZED AS ONE OF 401
69 . BASED ON THESE RESULTS 400
70 . COUPLED WITH THE FACT 396
71 . ADDED TO THIS IS 395
72 . PUBLISHED ON THE VISUAL 390
73 . FOUNDED IN 1999 , 383
74 . NAMED IN STORY ENTITLED 380
75 . FIXED A BUG THAT 379
76 . BASED ON A TRUE 378
77 . MADE FROM 100% COTTON 376
78 . MADE IN USA. Q! 367
79 . PROVIDED BY REFSEQ , 363
80 . KNOWN AS ONE OF 362
81 . TUCKED AWAY IN THE 357
82 . GIVEN THE COMPLEXITY OF 355
83 . PROJECTED ROUND ( 2017 353
84 . SUBMITTED TO WHO BY 350
85 . BASED IN LONDON , 347
86 . GRANTED , IT IS 344
87 . RETRIEVED FROM HTTP : 341
88 . BASED ON THE FINDINGS 339
89 . GIVEN THIS , IT 339
90 . CONVERTED TO PDF BY 335
91 . DESIGNED TO MEET THE 335
92 . REGARDED AS ONE OF 333
93 . TAKEN TOGETHER , THEY 332
94 . BASED ON THE ABOVE 327
95 . VOTED UP ! 325
96 . RECOMMENDED . Q! Q! 323
97 . PROJECTED ROUND ( 2016 322
98 . FOUNDED IN 2010 , 319
99 . FOUNDED IN 2006 , 315
100 . GIVEN THE CHOICE , 314