ALTHOUGH | THOUGH + non-finite clause

C2 point 131 in CLAUSES/subordinated is defined as:

non-finite clauses after subordinating conjunctions ‘(although, though)’, to express contrast.

  • … although married, my mother decided not to leave…
  •  Although committed to her job she successfully maintains her social contacts…
  • Jack, though disappointed, respects the result.

The EGP examples above, use Past Participles, but the definition above does not mention them as being critical to this as a C2 structure.

*The tagging might make mistakes between VVN and JJ = past participle and adjective for this point.


An iWeb search for:

though|although _VVN

1 ALTHOUGH BASED 907
2 THOUGH GIVEN 860
3 ALTHOUGH GIVEN 767
4 ALTHOUGH DESIGNED 731
5 ALTHOUGH CONSIDERED 680
6 THOUGH BASED 632
7 ALTHOUGH BORN 599
8 ALTHOUGH WRITTEN 508
9 THOUGH BORN 488
10 THOUGH MADE 483
11 ALTHOUGH LIMITED 478
12 ALTHOUGH KNOWN 474
13 ALTHOUGH MADE 410
14 ALTHOUGH USED 406
15 THOUGH WRITTEN 392
16 THOUGH LIMITED 382
17 THOUGH WED 346
18 THOUGH CONSIDERED 278
19 THOUGH KNOWN 272
20 THOUGH DESIGNED 258
21 ALTHOUGH INTENDED 251
22 ALTHOUGH SET 249
23 ALTHOUGH WED 248
24 ALTHOUGH BUILT 220
25 THOUGH COMPARED 213
26 ALTHOUGH LOCATED 203
27 THOUGH HED 188
28 ALTHOUGH CALLED 186
29 ALTHOUGH FOUND 184


30 THOUGH SEPARATED 170

  The Local Germany
Seven German words which originally come from India

 


31 THOUGH CALLED 167
32 ALTHOUGH AIMED 123
33 ALTHOUGH CREATED 118
34 THOUGH RELATED 116
35 ALTHOUGH DESCRIBED 110
36 ALTHOUGH DEVELOPED 106
37 ALTHOUGH TRAINED 93
38 THOUGH INTENDED 91
39 ALTHOUGH FOUNDED 84
40 ALTHOUGH RAISED 84
41 ALTHOUGH PUBLISHED 82
42 THOUGH HIDDEN 81
43 ALTHOUGH COMPARED 79
44 ALTHOUGH GRANTED 77
45 ALTHOUGH FOCUSED 77
46 THOUGH GRANTED 74
47 ALTHOUGH INSPIRED 73
48 ALTHOUGH NAMED 73
49 ALTHOUGH SEEN 72
50 THOUGH SET 71

B2 vocabulary: founded, granted, inspired, related, separated


Although discovered only in 1988, they are now recognized as the most abundant organisms on Earth.

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*However this clause does refer to time.  It seems more like ellipsis:  ‘Although it was discovered only in 1988