CS

and | but | or | because

A1 points 1-7 in the English Grammar Profile are listed as: single word conjunctions (‘and, but, or’): to connect single nouns and adjectives. to combine phrases, clauses, and sentences. ‘and’ and ‘or’ before the final item in a list. ‘but’ to add unexpected contrast. ‘because’ as a subordinating conjunction to introduce a subordinate clause. An …

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BEFORE

1 BEFORE (II) 3240842 3 BEFORE (CS) 2449322 4 BEFORE (RT) 1195294 As a time adverb it is usually followed by punctuation such as a fulltop to end the sentence. 1 EVER (RR) BEFORE (RT) . (.) 46488 2 THAN (CSN) BEFORE (RT) . (.) 25451 3 SEEN (VVN) BEFORE (RT) . (.) 21220 4 …

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UNTIL

‘Until’ is usually conjunction, but sometimes it functions as a preposition. 1 UNTIL (CS) 2251777 4 UNTIL (II) 358880 6 UNTIL (II22) 73389

ONCE

Words like ‘once’ and ‘twice’ can be predeterminers as multipliers.  For example: “Once every two weeks”  “Twice a day” However, ‘once’ is very often a subordinating conjunction or general adverb. 1 ONCE (CS@_RR) 2000496 2 ONCE (RR) 1897790 3 ONCE (RR_CS@) 994010 4 ONCE (RR21) 550086 5 ONCE (RR22) 257464 6 ONCE (RR33) 55643 7 …

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ONLY

1 ONLY (JJ) 15190271 2 ONLY (RR) 2915525 3 ONLY (RR_JJ) 250583 4 ONLY (JJ_RR) 63324 5 ONLY (RR_CS%) 5100

FOR

1 FOR (IF) 140146366 2 FOR (REX21) 3179356 4 FOR (II22) 659776 5 (RR21) “for sure“ 8 FOR (CS) 211159 10 FOR (RR41) 157117 12 FOR (II33) 39024 13 FOR (RT41) 37725 14 FOR (RR43) 31200 15 FOR (II31) 27475 18 FOR (RG33) 455

if | when | so | while + SUBORDINATE CLAUSE

Here’s a simple subordinating conjunction ‘if’ in a sentence: If you would like to see me again, then give me a call. listen The only point for A2 CONJUNCTIONS is point 8, which is defined as: a limited range of simple subordinating conjunctions ‘(if, when, so, while)’ to introduce a subordinate clause. WHILE The conjunction ‘while’ is also listed at B2 in the …

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Is “Unless” B1 or B2?

EVP

In the English Vocabulary Profile, the pictured item “unless” has one level = B1. 18 CONJUNCTIONS subordinating B2 3 wide range of simple subordinating conjunctions (‘once, whereas, unless, except (that) provided (that)’), to introduce a subordinate clause. Getting to work by car is comfortable, and faster unless you are caught in a traffic jam.  Unless …

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