ought

ought to have + PAST PARTICIPLE

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 202 in MODALITY is defined as: PAST AFFIRMATIVE ‘ought to have’ + ‘-ed’ to refer to desired states of affairs in the past. This structure can express regret or show that something did not happen or was not the case in the past. For example: l ought to have stayed in Kentucky where l belong. listen In …

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