infinitive

  • An ‘infinitive’ is the basic form of a verb that usually goes after ‘to’.
  • Usually, when we say ‘infinitive’ we mean the most common: present infinitive after ‘TO’ (the basic/base form of verbs that we learn first or find in dictionaries).
  • The infinitive can also take a perfect, continuous, and passive form or a combination of those.

defining relative clause TO infinitive

Here’s an expert example of a defining relative clause using TO-infinitive: Several years earlier, she‘d become the first woman to ski to the South Pole. Listen to the sentence. The first woman to ski can be written in another way with the same meaning: the first woman who skied  Pearson’s GSE 56 B1+ is defined:  construct defining (restrictive) relative clauses with ‘to’ + infinitive verb …

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‘It is for you to decide.’ (FOR +TO infinitive clause)

Pearson’s GSE 58 B1+ clause + ‘for’ to introduce an infinitive clause with a different subject.  The important thing is for you to arrive on time. My aim is for my children to go to university. A search in iWeb for: _VB for * _TO _VVI 1 IS FOR YOU TO DECIDE 392 (most examples with this string contained ‘whether’ or ‘whether or not’ which is C2.) 2 IS FOR YOU …

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‘In order not to’ + INFINITIVE

PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I think we should do our best at the present moment in order not to be regretful. Chinese male level 5 writing class. We will only cover half of: GSE 60 B2 express negative purpose with ‘so as/in order not to’ In order not to seem stupid, he didn’t say anything. I came in very quietly, so as not to wake anyone. because ‘so as not to’ is at C1 in the English Vocabulary Profile.  ‘in order …

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passive + TO infinitve (belief or opinion)

Point 73 GSE B2+ is defined: express impersonal belief and opinion using ‘thought/considered/believed/etc.’ +’ to’ + VP infSTUDENT STUDENT EXAMPLES: Moreover, English is considered to be an international language. PELIC Thai male level 5 writing class.   In addition, he is believed to be the first teacher, because the first education system in ancient China was established by Confucius. PELIC Chinese male level 5 grammar class. EXPERT EXAMPLE: After all, the first intentional human burial is thought to have occurred around 100,000 years ago. …

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TO HAVE TO

Point 117 in the category of MODALITY is defined: ‘have to’ as an infinitive form *This will overlap sometimes with B2 adjectives followed by an infinitive. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: A child is very expensive, this causes parents to have to work more, which can lead to frustration and anger. Taiwanese female, level 4 writing class. An iWeb search for: * _TO have _TO _VVI 1 GOING TO HAVE TO GET 4269 …

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VERB + DIRECT OBJECT + to INFINITIVE

This post contains an example of overlapping B1 grammar points located inside two different categories in the English Grammar Profile (EGP). EGP B1 point 6 in the category of REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: REPORTED REQUESTS AND COMMANDS with ‘ask’ or ‘tell’ + direct object and ‘to-‘infinitive EGP B1 point 38 in the category of …

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love | hate | prefer + VERBing | to INFINITVE

Point 19 VERBS/patterns is defined as: verbs expressing preference followed either by a ‘to’-infinitive or an ‘-ing’ form, with no change in meaning. *Much of this grammar overlaps A2 Modality, for example, “I would love to share with you.”   A search in iWeb for LOVE _VVG 1 LOVE SEEING 14175 2 LOVE USING 13703 3 LOVE WORKING …

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too ADJECTIVE to INFINITIVE

Point 68 in the category of CLAUSES/comparatives is defined as: ‘TOO’ + adjective + ‘to’-infinitive. A search in iWeb for: too _J to _VVI 1 TOO EARLY TO TELL 4736 2 TOO EARLY TO SAY 4112 3 TOO EARLY TO START 3206 4 TOO GOOD TO PASS 2967 5 TOO BIG TO FAIL 2827 6 …

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the best NOUN to VERB

Point 35 in adjectives/superlatives is defined as: ‘the best’ before a noun + to infinitive clauses A search in iWeb for: the best _NN to _VVI 1 THE BEST WAY TO GET 24333 2 THE BEST WAY TO GO 10777 3 THE BEST WAY TO MAKE 7555 4 THE BEST WAY TO LEARN 6615 5 …

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‘It’s not hard to see why’ (‘BE’ not + ADJECTIVE + to-INFINTIVE)

Here’s an expert example in the news of modality expressed with the ‘BE’ not + ADJECTIVE + to-INFINTIVE’ grammar structure:   Quartz For many Chinese internet users, it is not uncommon to see bloggers they follow fall out of their news feeds. Point 212 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘be’ + ‘not’ + adjective + ‘to’ + infinitive a search on iWeb for: _VB _XX _JJ _TO _VVI 1 ‘S …

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‘He told me not to do it.’ (negative request)

The English Grammar Profile B2 point 14 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: ‘ask’ or ‘tell’ + direct object + ‘not’ + ‘to-‘infinitive. This point can be extended with Pearson’s GSE 60 B2 report orders, requests and advice with infinitive clauses. She told me not to do it. He warned us not to be late. *Pearson also includes an affirmative example: ‘She encouraged him to …

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“I’ll get them to come.” (GET + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE)

Let’s analyse and then listen to the grammar structure: ‘get someone or something to do something’ by looking at real expert examples: I can’t get these parents to come. I’ll get them to come. Listen to these examples. The same meaning can be written in other ways: I can’t make them come. I can’t change their minds to make them come. I …

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TO

1 TO (TO) 240771826 2 TO (II) 124459804 3 TO (II22) 11440980 5 TO (II33) 2184195 6 TO (RG22) 1805634 13 TO (RR43) 192520 14 TO (JJ32) 162910 18 TO (REX43) 32310 19 TO (II44) 26350 27 TO (RL31) 8392 32 TO (JJ42) 2944