BY phrases

In this post we explore the ways ‘by’ is tagged in large corpora such as iWeb and NOW.

1 BY (II) is clearly most commonly found to be a simple preposition.

2 BY (II31) (complex prepositional phrase)

1 BY WAY OF 81460 C1

Second, the other sentences which make up the body of the paragraph should support the topic sentence 

by way of explaining or defining it.

PELIC STUDENT: Korean female, level 5 writing class.

2  BY MEANS OF 79143 C1

Howeverit is wrong that you generalize Japanese by means of observing [the] only one person subjectively.

Japanese male, level 5 reading class.

3  BY REASON OF 25142

We find the defendant not guilty by reason of temporary insanity.

listen

 

3 BY (RR21) (adverbial phrase)

BY FAR 174076

4 BY (RT21)(time)

BY NOW 123734

You ought to be pretty knowledgeable by nowthen.

listen

5 BY (RR31) 93770

1  BY NO MEANS 68471
2  BY AND LARGE 18474
3  BY AND BY 3394
4  BY THE BY 1785

6 BY (RR41) 1674

BY FAR AND AWAY 1626

7 BY (NP1) 186 (proper nouns = names)
8 BY (RP) 168 (particle)

1 GO BY 27901
2 STOP BY 25013
3 GET BY 23424
4 CLOSE BY 17170
5 WENT BY 12069
6 GOES BY 11831
7 STOPPING BY 11275
8 COME BY 9844
9 PASS BY 8267
10 STOPPED BY 6740

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.