complex ordering of past events

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 86 in the category of PAST is defined as:

past simple to order sequences of events in the past in a complex way.

*What constitutes ‘complex ordering’ is not clearly explained in the grammar description. The English Grammar Profile examples are:

Following advice from a friend, I purchased the English version of your product, only to find out its quality did not match the promises made in your advertisement.

After having discussed this subject with the other memberwe came up with the following decisions.

The common form between these two is non-finite VERB-ING + past verb or the vocabulary ‘following’.  Searching for such long variable queries are impossible in iWeb.  The best we can start with is just looking for the starting gerund and wild cards, or copying the EGP ‘starts’.

Also, note that at B1 students can use ‘after’ or ‘before’ + verb-ing in a subordinate clause. And B2 students can use ‘after having + past participle’.

For example:

Two of these brothers walked out of the desert one hundred and fifty years after having found the Grail 

and began the long journey back to France, but only one of them made it.

listen


. _V*G * * * 

1 . HAVING SAID THAT, 15669

Having said that, I did not choose destruction, I chose to pick up a camera instead of a gun.

2 . LOOKING FORWARD TO THE 2385
3 . LOOKING FORWARD TO SEEING 2226
4 . TAKING THE TIME TO 2207
5 . LOOKING BACK, I 1919
6 . FOLLOWING THE COMPLETION OF 1888
7 . GOING BACK TO THE 1622
8 . HAVING THE ABILITY TO 1544
9 . USING A COMBINATION OF 1334
10 . HAVING SAID THIS, 1247
11 . BEING ONE OF THE 1232
12 . BEING A PART OF 1214
13 . LOOKING FORWARD TO YOUR 1172
14 . USING THIS METHOD, 1063
15 . HAVING SAID THAT I 1051
16 . GROWING UP, I 1031
17 . BEING ABLE TO SEE 1029
18 . TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE 965
19 . TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE 963
20 . GROWING UP IN THE 960
21 . FOLLOWING THE SUCCESS OF 944
22 . WORKING CLOSELY WITH THE 923
23 . LOOKING FORWARD TO HEARING 908
24 . HAVING GROWN UP IN 895
25 . FAILING TO DO SO 869
26 . KEEPING IN MIND THAT 869
27 . DOING SO WILL HELP 867
28 . TRYING TO FIGURE OUT 850
29 . GROWING UP IN A 845
30 . KEEPING THIS IN MIND 785
31 . BEING PART OF THE 756
32 . USING THIS INFORMATION, 753
33 . FOLLOWING ARE SOME OF 737
34 . DATING BACK TO THE 718
35 . LOOKING FORWARD TO MORE 690
36 . LEADING UP TO THE 683
37 . FOLLOWING THE TRANSACTION, 675
38 . HAVING SAID ALL THAT 652
39 . FOLLOWING IN THE FOOTSTEPS 650
40 . USING A VARIETY OF 646
41 . LOOKING BACK AT THE 644
42 . BEING A MEMBER OF 642
43 . ROUNDING OUT THE TOP 635
44 . TAKING A LOOK AT 634
45 . LOOKING BACK, IT 633
46 . BEING PART OF A 630
47 . LOOKING FORWARD TO IT 623
48 . FOLLOWING THIS, THE 616
49 . DOING IT THIS WAY 605
50 . HAVING THE OPPORTUNITY TO 603
51 . BEING ABLE TO DO 599
52 . FOLLOWING IS A LIST 595
53 . LOOKING FORWARD TO TRYING 593
54 . LOOKING FORWARD TO READING 589
55 . WORKING TOGETHER, WE 588
56 . LOOKING BACK ON IT 583
57 . MAKING MATTERS WORSE, 583
58 . BEARING IN MIND THAT 577
59 . FOLLOWING THE DEATH OF 576
60 . FOLLOWING THE SALE, 571
61 . BEING ABLE TO USE 562
62 . WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP WITH 562
63 . LOOKING FORWARD TO A 561
64 . FOLLOWING THE RELEASE OF 543
65 . FOLLOWING ON FROM THE 542
66 . GOING FORWARD, THE 534
67 . GETTING RID OF THE 522
68 . FIGURING OUT HOW TO 518
69 . KEEPING THAT IN MIND 517
70 . USING YOUR HANDS, 515
71 . USING A SHARP KNIFE 510
72 . WISHING YOU ALL THE 508
73 . COMING OUT OF THE 506
74 . GROWING UP, MY 499
75 . KEEPING UP WITH THE 472
76 . INCREASING THE NUMBER OF 469
77 . ADDING INSULT TO INJURY 466
78 . GOING FORWARD, WE 463
79 . USING THIS APPROACH, 460
80 . DOING SO WILL ALLOW 455
81 . TAKING CARE OF YOUR 449
82 . STAYING ON TOP OF 447
83 . STANDING IN FRONT OF 445
84 . BEING AWARE OF THE 441
85 . BEING ABLE TO GET 436
86 . FINDING A WAY TO 428
87 . BEING ABLE TO WORK 426
88 . LOOKING FORWARD TO GETTING 426
89 . MAKING THE MOST OF 426
90 . GON NA HAVE TO 425
91 . GOING TO HAVE TO 422
92 . TRYING TO FIND A 421
93 . USING DATA FROM THE 417
94 . THINKING ABOUT IT, 414
95 . LOOKING BACK NOW, 412
96 . DRINKING PLENTY OF WATER 408
97 . FOLLOWING ARE A FEW 407
98 . KEEPING AN EYE ON 406
99 . STARTING OUT AS A 404
100 . USING A SLOTTED SPOON 403


A search in NOW corpus for:

. _II _V*G _V*N*

1 ON BEING ASKED 998
2 AFTER DISCOVERING LINUX 675
3 AFTER BEING RELEASED 423
4 AFTER BEING TOLD 365
5 DESPITE HAVING BEEN 303
6 AFTER HAVING BEEN 297
7 AFTER BEING DIAGNOSED 237
8 AFTER BEING ASKED 221
9 ON BEING INFORMED 201
10 AFTER BEING TAKEN 199
11 AFTER BEING HELD 171
12 AFTER BEING ARRESTED 168
13 AFTER BEING NAMED 163
14 AFTER BEING FORCED 163
15 AFTER BEING SELECTED 154
16 AFTER BEING TREATED 143
17 AFTER BEING GIVEN 139
18 AFTER BEING INTRODUCED 130
19 ON BEING TOLD 128
20 AFTER BEING INFORMED 126
21 ON BEING QUESTIONED 125
22 AFTER BEING DRAFTED 125
23 AFTER BEING CAUGHT 125
24 AFTER HAVING SPENT 123
25 BEFORE BEING ELECTED 122
26 DESPITE BEING BORN 121
27 DESPITE BEING TOLD 118
28 AFTER BEING HIT 115
29 AFTER BEING CLOSED 115
30 AFTER HAVING STARTED 113
31 AFTER BEING SENT 112
32 SINCE BEING ELECTED 110
33 AFTER BEING DISCHARGED 107
34 AFTER BEING ELECTED 104
35 AFTER BEING PUT 104
36 AFTER BEING CALLED 102
37 AFTER BEING LEFT 95
38 AFTER BEING TRADED 91
39 AFTER BEING SHOT 88
40 AFTER BEING CONTACTED 88
41 AFTER BEING DROPPED 86
42 AFTER HAVING WORKED 86
43 UPON BEING ASKED 84
44 AFTER BEING QUESTIONED 84
45 AFTER HAVING LOST 81
46 AFTER BEING REJECTED 80
47 AFTER BEING FIRED 80
48 AFTER BEING CUT 78
49 BEFORE BEING APPOINTED 78
50 SINCE BEING DRAFTED 77
51 AFTER BEING RESCUED 76
52 SINCE BEING FOUNDED 75
53 AFTER BEING FOUND 73
54 AFTER BEING SHOWN 71
55 DESPITE HAVING HAD 71
56 BY GETTING RID 71
57 AFTER BEING DENIED 71
58 AFTER BEING EXPOSED 71
59 UPON BEING INFORMED 70
60 AFTER BEING PLACED 68
61 AFTER BEING BEATEN 67
62 AFTER BEING AWARDED 67
63 AFTER BEING ACCUSED 67
64 DESPITE BEING MADE 66
65 AFTER BEING CHARGED 65
66 AFTER BEING ACQUIRED 65
67 AFTER BEING CONFRONTED 65
68 AFTER BEING TURNED 64
69 AFTER BEING PASSED 64
70 AFTER BEING CONVICTED 63
71 AFTER BEING SPOTTED 63
72 DESPITE BEING KNOWN 62
73 DESPITE BEING RELEASED 62
74 AFTER BEING KNOCKED 61
75 AFTER BEING GRANTED 61
76 DESPITE HAVING EARNED 60
77 AFTER BEING SHUT 60
78 AFTER BEING EXAMINED 60

 


A search for:

. _II _VVG * *

(not many of these will have past simple verbs near them and B1 uses a preposition + gerund)

1 . BY CONTINUING TO USE 139918
2 . BY CONTINUING TO BROWSE 40317
3 . BY SUBMITTING YOUR COMMENTS 31143
4 . IN DOING SO, 17472
5 . BY USING OUR SITE 17271
6 . BY USING THE SITE 17022
7 . BY DOING SO, 11539
8 . BY USING THIS SITE 10119
9 . BEFORE DECIDING TO TRADE 7748
10 . BY SIGNING IN, 7721
11 . BY POSTING A COMMENT 5641
12 . BEYOND KEEPING UP WITH 5099
13 . BY AGREEING TO THE 4799
14 . BY BROWSING OUR WEBSITE 4263
15 . BEFORE PURCHASING ANY DISCUSSED 4223
16 . AFTER OPENING THE TRADING 4056
17 . BY SCREENING SUBMISSIONS, 3548
18 . BY CLICKING ” ACCEPT 3507
19 . BY SUBMITTING YOUR COMMENT 3477
20 . BY ACCESSING THE BUSINESS 2952
21 . BY USING THE POWER 2919
22 . BY CLICKING ON AN 2912
23 . BY BROWSING THIS SITE 2764
24 . BY USING THE WEBSITE 2285
25 . IN ADDING HYPEBEAST TO 2208
26 . BY DOING THIS , 2170
27 . BY CLOSING THIS MESSAGE 2060
28 . BY VISITING THIS WEBSITE 2051
29 . BY SIGNING UP , 1847
30 . BY POSTING YOUR COMMENT 1559
31 . BY CLOSING OR IGNORING 1434
32 . BY POSTING YOUR COMMENTS 1265
33 . BY JOINING ZDNET , 1242
34 . IN DOING THIS , 1232
35 . BY SUBMITTING COMMENTS , 1132
36 . IN SAYING THAT , 1109
37 . BY USING OUR WEBSITE 1049
38 . BY SIGNING UP TO 1037
39 . AFTER SUBMITTING ARTICLES FOR 959
40 . BY SIGNING UP FOR 948
41 . AFTER GRADUATING FROM THE 907
42 . BY SUBSCRIBING YOU HELP 871
43 . BY PRINTING THE NEWS 811
44 . BY ACCESSING THE YAHOO 809
45 . BY APPLYING FOR A 798
46 . DESPITE BEING ONE OF 780
47 . BY SUPPORTING US , 750
48 . BY USING THIS WEBSITE 712
49 . AFTER STUDYING ECONOMICS AT 708
50 . IN DOING SO THEY 694
51 . IN PROVIDING YOU WITH 686
52 . AFTER DISCOVERING LINUX BACK 675
53 . BY SUBMITTING THIS FORM 608
54 . AFTER LAUNCHING THE SECOND-GENERATION 599
55 . BY DOING THAT , 585
56 . BY COMMENTING YOU AGREE 576
57 . BY WORKING TOGETHER , 557
58 . BY CONTINUING TO NAVIGATE 556
59 . SINCE JOINING IN 2014 556
60 . BY FOCUSING ON THE 539
61 . BY OFFERING UNIQUE AND 531
62 . AFTER DECIDING SHE ‘D 525
63 . BEFORE JOINING THE CHRONICLE 516
64 . DESPITE LEAVING IN 2003 509
65 . BY USING IN-DEPTH DATA 508
66 . AFTER WORKING AS A 480
67 . BY LOOKING AT THE 480
68 . BY USING THE JAYNESTARS 465
69 . IN DOING SO HE 465
70 . AFTER WORKING IN ADMINISTRATIVE 454
71 . BY SUBSCRIBING TO THIS 449
72 . BEFORE JOINING THE TIMES 428
73 . BEFORE COMING TO THE 427
74 . BY COMMENTING, YOU 414
75 . BY ADDING HYPEBEAST TO 410
76 . AFTER GRADUATING, HE 409
77 . BY DOING ALL THIS 407
78 . SINCE JOINING 1029 HOT 390
79 . IN DOING SO IT 377
80 . AFTER GOING THROUGH THE 372
81 . BY GIVING DRAMA CRITIQUES 372
82 . BY SUBMITTING YOUR EMAIL 366
83 . BY BROWSING DATABREACHTODAY.COM, 358
84 . BEFORE COMING TO MINNESOTA 357
85 . BEFORE LAUNCHING INFODOCKET, 356
86 . IN MAKING THE FORWARD-LOOKING 356
87 . AFTER GRADUATING FROM HIGH 354
88 . ON BEING ASKED ABOUT 351
89 . IN DOING THAT, 348
90 . BY PERFORMING SUCH PROJECTIONS 345
91 . BEFORE DECIDING TO INVEST 344
92 . BEFORE MOVING TO NEW 342
93 . SINCE TAKING OFFICE, 341
94 . BY SUBMITTING YOUR INFORMATION 338
95 . AFTER SPENDING SOME TIME 336
96 . AFTER GRADUATING WITH A 334
97 . AFTER LISTENING TO THE 332
98 . BY SUBMITTING MY EMAIL 331
99 . AFTER GIVING EFFECT TO 330
100 . SINCE WRITING HIS FIRST 323


B2 vocabulary:

accessing, beyond, browse, browsing, commenting, data, focusing, going through, graduating, ignoring, invest, launching, purchasing, submitting, trading, unique

C1:

administrative, projections

 

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