WH – negative question

WH – negative question

This post is another one where the English Grammar Profile has clashing proficiency levels associated with a point and in the examples.  Here we are looking at the category of QUESTIONS.  It is understandable that usage is what is different, but the examples could be better selected:

B2 Point 29:

‘wh-‘words + the negative form of auxiliary ‘do’ + subject + main verb to form ‘wh-‘questions.

Why don’t you go to your doctor? (*suggestion)

Why didn’t you check with the ticket office first before you wrote your article?
Why didn’t you say something about it?
Why haven’t you told me before?

*note that the examples in the EGP include ‘didn’t’ and ‘haven’t, but not in the definition.  

A2 Point 9:

negative question ‘why don’t’ + pronoun + verb, to make a suggestion or invitation.

Why d0n’t we watch a film?
Why don’t you come with me?

*The B2 examples are mostly more complex and by length.


Long search strings are not accepted in iWeb corpus, so we can start by looking for:

. _**q _vd _xx

1 . WHY DO N’T 9162

1 . WHY DON’T YOU TAKE A 78
2 . WHY DO N’T YOU HAVE A 65
3 . WHY DO N’T YOU TRY TO 50
4 . WHY DO N’T YOU GO TO 49
5 . WHY DO N’T YOU TELL ME 45
6 . WHY DO N’T YOU TRY IT 44
7 . WHY DO N’T YOU GIVE ME 37
8 . WHY DO N’T YOU GO AND 37
9 . WHY DO N’T YOU TELL US 37
10 . WHY DO N’T YOU GET A 36

PELIC STUDENTS:

713,al9,Arabic,Male,117,5,w,48,1,670

After all, if we have a hobby with a good field of studying and a good professional life. Why don’t we choose it to be our life?

 

3698,ah1,Thai,Male,175,5,w,426,1,648

Moreover, Thai people are very friendly and willing to help foreigners who come from around the world. Why don’t you visit my country in your break?

 

13214,bl2,Thai,Female,320,5,g,1885,1,169

In my case, I think that I could save more utilities in my daily life because I always forget [to] turning off a [the] TV, shutting down my laptop. Why don’t I do that?

*The above example is not an invitation or suggeston…

 

23934,al5,Korean,Male,489,4,g,3091,1,145

A: The knife can be a useful tool for everything. Okay, take it. Why don’t we take a flashlight?

 

*Above, are all the examples for ‘Why don’t…?’ and require too much interpretation to decide which level the grammar points to.


2 . WHY DIDN’T 3472

  DIYphotography
Follow these steps to come up with great photography ideas
But why didn’t I think of that? You know all the elements needed to create shots like these. You have the skill and the gear that you need.

1 . WHY DID N’T I THINK 124
2 . WHY DID N’T YOU TELL 86
3 . WHY DID N’T I GET 42
4 . WHY DID N’T YOU SAY 34
5 . WHY DID N’T THEY DO 29
6 . WHY DID N’T I DO 28
7 . WHY DID N’T WE THINK 27
8 . WHY DID N’T I RECEIVE 24
9 . WHY DID N’T YOU DO 23
10 . WHY DID N’T HE DO 21
11 . WHY DID N’T YOU GO 21
12 . WHY DID N’T ANYONE TELL 20
13 . WHY DID N’T YOU CALL 20
14 . WHY DID N’T YOU COME 20
15 . WHY DID N’T THEY USE 19
16 . WHY DID N’T HE GO 16
17 . WHY DID N’T I SEE 16
18 . WHY DID N’T IT WORK 15
19 . WHY DID N’T THEY MAKE 14
20 . WHY DID N’T YOU TAKE 14


27404,ev7,Mongol,Female,532,4,g,3639,1,228

I could have done that. Why didn’t I?

*one example in PELIC, but no main verb.


3 . WHO DOESN’T 3210

37656,dq9,Chinese,Female,701,5,w,4878,1,1221

Who doesn’t fear violence and terrorist[s] and set[ting] up her/his personal freedom on the dangerous internet? Would the people like to retain their personal freedom while they are disrupted by scams every day and suffer hackers often? There is no reason for the internet to be a wild and lawless place.

*An excellent example of rhetoric within an essay. This is very high complexity but does not qualify since it is a subject question.


4 . WHY DOES N’T 1656
5 . WHICH DOES N’T 623
6 . WHAT DOES N’T 542
7 . WHO DOES NOT 347
8 . WHAT DOES NOT 235
9 . WHICH DOES NOT 207
10 . WHAT DID N’T 191

. _**q _vh _xx

1 . WHO HASN’T 501
2 . WHY HAVEN’T 475
3 . WHY HAS N’T 448
4 . WHAT HAS N’T 269
5 . WHAT HAS NOT 242
6 . WHO HAS NOT 185
7 . WHY HAD N’T 148
8 . WHICH HAS NOT 25
9 . WHOEVER HAS NOT 21
10 . WHAT HAVE N’T 21

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