textual reference

textual reference

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Point 11 in the category of discourse markers in writing is defined as:

a range of phrases to point to other parts of a text.

A search on iWeb for As _vvn _r

1 AS MENTIONED ABOVE 32950
2 AS SHOWN BELOW 32197
3 AS DESCRIBED ABOVE 21662
4 AS SET FORTH 15420
5 AS NOTED ABOVE 14808
6 AS SET OUT 13931
7 AS MENTIONED EARLIER 13651


8 AS STATED ABOVE 12246

  Yahoo News Australia
Britney Spears ‘strongly opposed’ to father as her sole guardian
The attorney wrote he anticipated “any effort to achieve my client’s objectives as stated above will be aggressively contested by” her father.

9 AS SHOWN ABOVE 10215
10 AS DESCRIBED BELOW 9127
11 AS MENTIONED BEFORE 7051
12 AS SHOWN HERE 5994
13 AS DISCUSSED ABOVE 5939
14 AS POINTED OUT 5615
15 AS MENTIONED PREVIOUSLY 5148
16 AS DEFINED BELOW 4338
17 AS SEEN BELOW 4267
18 AS EXPLAINED ABOVE 3935
19 AS NOTED EARLIER 3722
20 AS OUTLINED ABOVE 3617
21 AS STATED EARLIER 3481
22 AS SEEN HERE 2617
23 AS INDICATED ABOVE 2564
24 AS SEEN ABOVE 2501
25 AS OUTLINED BELOW 2451
26 AS DISCUSSED BELOW 2277
27 AS LISTED BELOW 2259
28 AS STATED BEFORE 2160
29 AS DESCRIBED HERE 2092
30 AS DISCUSSED EARLIER 2044
31 AS EXPLAINED BELOW 2023
32 AS SAID ABOVE 1900
33 AS NOTED BELOW 1894
34 AS DEFINED ABOVE 1737
35 AS LISTED ABOVE 1703
36 AS ILLUSTRATED BELOW 1698
37 AS LAID OUT 1626
38 AS AMENDED FROM 1624
39 AS DETAILED BELOW 1623
40 AS STATED PREVIOUSLY 1562
41 AS DESCRIBED EARLIER 1458
42 AS SUGGESTED ABOVE 1451
43 AS SAID BEFORE 1450
44 AS INDICATED BELOW 1409
45 AS NOTED PREVIOUSLY 1222
46 AS DETAILED ABOVE 1214
47 AS PROVIDED HEREIN 1183
48 AS PICTURED ABOVE 1128
49 AS PICTURED BELOW 1122
50 AS USED HEREIN 903
51 AS DESCRIBED PREVIOUSLY 896
52 AS LAID DOWN 882
53 AS DISCUSSED PREVIOUSLY 860
54 AS EXPLAINED EARLIER 765
55 AS MENTIONED BELOW 764
56 AS SAID EARLIER 718
57 AS DESCRIBED HEREIN 709
58 AS ILLUSTRATED ABOVE 706
59 AS PROVIDED BELOW 650
60 AS SET UP 640
61 AS EXPLAINED HERE 637
62 AS VOTED ON 633
63 AS DEFINED HEREIN 630
64 AS NOTED BEFORE 596
65 AS SPECIFIED ABOVE 590
66 AS STATED BELOW 586
67 AS PROVIDED ABOVE 558
68 AS READ MORE 497
69 AS SPECIFIED BELOW 492
70 AS GIVEN BELOW 484
71 AS MENTIONED ALREADY 467
72 AS MENTIONED ELSEWHERE 435
73 AS DIRECTED ABOVE 420
74 AS USED HERE 407
75 AS DEFINED IN 399
76 AS REPORTED EARLIER 374
77 AS SPELLED OUT 351
78 AS DESCRIBED IN 336
79 AS SHOWN IN 336
80 AS DISCUSSED HERE 322
81 AS REPORTED HERE 308
82 AS SUGGESTED EARLIER 305
83 AS INDICATED EARLIER 303
84 AS PICTURED HERE 302
85 AS DESCRIBED LATER 290
86 AS OUTLINED HERE 287
87 AS INSTRUCTED ABOVE 280
88 AS STATED HEREIN 280
89 AS MENTIONED HERE 279
90 AS ILLUSTRATED HERE 276
91 AS INDICATED BY 271
92 AS GIVEN ABOVE 270
93 AS DETAILED HERE 261
94 AS SET DOWN 259
95 AS DISCUSSED LATER 247
96 AS DEMONSTRATED ABOVE 247
97 AS SEEN WHEN 245
98 AS NOTED HERE 239
99 AS PRESENTED HERE 232
100 AS DEMONSTRATED BELOW 227

B2 vocabulary in the above:
defined (4)
demonstrated (2)
detailed (3)
elsewhere (1)
illustrated (3)
indicated (4)
listed (2)
outlined (3)
pointed out (1)
presented (1)
specified (2)
stated (6)

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Legal Notice: Copyright 2019. The online software, text report and research at EnglishGrammar.Pro has made use of the English Grammar Profile. This resource is based on extensive research using the Cambridge Learner Corpus and is part of the English Profile programme, which aims to provide evidence about language use that helps to produce better language teaching materials.