passive infinitive + range

passive infinitive + range

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This grammar entry is very broad.  Point 29 in the category of PASSIVES and INFINITIVE is defined as:

affirmative and negative forms after an increasing range of main verbs, modal verbs, adjectives and nouns, in impersonal constructions.

All the range entries in the English Grammar Profile are left to interpretation and not so clear.  For that we can inspect their examples.

The examples tagged include:

  • is_VBZ supposed_JJ to_TO be_VBI given_VVN
  • was_VBDZ ready_JJ to_TO be_VBI printed_VVN
  • an_AT1 experience_NN1 not_XX to_TO be_VBI missed_VVN
  •  to_TO help_VVI youngsters_NN2 not_XX to_TO be_VBI addicted_VVN
  •  might_VM not_XX be_VBI built_VVN 

What we find is that many of the above grammar is coupled with other B2 forms that don’t require the passive element.

A search on iWeb corpus for _jj to be _vvn


READY TO BE USED

  One Step Off The Grid
When it is ready to be used, it will be converted back into AC electricity. This option means you will lose some energy.

LIKELY TO BE FOUND

  Jefferson City News Tribune
She is most likely to be found on the golf course or anywhere with her jandals on.
*note ‘most likely to’ is also a B2 probability modality structure.

 


3 ONLY TO BE TOLD 2984


LIKELY TO BE AFFECTED

  The Guardian
Those in low-paid roles are more likely to be affected than older professional women with assets, says the age discrimination commissioner.
*note ‘more likely to’ is also a B2 comparison / modality structure.

5 LIKELY TO BE USED 2911


DUE TO BE RELEASED

  Townsville Bulletin
The report is due to be released tomorrow after the committee were granted a week’s extension.
*note ‘due to be’ is also a B2 future expression with BE.

7 SUPPOSED TO BE USED 2242
8 LIKELY TO BE SEEN 1898
9 DUE TO BE COMPLETED 1608
10 ONLY TO BE USED 1599
11 DUE TO BE PUBLISHED 1314
12 LIKELY TO BE DIAGNOSED 1295
13 PROUD TO BE ASSOCIATED 1151


IMPORTANT TO BE PREPARED

  The Roundup
Falling Into Home Safety
While spending more time at home and cooking more indoors as cooler weather approaches, it is important to be prepared.

15 READY TO BE PICKED 1015
16 LIKELY TO BE CONSIDERED 974
17 LIKELY TO BE KILLED 972
18 LIKELY TO BE MADE 900
19 AVAILABLE TO BE USED 874
20 STILL TO BE DETERMINED 838
21 BEST TO BE PREPARED 810
22 DUE TO BE HELD 796
23 DUE TO BE PAID 796
24 READY TO BE SHIPPED 793
25 READY TO BE RELEASED 743
26 LIKELY TO BE CAUSED 733
27 LIKELY TO BE ENCOUNTERED 717
28 READY TO BE PUT 704
29 PROUD TO BE RECOGNIZED 700
30 LIKELY TO BE ACCEPTED 693

B1 vocabulary:

accepted (1)
considered (1)
due (5)
likely (11)
proud (2)
published (1)
recognized (1)
supposed to (1)


_nn _xx to be _vvn


OPPORTUNITY NOT TO BE MISSED

  Flightglobal
A crisis is an opportunity not to be missed.

2 EXPERIENCE NOT TO BE MISSED 607
3 EVENT NOT TO BE MISSED 518
4 SHOW NOT TO BE MISSED 145
5 NIGHT NOT TO BE MISSED 118
6 SIGHT NOT TO BE MISSED 108
7 RIGHT NOT TO BE SUBJECTED 94
8 RIGHT NOT TO BE DISCRIMINATED 76
9 DESTINATION NOT TO BE MISSED 69
10 EVENTS NOT TO BE MISSED 57
11 EVENING NOT TO BE MISSED 56
12 PLACE NOT TO BE MISSED 51
13 TRIP NOT TO BE MISSED 48
14 SPECTACLE NOT TO BE MISSED 47
15 ATTRACTION NOT TO BE MISSED 47

 



Since this point covers modal + negatvie also then this will get the most hits:

1 CAN NOT BE USED 44751
2 SHOULD NOT BE USED 31914
3 WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED 16833
4 WILL NOT BE ALLOWED 13018
5 MAY NOT BE USED 12745


WILL NOT BE CONSIDERED

  Echonetdaily
Cartoon of the week – 30 September, 2020 – Echonetdaily
Letters already published in other papers will not be considered. Please include your full name, address and phone number for verification.

7 CAN NOT BE CHANGED 10583
8 CAN NOT BE FOUND 9810
9 SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN 9604
10 CAN NOT BE MADE 9215
11 CAN NOT BE HELD 8405
12 CAN NOT BE SAID 7924
13 CAN NOT BE COMBINED 7863
14 SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED 7415
15 CA N’T BE USED 7356
16 SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED 7250
17 WILL NOT BE TOLERATED 7146
18 CAN NOT BE SEEN 6902
19 WILL NOT BE USED 6796
20 COULD NOT BE REACHED 6772
21 SHOULD NOT BE CONFUSED 6661
22 WILL NOT BE PERMITTED 6615
23 WILL NOT BE CHARGED 6600
24 CAN NOT BE REMOVED 5883
25 WILL NOT BE AFFECTED 5819
26 CAN NOT BE GUARANTEED 5810
27 CAN NOT BE TAKEN 5451
28 WILL NOT BE REQUIRED 5448
29 CAN NOT BE IGNORED 5397
30 CA N’T BE BOTHERED 5396
31 WILL NOT BE HELD 5213
32 CAN NOT BE CONSIDERED 4916
33 CAN NOT BE RETURNED 4874
34 CAN NOT BE APPLIED 4678
35 COULD NOT BE FOUND 4539
36 CAN NOT BE DENIED 4400
37 CAN NOT BE DETERMINED 4302
38 CAN NOT BE OVERSTATED 4148
39 WILL NOT BE INCLUDED 4104
40 CA N’T BE BEAT 4102
41 WILL NOT BE PROCESSED 4059
42 CAN NOT BE ACHIEVED 3713
43 WILL NOT BE REFUNDED 3693
44 MUST NOT BE USED 3687
45 CAN NOT BE RESOLVED 3675
46 CAN NOT BE TRUSTED 3669
47 SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN 3613
48 CAN NOT BE EXPLAINED 3328
49 CA N’T BE FOUND 3313
50 WILL NOT BE GIVEN 3303
51 SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED 3131
52 CAN NOT BE REACHED 3119
53 WOULD NOT BE ALLOWED 3108
54 WILL NOT BE RETURNED 3092
55 CAN NOT BE TRANSFERRED 3088
56 WILL NOT BE MADE 3063
57 WILL NOT BE RELEASED 3051
58 WILL NOT BE ISSUED 2996
59 SHOULD NOT BE RELIED 2970
60 SHOULD NOT BE CONSTRUED 2914
61 CAN NOT BE AVOIDED 2880
62 WILL NOT BE COVERED 2864
63 CA N’T BE SEEN 2845
64 MAY NOT BE REQUIRED 2833
65 CAN NOT BE ACCESSED 2814
66 CAN NOT BE ACCEPTED 2808
67 COULD NOT BE USED 2794
68 SHOULD NOT BE OVERLOOKED 2780
69 CAN NOT BE REPLACED 2776
70 CAN NOT BE OBTAINED 2765
71 CAN NOT BE IDENTIFIED 2705
72 SHOULD N’T BE USED 2704
73 CAN NOT BE EXPECTED 2661
74 SHALL NOT BE DEEMED 2655
75 SHALL NOT BE CONSTRUED 2582
76 SHOULD NOT BE IGNORED 2579
77 CAN NOT BE SOLD 2578
78 SHOULD NOT BE UNDERESTIMATED 2576
79 CA N’T BE SAID 2551
80 CAN NOT BE REDEEMED 2550
81 SHALL NOT BE USED 2527
82 CAN NOT BE EXCLUDED 2520
83 SHALL NOT BE CONSIDERED 2501
84 CAN NOT BE UNDERESTIMATED 2488
85 CAN NOT BE GIVEN 2465
86 CAN NOT BE SEPARATED 2457
87 CAN NOT BE MODIFIED 2439
88 CAN NOT BE COMPLETED 2415
89 WILL NOT BE SHARED 2409
90 WILL NOT BE PROVIDED 2387
91 CAN NOT BE READ 2381
92 MAY NOT BE COMBINED 2354
93 WOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED 2351
94 CAN NOT BE MEASURED 2328
95 WILL NOT BE PAID 2328
96 SHOULD NOT BE SEEN 2316
97 CAN NOT BE MOVED 2287
98 CAN NOT BE CONTROLLED 2246
99 SHOULD N’T BE ALLOWED 2237
100 CAN NOT BE NAMED 2229

Vocabulary frequency in the above:

considered: 5
allowed: 4
found: 3
seen: 3
required: 3
given: 3
accepted: 2
taken: 2
made: 2
held: 2
said: 2
combined: 2
reached: 2
ignored: 2
returned: 2
would: 2
construed: 2
underestimated: 2

B1 in those:

accepted
allowed
considered
reached
required

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