dare not | need not

This is another overlapping B2 grammar point found in a few different places in the English Grammar Profile.

Point 47 in VERBS is defined as

semi-modal auxiliary verbs, ‘dare’ and ‘need’.

The two examples are both in the negative. And the comments in the EGP are very interesting for this point:

LOW FREQUENCY ITEM. There is very little use of dare as a semi-modal in CLC even at C2 level. Most examples are dare as main verb. At C level there is lots of evidence of dare + to inf and lots of errors with dare + -ing; Similarly need is most frequently used as a lexical verb need to.

*Also there are no examples of ‘dare’ as semi-modal in the whole PELIC corpus.

Half of this grammar point is covered under ‘need not’ at the same level. And the other is covered at the same level under ‘dare not infinitive’.

An iWeb search:

need|dare _XX _VVI

1 NEED NOT WORRY 3684
2 NEED NOT APPLY 1810
3 NEED N’T WORRY 1443
4 NEED NOT FEAR 1407
5 NEED NOT LOOK 875

6 NEED NOT GO 720

Arabic,Male,5,w

Students need not even go to class because they know the lecture notes will be on the class web page along with the practice midterms and finals.

7 NEED NOT TAKE 552
8 NEED NOT WAIT 428
9 NEED NOT MAKE 426
10 DARE NOT SPEAK 339
11 NEED NOT INCLUDE 294
12 NEED NOT KNOW 285
13 NEED NOT SAY 261
14 NEED NOT CONCERN 246
15 NEED NOT FEEL 232
16 NEED NOT USE 226
17 NEED N’T LOOK 217
18 NEED NOT TELL 206
19 NEED NOT MEAN 193
20 NEED NOT GIVE 184
21 NEED NOT PAY 179
22 NEED NOT CONSIDER 168
23 NEED NOT SPEND 163
24 NEED NOT PROVIDE 153
25 NEED NOT ADDRESS 150
26 NEED NOT BOTHER 146
27 NEED N’T BOTHER 144
28 NEED NOT WONDER 138
29 NEED NOT DECIDE 137
30 NEED NOT COME 137
31 NEED N’T GO 133
32 DARE NOT SAY 131
33 NEED NOT DESPAIR 131
34 NEED NOT GET 130
35 NEED NOT PROVE 125

B1 vocabulary: apply, consider, fear, prove, provide, wonder


Japanese,Female,4,w

You need not think too formally or too particularly.