said | told * that + CLAUSE (tense shift)

Point 8 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as:

report statements using a reporting clause with ‘say’ or ‘tell’ + ‘that-‘clause, with a pronoun and tense shift where relevant

*At A2 students can already use ‘said’ or ‘tell’ with a pronoun shift.  Therefore, we might surmise that at B1 it must include a tense shift.  There are many points clashing and overlapping for reported speech.  For example A2 REPORTING VERBS + DIRECT OBJECT ‘THAT’-CLAUSE a limited range of verbs and even B2 past perfect if reporting past simple.

This makes it very difficult to untangle.


A search in iWeb for:

said that * had _VVN

1 SAID THAT HE HAD SEEN 198
2 SAID THAT HE HAD HEARD 130

3 SAID THAT HE HAD RECEIVED 96

  Free Press Journal
Shapoorji Pallonji lodges complaint against one for misusing company to dupe job seekers
A company official said that he had received an email from a job seeker in September last year.
6 Feb 2021

4 SAID THAT THEY HAD SEEN 86
5 SAID THAT SHE HAD SEEN 81
6 SAID THAT HE HAD COME 78
7 SAID THAT HE HAD MADE 76
8 SAID THAT HE HAD SPOKEN 65
9 SAID THAT HE HAD FOUND 54
10 SAID THAT HE HAD GONE 52
11 SAID THAT HE HAD TAKEN 50
12 SAID THAT HE HAD TRIED 48
13 SAID THAT HE HAD MET 43
14 SAID THAT THEY HAD RECEIVED 43
15 SAID THAT HE HAD ASKED 42
16 SAID THAT THEY HAD EXPERIENCED 42
17 SAID THAT THEY HAD HEARD 42
18 SAID THAT IT HAD RECEIVED 41
19 SAID THAT SHE HAD HEARD 40
20 SAID THAT SHE HAD RECEIVED 40
21 SAID THAT HE HAD GIVEN 36
22 SAID THAT THEY HAD USED 35
23 SAID THAT HE HAD TOLD 32
24 SAID THAT THEY HAD TAKEN 31
25 SAID THAT HE HAD KNOWN 30
26 SAID THAT HE HAD DECIDED 29
27 SAID THAT HE HAD LOST 29
28 SAID THAT HE HAD KILLED 28
29 SAID THAT HE HAD LEARNED 28
30 SAID THAT THEY HAD MADE 28
31 SAID THAT THEY HAD COME 27
32 SAID THAT HE HAD SPENT 26
33 SAID THAT THEY HAD TRIED 26
34 SAID THAT HE HAD WRITTEN 25
35 SAID THAT SHE HAD MADE 25
36 SAID THAT THEY HAD FOUND 25
37 SAID THAT SHE HAD FOUND 24
38 SAID THAT HE HAD READ 24
39 SAID THAT HE HAD LEFT 23
40 SAID THAT THEY HAD LOST 23
41 SAID THAT HE HAD WORKED 22
42 SAID THAT IT HAD FOUND 21
43 SAID THAT HE HAD TALKED 21
44 SAID THAT HE HAD USED 21
45 SAID THAT SHE HAD SPOKEN 20
46 SAID THAT HE HAD CHANGED 19
47 SAID THAT HE HAD GOTTEN 19
48 SAID THAT HE HAD WANTED 19
49 SAID THAT IT HAD TAKEN 18
50 SAID THAT HE HAD THOUGHT 18


told * that * could|would

*We chose these modals because they are often taught with tense shifting.

1 TOLD ME THAT I WOULD 1142
2 TOLD ME THAT I COULD 977
3 TOLD ME THAT HE WOULD 654
4 TOLD YOU THAT YOU COULD 623
5 TOLD ME THAT IT WOULD 590
6 TOLD HIM THAT HE WOULD 589
7 TOLD HIM THAT I WOULD 507
8 TOLD ME THAT THEY WOULD 494
9 TOLD HIM THAT HE COULD 349
10 TOLD HER THAT I WOULD 341


A2 vocabulary:

could, decided, killed, lost, received, spent, tried

B1:
experienced