survived

passive + BY + noun phrase

In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 2 in the category of PASSIVES : ‘BY’ to add information about something already known. B1 point 12 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: passive with ‘by’ to give focus. All the A2 examples use the pronoun IT  + is|was + past participle  + by The one …

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THE ONE(S) THAT + clause (focus)

Here are two examples of ‘focus’ in English grammar, using ‘the one that + clause’ in the subject position: The one that comes in the box, his colleague told him, was notorious for making users’faces itchy and red.   The Wall Street Journal The ones that make you look older, or even the ones where you turn into a hot dog are still really engaging.    Mobile Marketing Magazine In the English Grammar Profile, C2 point 114 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: ‘The one(s) that’ + …

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past perfect simple (inversion)

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 85 in the category of PAST is defined as: invert the subject and affirmative auxiliary verb to talk about imagined situations in the past, often with regret, in formal contexts *although a following modal verb ‘could’ or ‘would’ is not mentioned in the description above, they do follow in the …

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few (not many)

In the English Grammar Profile, C1 point 27 in NEGATION is defined as: (very) ‘few’ meaning ‘not many’ to refer to people in formal written contexts, often reports or surveys. *This also overlaps C1 quantity pronouns. A search in iWeb for:  few _V 1 FEW ARE 18250 Many are called, few are chosen. listen 2 FEW HAVE 15340 And very few have it in them. …

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might | may not + have + PAST PARTICIPLE (past possibility)

Here are the most common verbs found in this grammar structure with examples:

You MIGHT NOT HAVE KNOWN about the party.
She MIGHT NOT HAVE THOUGHT you were serious.
They MIGHT NOT HAVE HEARD that you were coming.

The negative past modal meaning expressed here is of possibility.