surely

adverb RESPONSE TOKENS

When you ‘listen’ to someone speaking in a conversation, you can respond with short phrases that add to the conversation. These utterances carry information and sometimes a single word like an adverb is all you might say. C2 point 224 in the category of MODALITY/adverbs is defined: adverbs expressing certainty as short responses Here is …

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adverb + GOING TO

Point 34 in the category of FUTURE: ‘be going to’ with a  limited range of adverbs, after the auxiliary be form, in the normal mid position. The EGP examples of adverbs include ‘never’ and ‘really’. An iWeb search for: _VB _RR _VVGK *we removed the past forms of BE 1 ‘M JUST GOING 10741 TLC …

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modal verb + modal adverb

B1 Point 57 in the category of modality/adverbs is defined as: modal verb + modal adverb to modify an assertion, either through hedging or emphasis. B1 point 81 in modality/adverbs is defined as: increasing range of adverbs, for emphasis However, when we check the EGP examples for point 57 which include: surely|certainly|probably, we soon see …

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will have + ADVERB + PAST PARTICIPLE

Point 61 in FUTURE is defined as: future perfect simple with adverbs in the normal mid-position For example: Something somewhere will always have changed.   An iWeb search for: will _R have _VVN 1 WILL PROBABLY HAVE NOTICED 102 2 WILL NEVER HAVE HEARD 85 3 WILL PROBABLY HAVE HEARD 82 4 WILL PROBABLY HAVE …

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BE + ADVERB + going to + VERB

Point 58 in future with be going to is defined as: increasing range of adverbs (particularly adverbs of certainty) in the normal mid position. A search in iWeb for the adverbs we find in the EGP examples: _VB [probably|undoubtedly|surely] going to_T _VVI Note ‘surely’ is rare. 1 IS UNDOUBTEDLY GOING TO BECOME 9 2 IS …

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wide range of stance adverbs

Point 62 in ADVERBS/modifiers: (simply, truly, surely, apparently, naturally, surprisingly, inevitably, literally, exceptionally, frankly, clearly, amazingly, wisely, admittedly) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint, often in clause initial position. *Some of these adverbs are sometimes used in other ways too, but they are all at B1 or higher, so the complexity range of adverb usage …

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adverb + ENOUGH

Point 58 in adverbs/phrases is defined as: post-modify adverbs with ‘enough to intensify’. A search in iWeb for _RR enough 1 LONG ENOUGH 118213 2 JUST ENOUGH 69645 3 WELL ENOUGH 56474 4 FAST ENOUGH 40410 5 FAR ENOUGH 38942 6 HARD ENOUGH 33328 7 HIGH ENOUGH 29764 8 SOON ENOUGH 27993 9 EASY ENOUGH …

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‘must’ + modal adverbs

These are the 12 adverbs I would teach with “must” to advanced students: correctly, either, generally, somehow, therefore, constantly, currently, necessarily, simply, successfully, surely, satisfactorily, ultimately.