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5 on the TOEFL Writing Essays?

In this post, we use our grammar profiler to predict the CEFR level of this TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample Essay. We found that the most salient language is the ability to modify adjectives and use abstract nouns.  So let’s look at this advanced text.  The profiler says the text is probably C1, which we can surmise …

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Let’s + VERB

In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 29, in the category of CLAUSES is defined: ‘let’s’ + base form of a main verb, for first person plural imperatives to make a suggestion PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: Let’s discuss each change and see some examples of them. Arabic male level 5 writing class. An iWeb search for: Let_VM21 * * * * 1 LET ‘S TAKE A …

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word OR word ? (alternative questions)

A2 Point 14 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions with two words from the same class combined with ‘or’. *note that there is a b1 point for two clauses joined with ‘or’ in a question. A few searches on iWeb for: _NN or NN ? 1 PRODUCT OR SERVICE? 1217 2 …

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SUCH + adjective + noun

Point 41 in the category of  NOUNS is defined as: noun phrases with ‘such a’ + adjective + singular noun and ‘such’ + adjective + plural noun, to give emphasis.   An iWeb search for: such a _JJ _NN 1 SUCH A LONG TIME 7187 2 SUCH A BIG DEAL 6247 3 SUCH A SHORT …

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determiner + adjective + ONES

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 40 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: determiners + premodifers + ‘ones’ EXPERT EXAMPLE: These are the more common ones around today. TED PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: (referring to outdoor activities) I think Bodrum has the best ones. Turkish, Male, Level 3, Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _A _J ones 1 THE ONLY ONES 45418 2 YOUR …

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adjective + ONES

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 50 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: premodifiers with ‘ones’, to refer to something in general. An iWeb search for: _JJ ones 1 LOVED ONES 102997 2 NEW ONES 78751 3 LITTLE ONES 58655 4 ONLY ONES 46742 5 GOOD ONES 26844 6 OLD ONES 24098 7 OTHER …

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or not?

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 23 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions using ‘or not’ to substitute for a clause, sometimes to express annoyance or impatience An iWeb search for: * * or not ? 1 THIS EARNING OR NOT ? 287 2 GOOD IDEA OR NOT ? 122 Is drinking fruit juices a good idea or not? …

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clause OR clause ? (question)

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 27 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions with two clauses combined with ‘or’. A search in iWeb for or _V _P * ? 1 OR AM I WRONG? 621 2 OR DOES IT MATTER? 287   Villanovan Do you view all these changes in entertainment as good or bad, or does it matter at all? *Note …

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THE + noun + WHO|THAT + clause (focus)

Here’s an example of using a defining relative clause for focus: The person who sent me was you. Listen to the pronunciation. B1 Point 73 in the category of CLAUSES is defined as: defining relative clauses: ‘the person who/that, the thing that, the (only) one who/that’ as a focusing device. *Some people looking for information about a relative pronoun …

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the reason why

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 63 in CLAUSES is defined as: THE REASON WHY: defining relative clauses with ‘why’ after ‘reason’, to give an explanation and for focus. *Note that “the reason that…” is B2.  A search in iWeb for: the * reason why 1 THE MAIN REASON WHY 8371 2 THE ONLY REASON WHY …

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LINKING VERB + like | similar to + NOUN PHRASE

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 55 in the category of CLAUSES/comparatives is defined as: linking verbs + ‘like’ or ‘similar to’. EXPERT EXAMPLE: They taste similar to regular bulb onions, but they‘re milder. tastingtable.com PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE He looks like a cute turtle. Korean, Male, Level 2 A search in iWeb for: look* like * * * 1 LOOKS LIKE THIS: 14720 2 LOOK LIKE …

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adjective, adjective noun

This is another grammar point that is probably easier to deal with in the English Vocabulary Profile.  There are too many vague differences to distinguish between the different entries in the English Grammar Profile.  They could be explained in more detail. B1 Point 55 in the category of ADJECTIVES is defined as: a comma to …

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THE + adjective + noun

In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 36 in DETERMINERs/articles is defined as: ‘the’ + adjectives in a noun phrase, to specify For example: How much was the cost of living in the big city? An iWeb search for: the _JJ _NN 1 THE OTHER HAND 459204 2 THE BEST WAY 361919 3 THE ONLY WAY 263862 That is the only way to avoid the noise disturbing me. PELIC STUDENT: Chinese Female level …

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-AL adjective suffix

Compared to looking at the -able suffix endings which were very advanced vocabulary.  We mean beyond what most general English classes would need to learn.  The ‘-al’ suffixes are all around the B levels or intermediate.  Therefore this list is a good list of adjectives for students to learn that are around intermediate. We found …

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ANYTHING | SOMETHING + adjective

Let’s look at some examples of the indefinite pronoun ‘something’ + adjective phrase.  This relates to “post positioned adjectives” ‘something’ is an indefinite pronoun.  ‘special’ is an adjective. The adjective post-modifies the pronoun.  The adjective makes the pronoun more specific. Well,  how about something special for lunch tomorrow to cheer you up? I‘ll make something special for you. (Watch example sentences) The meaning of ‘something adjective‘ …

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