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5 on the TOEFL Writing Essays?

In this post, we use our grammar profiler to predict the CEFR level of this TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample Essay. We found that the most salient language is the ability to modify adjectives and use abstract nouns.  So let’s look at this advanced text.  The profiler says the text is probably C1, which we can surmise …

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Let’s + VERB

point 29 in CLAUSES: ‘let’s’ + base form of a main verb, for first person plural imperatives to make a suggestion PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: Let’s discuss each change and see some examples of them. Arabic male level 5 writing class. An iWeb search for: Let_VM21 * * * * 1 LET ‘S TAKE A LOOK 31229 2 LET ‘S FACE IT , 17868 3 …

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word OR word ?

A2 Point 14 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions with two words from the same class combined with ‘or’. *note that there is a b1 point for two clauses joined with ‘or’ in a question. A few searches on iWeb for: _NN or NN ? 1 PRODUCT OR SERVICE ? 1217 …

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SUCH + adjective + noun

Point 41 in the category of  NOUNS is defined as: noun phrases with ‘such a’ + adjective + singular noun and ‘such’ + adjective + plural noun, to give emphasis.   An iWeb search for: such a _JJ _NN 1 SUCH A LONG TIME 7187 2 SUCH A BIG DEAL 6247 3 SUCH A SHORT …

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determiner + adjective + ONES

Point 40 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: determiners + premodifers + ‘ones’ PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: (referring to outdoor activities) I think Bodrum has the best ones. Turkish, Male, Level 3, Writing Class. A search in iWeb for: _A _J ones 1 THE ONLY ONES 45418 2 YOUR LOVED ONES 30909 3 THEIR LOVED ONES 22398 4 THE …

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adjective + ONES

Point 50 in the category of PRONOUNS/substitution is defined as: premodifiers with ‘ones’, to refer to something in general. An iWeb search for: _JJ ones 1 LOVED ONES 102997 2 NEW ONES 78751 3 LITTLE ONES 58655 4 ONLY ONES 46742 5 GOOD ONES 26844 6 OLD ONES 24098 7 OTHER ONES 16209 8 SMALLER …

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or not?

Point 23 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions using ‘or not’ to substitute for a clause, sometimes to express annoyance or impatience An iWeb search for: * * or not ? 1 THIS EARNING OR NOT ? 287 2 GOOD IDEA OR NOT ? 122 3 IS TRUE OR NOT ? …

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OR (question)

Point 27 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions with two clauses combined with ‘or’. A search in iWeb for or _V _P * ? 1 OR AM I WRONG ? 621 2 OR DOES IT MATTER? 287   Villanovan Alumnus Brad Ingelsby Talks Series “Mare of Easttown” Do you view all these changes in entertainment as good or bad, or …

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THE + noun + WHO|THAT + clause (focus)

Here’s an example of using a defining relative clause for focus: The person who sent me was you. Listen to the pronunciation. B1 Point 73 in the category of CLAUSES is defined as: defining relative clauses: ‘the person who/that, the thing that, the (only) one who/that’ as a focusing device. A search in iWeb for: . The _NN that|who …

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adjective, adjective noun

This is another grammar point that is probably easier to deal with in the English Vocabulary Profile.  There are too many vague differences to distinguish between the different entries in the English Grammar Profile.  They could be explained in more detail. B1 Point 55 in the category of ADJECTIVES is defined as: a comma to …

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-AL adjective suffix

Compared to looking at the -able suffix endings which were very advanced vocabulary.  We mean beyond what most general English classes would need to learn.  The ‘-al’ suffixes are all around the B levels or intermediate.  Therefore this list is a good list of adjectives for students to learn that are around intermediate. We found …

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ANYTHING | SOMETHING + adjective

Let’s look at some examples of the indefinite pronoun ‘something’ + adjective phrase.  This relates to “post positioned adjectives” ‘something’ is an indefinite pronoun.  ‘special’ is an adjective. The adjective post-modifies the pronoun.  The adjective makes the pronoun more specific. Well,  how about something special for lunch tomorrow to cheer you up? I‘ll make something special for you. (Watch example sentences) The meaning of ‘something adjective‘ …

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