PELIC

(PELIC) refers to The University of Pittsburgh English Language Institute Corpus.

If a post refers to any language from this corpus, we tag it PELIC.

nothing | everybody | everywhere | anything (subject)

Point 92 in PRONOUNS is defined as: full range of indefinite pronouns as subjects, with a singular verb. A search inWeb for: . nothing|everybody|everywhere|anything _v And PELIC B2 student examples: 1 . NOTHING IS 18676 25027,ar9,Chinese,Male,529,4,w,3285,1,566 We can lie on the meadow and breathed fresh air. Nothing is better than this. 2 . NOTHING WAS …

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one (pronoun)

This post lists two clashing points in the English Grammar Profile.  The only difference that we can guess from the definition is that the B1 point does not require the subject position. B2 point 91 in PRONOUNS is defined as: ‘ONE’ as a generic personal pronoun in the subject position to mean people in general. …

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each | either | enough | neither | several

Point 89 in the category of PRONOUNS/  quantity is defined as: ‘each’, ‘either’, ‘enough’, ‘neither’, ‘several’ as subject and object pronouns. Two examples from PELIC B2/C1 students: subject pronoun object pronoun Although these vocabulary items are easy to find, they usually are not acting as subjects or objects.  This makes finding more information about the …

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one another

Point 84 in the category of PRONOUNS / reciprocal is defined as: ‘ONE ANOTHER’ as the object of a verb or complement of a preposition to talk about the mutual behaviour of two or more people, often in formal contexts. A search for * * * * one another in iWeb: 1 TO GET TO …

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either of them | us

Point 82 in the category of PRONOUNS quantity is defined as: a wide range of pronouns (‘neither’, ‘either’, ‘none’) with ‘of’ followed by an object pronoun. For example: So in a yin-yang way, silence needs loudness and loudness needs silence for either of them to have any effect. However most of this structure overlaps with Negation point 19, so we will only investigate ‘either of them|us’ in this post. Collocates …

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Pittsburgh learner corpus & complexity checker

I am always looking for true learner texts to see how the complexity checker will perform.  EnglishGrammar.Pro is very lucky to have access to a very large and clearly documented learner corpus. PELIC is based on data collected from students at the English Language Institute (ELI) at the University of Pittsburgh from 2005-2012…. The IEP data include …

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OURS

In the EGP, there are several points in the category of PRONOUNS with the possessive pronoun ‘ours’: C1 Point 101: … in subject position B2 Point 72: … with singular and plural reference, in subject position. B2 Point 86 is the same except: … in object positions, and complement positions after ‘be’ and after prepositions. …

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past perfect simple + adverb

B2 point 54 in the category of  PAST is defined as: past perfect simple with a wide range of adverbs (including ‘finally’, ‘recently’, ‘simply’) in the normal mid-position. B1 point 46 in the category of PAST is defined as: past perfect simple with a limited range of adverbs (including ‘never’, ‘ever’, ‘just’, ‘always’, ‘already’) in …

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usually | often | never | weekly + (present simple)

There are many points at A2 that are related to adverbs and overlap.  Sadly there is some clash of information between the levels of A1 and A2 though. Point 7 in the category of PRESENT is defined as: present simple WITH ADVERBS OF INDEFINITE FREQUENCY In the example sentences, we find ‘usually’ and ‘always’ used. …

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It’s + adjective + ‘that’ clause (focus)

When we look at the most common examples with the grammar pattern: ‘it is adjective that clause’ It is clear that he stole it.  It is possible that the police won’t find him.  It is likely that the man will get away. We see they all appear to have modal adjectives (clear, possible, likely) that show how sure we are about the following clause using ‘FOCUS’.  Two of …

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NO ARTICLE

There are many points that relate to ‘NO ARTICLE’ in the English Grammar Profile.  Although there are overlapping examples across some of the levels, the main difference in regards to marking complexity relies on the level of the vocabulary used.  For this reason, it is probably better to rely more on the English Vocabulary Profile …

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‘She should be looking for a job’ (SHOULD BE + verb ING)

Let’s look at an example in student writing: In Korea, it is so common that women should be looking for a job after divorce. PELIC Korean female level 4 writing. ‘Should’ can express obligation or expectation.  ‘Should’ can be used with a continuous form: Should be + lookING In the English Grammar Profile at B2, there are 3 points covering ‘should + continuous form’.  Points 141 (general), 164 and …

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(always | constantly) + past continuous

Let’s look at two examples to explain this grammar.  The first is from a student writing example using past continuous with an adverb that shows he didn’t control the situation with his friend and the second one is from an expert speaker using passives: For example, he was always playing soccer when I played baseball. PELIC Korean male level 4 grammar class.   They were …

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