make

‘be careful not to disturb them’ (adjective + ‘NOT TO’ + infinitive)

Here’s a student example in a speaking test of ‘BE + adjective + not + to-infinitive‘ to give emphasis: When you walk, you should be careful not to disturb them because they are all below you. TLC male Sri Lanka B1 *We can also write: You should be careful that you do not disturb them… Point 230 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘BE’ + ADJECTIVE + ‘NOT’ …

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used not to

The following rare student writing example shows how ‘used not to’ expresses modality: Also when I was younger, I used not to be allowed to drink coffee. PELIC Korean female level 3 grammar class. It sounds more natural to say: “I didn’t use to be allowed to drink coffee.” *In other words, she did not have permission to drink coffee.  Although now she is an adult and can. Point 227 …

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COULD (range)

A2 point 52 in MODALITY: ‘could’ with a limited range of verbs to make suggestions. B1 point 78 in MODALITY: affirmative form of ‘could’ to talk about ability. B1 point 79 in MODALITY: ‘could’ with an increasing range of verbs to make suggestions. An iWeb search for: could _VVI 1 COULD GET 239338 TLC STUDENT …

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LET | MAKE + Verb

Point 30 in the category of VERBs/patterns is defined as: ‘MAKE’, ‘LET’ + INFINITIVE WITHOUT ‘TO’ *It is interesting that there is no mention of the object between the verbs. A search in iWeb corpus for: MAKE _P _VVI 1 MAKE YOU FEEL 69401 2 MAKE IT WORK 43378 3 MAKE IT LOOK 37679 4 …

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“I’ll get them to come.” (GET + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE)

Let’s analyse and then listen to the grammar structure: ‘get someone or something to do something’ by looking at real expert examples: I can’t get these parents to come. I’ll get them to come. Listen to these examples. The same meaning can be written in other ways: I can’t make them come. I can’t change their minds to make them come. I …

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