II22

UNTIL

‘Until’ is usually conjunction, but sometimes it functions as a preposition. 1 UNTIL (CS) 2251777 4 UNTIL (II) 358880 6 UNTIL (II22) 73389

two part prepositions

1 OUT (II21) OF (II22) 6044503 2 SUCH (II21) AS (II22) 5449751 3 ACCORDING (II21) TO (II22) 2869261 4 DUE (II21) TO (II22) 2384806 5 BECAUSE (II21) OF (II22) 2052897 6 UP (II21) TO (II22) 1826998 7 ALONG (II21) WITH (II22) 1692520 8 INSTEAD (II21) OF (II22) 1335372 9 PRIOR (II21) TO (II22) 1110670 10 …

two part prepositions Read More »

ON

1 ON (II) 83922557 5 ON (RP) 1711680 6 ON (II22) 1087104 7 ON (II31) 889849 9 ON (RR33) 263242 11 ON (RL21) 161724 12 ON (II21) 108074 13 ON (II41) 75974 14 ON (RT33) 46969 16 ON (RR22) 22598

FOR

1 FOR (IF) 140146366 2 FOR (REX21) 3179356 4 FOR (II22) 659776 5 (RR21) “for sure“ 8 FOR (CS) 211159 10 FOR (RR41) 157117 12 FOR (II33) 39024 13 FOR (RT41) 37725 14 FOR (RR43) 31200 15 FOR (II31) 27475 18 FOR (RG33) 455

‘BE’ + to infinitive | ‘BE’ + due to infinitive

In the English Grammar Profile (EGP), there are three similar points in the category of Future expressions with ‘BE’ at B2 in the English Grammar Profile. 47  ‘be due to’ and, more formally, ‘be to’ talk about things that are scheduled or expected. 53 OBLIGATIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS WITH ‘BE TO’ 56 present form of ‘be’ …

‘BE’ + to infinitive | ‘BE’ + due to infinitive Read More »

RATHER THAN + non-finite clause | phrase

Let’s look at how ‘rather than‘ is used to compare.  In the English Vocabulary Profile, at B1 the meaning is:  ‘instead of ‘ I‘d like coffee rather than tea. I usually wear a swimsuit rather than shorts. In the above examples: coffee, tea, a swimsuit, shorts are nouns or noun phrases, so ‘rather than‘ or ‘instead of‘ are complex prepositions. Here’s a student example …

RATHER THAN + non-finite clause | phrase Read More »